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32 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Biomedical Therapies
Biologically based treatments for reducing or eliminating the symptoms of psychological disorders
Why are the number of institutionalized mental health patients declining?
Effective medications, improvements in alternative forms of therapy (including behavioral and cognitive), cutbacks in the levels of funding needed to maintain high levels of care, and stricter laws governing commitment
anti-psychotic drugs
Medications that treat the positive symptoms of schizophrenia (delusions, hallucinations, disorganized speech)
An antidepressent drug that is a selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitor (usually sold as Prozac or Sarafem)
Lithium carbonate
Antidepressent drug usually sold under the name (Eskalith). Is sometimes used to treat the pendulum swings related to bipolar disease. If is a difficult drug to regulate
Works by helping the body manage the neurotransmitter GABA (GABA produces an excitatory effect). Xanax and valium are two examples of these kinds of medications
Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A treatment used primarily for depression in which a brief electric current is delivered to the brain. Is sometimes used to treat severe, life-threatening depression
Used to destroy or alter brain tissues in an effort to affect behavior
Sometimes used to treat severe forms of obsessive compulsive disorder and severe forms of depression
Prefrontal lobotomies
The frontal lobes of the brain are separated from the rest of the brain. The goal of the opperation was to reduce aggression and anxiety in patients who had serious behavioral problems.
Insight therapies
Treatments designed to give clients self-knowledge, or insight, into the contents of their thought processes
Freud's method of treatment that attempts to bring hidden impulses and memories, which are locked in the unconscious, to the surface of awareness, thereby freeing the patient from disordered thoughts and behaviors
Free Association
A technique used in psychoanalysis to explore teh contents of the unconscious; patients are asked to freely express whatever thoughts and feelings happen to come into their minds
Dream analysis
A technique used in psychoanalysis; Freud believed that dreams are symbolic and contain important information about the unconscious
In psychoanalysis, a patient's unconsciously motivated attempts to subvert or hinder the process of therapy
In psychoanalysis, the patient's expression of thoughts or feelings toward the therapist that are actually representative of the way the patient feels about other significant people in their life
Uses of Psycotherapy
Streamline the therapeutic processes; increase the speed of treatment
Cognitive therapies
Treatments designed to remove irrational beliefs and negative thoughts that are presumed to be responsible for psychological disorders
Rational-emotive therapy
A form of cognitive therapy in which the therapist acts as a kind of cross-examiner, verbally assulting the client's irrational thought processes
Beck's Cognitive therapy
A form of cognitive therapy in which the patients and therapists work as a team to uncover the irrational thoughts. The patient is assigned homework, usually in the form of diaries to help in the uncovering process
Humanistic Therapies
Treatments designed to help clients gain insight into their fundamental self-worth and value as human beings
Client-centered therapy
A form of humanistic therapy proposing that it is the client, not the therapist, who holds the key to pyschological health and happiness; the therapist's role is to provide genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathy
Group Therapy
A form of therapy in which several people are treated simultaneously in the same setting
Family Therapy
A form of group therapy in which the therapist treats the family as whole, as a kind of social system. The goals of treatment are often to improve interpersonal communication and collaboration
Behavioral modification
therapies used to change undesirable behaviors through the use of established learning techniques
Conditioning techniques
It might be possible to eliminate phobias by teaching a new association between the feared object and something pleasurable
Systematic desensitization
A technique that uses counterconditioning and extinction to reduce the fear and anxiety that have become associated with a specific object or event
Aversion Therapy
A treatment for replacing a positive reaction to a harmful stimulus, such as alcohol, with something negative, such as fealing nauseous
Token economics
A type of behavioral therapy in which patients are rewarded with small tokens when they act in an appropriate way; the tokens can be exchanged for certain privileges
Behavior can be changed by teaching people about the direct consequences of their behavior
A statistical technique used to compare findings across many different research studies; comparisons are based on some common evaluation measure, such as the difference between treatment and control conditions
Common factors across psychotherapies
support factors, learning factors, action factors