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49 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the use of psychological techniques to treat personality and behavior disorders
a variety of individual psychotherapies designed to give people a better awareness and understanding of their feelings, motivations, and actions in the hope that this will help them adjust
insight therapies
a psychosanalytic technique that encourages the patient to talk without inhibition about whatever thoughts or fantasies come to mind
free association
the patient's carrying over to the analyst feelings held toward childhood authority figures
awareness of previously unconscious feeling and memories and how they influence present feelings and behavior
nondirectional form of therapy developed by Carl Rogers that calls for unconditional positive regard of the client by the therapist with the goal of helping the client become fully functioning
client-centered therapy
an insight therapy that emphasizes the wholeness of the personality and attempts to reawaken people to their emotions and sensations in the here-and-now
gestalt therapy
insight therapy that is time-limited and focused on trying to help clients correct the immediate problems in ther lives
short-term psychodynamic psychotherapy
therapeutic approaches that are based on the belief that all behavior, normal and abmormal, is learned, and that the objective of therapy is to teach people new, more satifying ways of behaving
behavior therapies
a behavioral technique for reducing a person's fear and anxiety by gradually associating a new response (relaxation) with stimuli that have been causing the fear and anxiety
systematic desensitization
behavioral therapy techniques aimed at eliminating undesirable behavior patterns by teaching the person to associate them with pain and discomfort
aversive conditioning
form of operant conditioning therapy in which the client and therapist set behavioral goals and agree on reinforcements the client will receive upon reaching those goals
behavior contracting
an operant conditioning therapy in which patients earn tokens(reinforcers) for desired behaviors and exhange them for desired items or privileges
token economy
a behavior therapy in which the person learns desired behaviors by watching others perform those behaviors
psychotherapies that emphasize changing clients' perceptions of their life situation as a way of modifying their behavior
cognitive therapies
a type of cognitive therapy that trains clients to cope with stressful situations by learning a more useful pattern of self-talk
stress-inoculation therapy
a directive cognitive therapy based on the idea that clients' psychological distress is caused by irrational and self-defeating beliefs and that the therapists' job is to challenge such dysfunctional beliefs
rational-emotive therapy(RET)
therapy that depends on identifying and changing inappropriately negative and self- critical patterns of thought
cognitive therapy
type of psychotherapy in which clients meet regularly to interact and help one another insight into their feelings and behavior
group therapy
a form of group therapy that sees the family as at least partly responsible for the individual's problems and that seeks to change all family members' behaviors to the benefit of the family unit as well as the troubled individual
family therapy
a form of group therapy intended to help troubled partners improve their problems of communication and interaction
couple therapy
psychotherapeutic approach that recognizes the value of a broad treatment package over a rigid commitment to one particular form of energy
a group of approaches, including medication electroconvulsive therapy, and psychosurgery, that are sometimes used to treat psychological disorders in conjunction with, or instead of, psychotherapy
biological treatments
drugs used to treat very severe psychologicl disorders, particularly schizophrenia
antipsychotic drugs
a group of drugs used to combat depression
drugs that quickly produce a sense of calm and mild euphoria; used to reduce tension and anxiety
antianxiety medications
drugs that produce both calm and drowsiness; used to treat agitation or induce sleep
drugs used to heighten alertness or arousall and with children with ADHD
biological therapy in which a mild electrical current is passed through the brain for a short period, often producing convulsions and temporary coma; used to treat severe prolonged depression
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
brain surgery performed to change person's behavior and emotional state; a biological therapy rarely used today
policy of treating people with severe psychological disorders in the larger community, or in small residential centers such as halfway houses, rather than in large public hospitals
reducing the incidence of emotional disturbance by eliminating conditions that cause or contribute to mental disorders and substituting conditions that foster mental well-being
techniques and programs to improve the social enviroment so that new cases of mental disorders do not develop
primary prevention
reducing the incidence of emotional disturbance by eliminating conditions that cause or contribute to mental disorders and substituting conditions that foster mental well-being
techniques and programs that improve the social enviroment so that new cases of mental disorders do not develop
primary prevention
programs to identify groups that are at high risk for mental disorders and to detect maladaptive behavior in these groups and treat it promptly
secondary prevention
programs to help people adjust to community life after release from a mental hospital
tertiary prevention
professional that has a master's level degree; work in private practice with disorders such as alcoholism and drug addiction; only for short periods of time
professional that has no specefic licensing or academic requirements; help people to realize goals
life coach
professional that has a master's or doctoral degree; treat in context of family in interpersonal dynamics; sessions are usually brief and solution-focused
marriage and family therapist
professional that is a medical doctor; treat full range of emotional and mental disorders; prescribe medication
professional that has a post graduate degree in pscychology or psychiatry; treat patients intensively (5 to 10 years, 3-4 sessions a week)
professional that has two doctoral degrees (Ph.D and Psy.D)
professional that has a master's in social work; and 2 years of supervised practice to get their license
social workers
-research suggests that the key to desensitization's success may not be the learning of a new conditioned relaxation response but rather the extinction of the old fear response thrhough mere exposure
-extinction works best if exposure occurs soon, at full intensity, and for a prolonged period of time; less familiar, more fightening, "desensitization thru exposure"
a treatment of depression; says that depression results from negative patterns of thought and aims to lead the client to more realistic and flexble ways of thinking
Beck's cognitive therapy
small local gatherings of people who share a common problem or predicament and who provide mutual assitance at a very low cost
self-help group
drug used for bipolar or manic depression; helps level the wild and unpredictable mood swings of manic depression