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60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
In Western societies most people do not walk around on the streets naked. This observation coincides with which definition for abnormal behavior? a) personal distress; b) functional impairment; c) risk to self or others; d) socially unacceptable behavior
d) socially unacceptable behavior
The fact that psychological disorders run in families provides evidence that there are ________ causes for abnormal behavior.
a) biological; b) psychological; c) cultural; d) unconscious
a) biological
A model of abnormal behavior closely related to the biopsychosocial perspective is referred to as the _______ model.
a) psychoanalytic; b) diathesis-stress; c) humanitarian; d) sociocultural
b) diathesis-stress
Ideas about Christian charity and the need to help the poor and the sick formed the basis for ______ forms of treatment in the Middle Ages.
a) humanitarian; b) psychological; c) spiritual; d) medical
a) humanitarian
Asylum reform was undertaken by William Tuke in:
a) America; b) England; c) France; d) Germany
b) England
The philosophy of Chiarugi, Pinel, and Tuke that people can, with proper care, develop self-control overtheir own disturbing behaviors is the basis for:
a) psychotherapy; b) hypnosis; c) moral treatment; d) deinstitutionalization
c) moral treatment
What term did James Braid propose to describe the process of being in a trance?
a) mesmerism; b) hypnotism; c) somnambulism; d) lycanthropy
b) hypnotism
Which of the following is the essence of the scientific method?
a) subjectivity; b) objectivity; c) mysticism; d) specificity
b) objectivity
The ______ method involves altering or changing the conditions to which subjects are exposed and observing the effects that this manipulation has on behavior.
a) scientific; b) correlational; c) experimental; d) case study
c) experimental
An association between two variables is called a(n):
a) case study; b) correlation; c) analogue experiment; d) experiment
b) correlation
At any given time, 49% of the population is suffering from some form of mental illness. This number reflects the ______ of mental illness.
a) probability; b) incidence; c) prevalence; d) prognosis
c) prevalence
During the month of July, 18 homicides occurred in the city. This number reflects the _______ of homicide in this particular city.
a) concordance rate; b) probability; c) prevalence; d) incidence
d) incidence
Multiple diagnostic conditions that occur simultaneously within the same individual are referred to as:
a) comorbid disorders; b) culture-bound syndromes; c) differential diagnoses; d) primary diagnoses
a) comorbid disorders
The fact that many clinicians view alcoholism as a disease is consistent with the DSM-IV-TR assumption that classification should be based on the ______ model:
a) psychogenic; b) humanitarian; c) medical; d) multimodal
c) medical
Which of the following terms is NOT used in the DSM-IV-TR?
a) bipolar disorder; b) major depression; c) schizophrenia; d) neurosis
d) neurosis
The DSM-IV-TR utilizes _____ axes along which clients are evaluated.
a) 2; b) 5; c) 7; d) 10
b) 5
Axis II of the DSM-IV-TR is used for:
a) clinical disorders; b) personality disorders and mental retardation; c) organic brain disorders; d) substance abuse disorders
b) personality disorders and mental retardation
The process of ruling out possible alternative diagnoses is called a(n):
a) differential diagnosis; b) compound diagnosis; c) assessment of functioning; d) multiaxial diagnosis
a) differential diagnosis
Recurrent patterns of abnormal behavior that are limited to specific societies or cultural areas are defined as:
a) base rate disorders; b) comorbid disorders; c) culture-bound syndromes; d) sociocultural criteria
c) culture-bound syndromes
Integration of the best available research evidence and clinical expertise in teh context of a client's life characterizes:
a) evidence-based practice in psychology; b) the results of the Epidemiological Catchment Area study; c) the results of the National Comorbidity Survey; d) data on teh prevalence of disorders in minority populations
a) evidence-based practice in psychology
One of the most commonly used formats for developing an immediate understanding of the client and the nature of the client's current problem is the:
a) psychometric test; b) clinical interview; c) self-report questionnaire; d) Thematic Apperception Test
b) clinical interview
Dr. Suzuki is trying to determine Ralph's reason for seeking treatment by asking him a series of loosely structured, open-ended questions. What type of assessment technique is Dr. Suzuki employing?
a) self-report interview; b) diagnostic questionnaire; c) standardized interview; d) unstructured interview
d) unstructured interview
Which of the following is an advantage that the structured interview has over the unstructured interview?
