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20 Cards in this Set

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tests designed to measure a person's general mental abilites
intelligence tests
a general term referrrinf to the ability or abilites involved in learning and adaptive behavior
intelligence
sternberg's theory that intelligence involves mental skills, insight and creative adaptability and enviromental responsiveness
triarchic theory of intelligence
according to sternberg, the ability to acquire new knowledege, to solve problems effectively
componential intelligence
sternberg's term for the ability to adapt creatively in new situations, to use insight
experimental intelligence
according to sternberg, the ability to select contexts in which you can excel, to shape the enviroment to fit your strengths
contextual intelligence
Howard Gardner's theory that there is not one intelligence, but rather many intelligences, each of which ir relatively independent of the others
theory of multiple intelligences
theory of intelligence that the same underlying intelligence is revealed in different activities
Spearman
theory of intelligence that all abilities are independent of one another
Thurstone
theory that includes two clusters of mental abilities: crystallized inttelligence and fluid intelligence
Cattell
the first test of intelligence, developed for testing children
binet-simon scale
a numerical value given to intelligence that is determined from the scores on an intelligence test; based on a score of 100 for average intelligence
intellgence quotient
terman's adaptatioon of the binet-simon scale
Stanford-Binet intelligence scale
an individual intelligence test developed especially for adults; measures both verbal and performance abilities
(WAIS-III)
intelligence tests that minimize the use of language
performance tests
intelligence tests designed to eliminate cultural bias by minimizing skills and values that vary from one culture to another
culture-fair tests
ability of a test to produce consistent and stable scores
reliability
ability of a test to measure what it had been designed to measure
validity
refers to a test's having an adequate sample of questions measuring the skills and knowledge it is supposed to measure
content validity
validity of a test as measured by a comparison of the test scores and independent measures of what the test is designed to measure
criterion-related validity