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46 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an individual's characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting
Free Association
a method of exploring the unconscious in which the person relaxes and says whatever comes no matter how trival or embarrassing
theory of personality that attributes our thoughts and actions to unconcious motives and conflicts
Physoanalysis is who's theory?
What is physoanalysis used for?
treating physological disorders by seeking to expose and interpet unconcious intentions
a reservoir of thoughts, feelings, and memories; informations processing of which we are unaware
contains a reservoir of unconcious psychic energy that strives to satisfy basic sexual and aggressive drives
part of the personality mediates among the demands of the id, superego, and reality.
What operates on the reality princple satisfying the id's desires that will realistically bring pleasure rather than pain
that part of personallity that represents internalized ideals and provides standards for judgement and for future aspirations
Psycosexual Stages
the childhood stages of developmentduring which the pleasure seeking energies focus on distinct erogenous zones
Oedipus Complex
a boy's sexual desires toward his mother and feelings of jealousy and hatred for the rival father
the process by which the children incorporate their parents values into their developing superegos
a lingering focus of pleasure seeking energies at an earlier psycosexual stage; where conflicts were unresolved
Defense Mechanisms
the ego's protective method of reducing reality by inconciously distorting reality
the basic defence mechanism that banishes anxiety arousing thoughts, feelings, and memories from conciousness
defence mechanism in which an indivdual is faced with anxiety retreats to a more infantile psycosexual stage where some psycic energy remains
Reaction Formation
psycoanalitic defence mechanism by which the ego unconciously switches unacceptable impulses into their opposites.
psycoanalitical defense mechanism by which people disguise their own threatening impulses by attributing to others
defense Mechanism that offers self justifying explanations in place of the real more threatening unconcious reasons for ones actions
Psycoanalitical defense mechanism that shifts sexual or aggressive impulses towards a more acceptable or less threatning object or person, as when redirecting anger towards a safer outlet
Projective Test
a personality test that provieds ambiguous stimuli designed to trigger projections of ones inner dynamics
Name some examples of Projective tests
Rorschach or ink blot test
Rorschach Inkblot Test
the most widely used projective test; seeks to identify people's inner feelings by analyzing their interpertations of the blots
Collective Unconscious
Carl Jung's concept of a shared, inherited reservoir of memory traces from our species' history
Self Actualization
the ultimate psycological need that arises after basic physical and psycological needs are met and self esteem is achieved; the motivation is to fullfil ones potential
Unconditional Positive Reguard
an attitude of total acceptance to another person
Abraham Maslow came up with what theory?
Self Actualization
Carl Rogers came up with what theory?
Unconditional Positive Reguard
Self Concept
all our thoughts and feelings about our selves in answer to the question "who am I"
a characteristic pattern of behavior or a disposition to feel and act as assessed by self report inventories and peer reports
Personality Inventory
a questionnaire on which people respond to items designed to gauge a wide range of feelings and behaviors
How is personality inventory used?
to assess selected personality traits
Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI)
Originally used to identify emotional disorders and is now used for many other screening purposes
What is the most clinically used of all hersonality tests?
Empirically Derived Test
a test developed by testing a pool of items and them selecting thoes that discriminate between groups
Social Cognitive Perspective
views behavior as influenced by the interaction between persons and their social context
Reciprocal Deterimism
the interacting influences between personality and enviorment
Personal Control
our sense of controling our enviorment rather than feeling helpless
External Locus Control
the perception that chance or outside forces beyond ones personal controls determines ones fate
Learned Helplessness
the hopelessness and passive resignation an animal or human learns when unable to aviod repeated adverse events
Spotlight Effect
overestimating others noticing and evaluating our appearance performance and blunders (as if we presume the spotlight shines on us
Self Esteem
ones feelings of high or low self worth
Self Serving Bias
a readiness to precieve oneself favorably
Giving priority to ones own goals over group goals and defining ones indentity in terms of personal attributes rather than group identifications
giving priority to the goals of ones group and defining ones identity accordingly