a) Structured interviews generally require a great deal of skill and expertise to administer; b) Structured interviews can be objectively scored.; c) The administration of structured interviews requires extensive training.; d) Structured interviews allow clinicians to alter questions to fit their clients' situations.
b) Structured interviews can be objectively scored
What the client thinks about, and how the client thinks, talks, and acts, refers to the client's current:
a) expectancies; b) mental status; c) level of global functioning; d) personal history
b) mental status
A behavior in which an individual repetitively carries out some senseless action is referred to as a(n):
a) compulsion; b) obsession; c) delusion; d) fixation
a) compulsion
Jane Doe showed up at the emergency room, disheveled and unaware of who she was or where she was. According to the mental status exam, Jane is experiencing difficulties with:
a) orientation; b) affective perception; c) perception; d) motivation
a) orientation
Alvaro is continually troubled by repetitive thoughts relation to the notion that his mother died because of something he did. He finds it impossible to drive these thoughts out of his head. These thoughts are called:
a) delusions; b) hallucinations; c) compulsions; d) obsessions
d) obsessions
In the case of Ben Robsham described in the text, Ben's belief that the police were watching him would be considered a(n):
a) hallucination; b) obsession; c) delusion; d) confabulation
c) delusion
Which term refers to an individual's outward expression of an emotion?
a) mood; b) affect; c) dysphoria; d) euthymia
b) affect
Damali often goes to comedy clubs to listen to stand-up comedians, but instead of laughing she sobs uncontrollably when they tell jokes. Sandy is demonstrating ______ affect.
a) flat; b) blunted; c) dysphoric; d) inappropriate
d) inappropriate
A person who experiences unpleasant feelins such as sadness or irritability is said to have what kind of mood?
a) dysphoric; b) euphoric; c) cyclothymic; d) normal
a) dysphoric
Shawna reports to her therapist that she always feels like she is watching herself move throughout the day, like she is watching a movie. She states that she feels like she is outside herself. Shawna is experiencing:
a) identity confusion; b) interpersonalization; c) desensitization; d) depersonalization
d) depersonalization
Donnie's dad has asked him to turn the radio off, and Donnie responds by repeating, "Radio, radio, radio, radio." This repetition is an example of:
a) habituation; b) clanging; c) echolalia; d) confabulation
c) echolalia
Maury's depressin is so severe that he finds it difficult to get out of bed. This difficulty most clearly fits into the mental status exam category of:
a) insight; b) sense of self; c) motivation; d) cognitive function
c) motivation
Which of the following areas assessed during a mental status exam is primarily relevant in terms of understanding a client's receptivity to treatment?
a) sense of self/motivation; b) insight/judgment; c) affect/mood; d) thinking style/language
b) insight/judgment
Since SAT scores are supposed to be indicators of college success, the SAT should be high in_____ validity.
a) predictive; b) concurrent; c) test-retest; d) interjudge
a) predictive
Which of the following subscales of the MMPI-2 is designed to measure social and moral attitudes as well as reaction to authority?
a) schizophrenia; b) psychopathic deviancy; c) depression; d) psychasthenia
b) psychopathic deviancy
A person taking the TAT is asked to:
a) keep a running log of problem behaviors for a week; b) draw a picture of his or her family engaging in some everyday activity; c) answer several fill-in-the-blank questions; d) tell a story about the scene shown on the card
d) tell a story about the scene shown on the card
The process of gathering information about a client's brain functioning on the basis of performance on psychological tests is referred to as _______ assessment.
a) neuropsychological; b) psychophysiological; c) behavioral; d) neuroleptic
a) neuropsychological
Evidence-based assessment is characterized by:
a) a reliance on research findings and scientifically viable theories; b) the use of psychometrically strong measures; c) empirical evaluation of the assessment process; d) all of these
d) all of these
In addition to providing possible explanation for psychological disorders, theories also provide:
a) a framework for interpreting observations about behavior; b) diagnostic criteria for labeling mental disorders; c) the foundation on which DSM-IV is constructed; d) a bias that prevents the clinet's expectations from being considered
a) a framework for interpreting observations about behavior
When defense mechanisms are used in a rigid or an extreme fashion, they become the source of:
a) adjustment; b) psychological disorders; c) ego strength; d) unconscious impulses
b) psychological disorders
A small, young boy gets bullied at school but does not retaliate. Instead he goes home and aggressively beats on his punching bag. Which defense mechanism is he using?
