Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

9 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Basic processes involved in memory
Encoding, storing, retrieving
Sensory memory
An exact replica of an environmental message which usually lasts for a second or less
Iconic Memory
The system that produces and stores visual sensory memories
Echoic memory
The system that produces and stores auditory sensory memories
Long term memory
The system used to maintain information for extended periods of time
Short term memory
The limited capacity system that we use to hold information, after it has been analyzed, for periods lasting less than a minute or two
Primacy effect
The better memory of items listed near the beginning of a memorized list
Recency effect
The better memory of items listed near the end of a memorized list
Mnemonic devices
Special mental tricks that help people think about material in ways that improve later memory. Most require the use of visual imagery