a) denial; b) replacement; c) projection; d) displacement
d) displacement
A man is compulsive about washing his car after an argument with his wife. According to psychoanalytic theorists, his behavior would be an example of regression to which psychosexual stage?
a) oral; b) anal; c) phallic; d) latency
b) anal
Failure to resolve an earlier psychosocial stage is central to ________ theory regarding psychological disturbances.
a) Heinz Kohut's; b) Melanie Klein's; c) Alfred Adler's ; d) Erik Erikson's
d) Erik Erikson's
According to current research in attachment theory, individuals who score high on measures of depression also exhibit:
a) greater dependence; b) insecure attachment styles; c) unresolved Oedipal conflicts; d) a high level of incongruence
b) insecure attachment styles
According to Rogers, if incongruence is an unhealthy state, effective psychotherapy should:
a) lead the person to self-actualization; b) reduce the discrepancy between real and ideal self; c) provide more effective defense mechanisms; increase self-effacement
b) reduce the discrepancy between real and ideal self
Which of the following contemporary techniques, based on teh work of Carl Rogers, helps clients explore and resolve ambivalence?
a) active listening; b) free association; c) motivational interviewing; d) systematic desensitization
c) motivational interviewing
Your dog's behavior of running into the kitchen when he hears the can opener is a(n):
a) unconditioned response; b) conditioned response; c) conditioned stimulus; d) unconditioned stiumuls
b) conditioned stimulus
Eshe has asthma and is being taught by her therapist how to identify the onset of an attack and what steps to take in order to control her attack. This form of treatment is known as:
a) relaxation therapy; b) self-monitoring therapy; c) biofeedback; d) ECT
c) biofeedback
Dr. Ashad examines his clients' difficulties in terms of how they are influenced by people, institutions, and external forces around them. Dr. Ashad is adopting a _______ perspective.
a) psychodynamic; b) behavioral; c) humanistic; d) sociocultural
d) sociocultural
Dr. Johnson would like to apply for a promotion but he does not feel he is a competent enough instructor to get the promotion. According to Albert Bandura, Dr. Johnson is questioning his:
a) self-esteem; b) self-efficacy; c) self-motivation; d) vicarious ability
b) self-efficacy
Gina's therapist is helping her to overcome her fear of public speaking by training her in relaxation techniques and presenting her with gradually more frightening situations in which she performs activities related to speaking in public. This technique is known as:
a) systematic desensitization; b) flooding; c) cognitive therapy; d) biofeedback
a) systematic desensitization
The chemical substances that drift across the synapse and are absorbed by the receiving neurons are called:
a) endorphins; b) hormones; c) neurotransmitters; d) neuropeptides
c) neurotransmitters
The brain forms new synapses in response to environmental influences, a phenomenon known as:
a) a Mendelian pattern; b) brain plasticity; c) polygenetic mutation; d) counterconditioning
b) brain plasticity
Which of the following techniques is likely to replace electroconvulsive therapy for the treatment of depression?
a) cingulotomy; b) insulin shock therapy; c) transcranial magnetic stimulation; d) eye movement desensitization therapy
c) transcranial magnetic stimulation
Dr. Renfield does not subscribe to any particular theoretical model....
a) technical eclecticism; b) theoretical integration; c) the common factors approach; d) the multifactoral polygenic approach
a) technical eclecticism
Rhoda has a habit of biting her nails when she becomes stressed. How might Freud explain her habit?
a) she regressed to the oral-passive phase of the oral stage; b) she is employing the defense of splitting; c) her ego is becoming too strong; d) she suffers from an unresolved Oedipus complex
a) she regressed to the oral-passive phase of the oral stage
Angela refuses to view herself as being jealous, and when her boyfriend mentions her jealousy, she views him as being hostile. Angela appears to be using the defense of:
a) sublimation; b) splitting; c) reaction formation; d) denial
b) splitting
The way a person relates to a caregiver figure is referred to as:
a) socialization; b) attachment style; c) avowal defensiveness; d) temperament
b) attachment style