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13 Cards in this Set

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3 functions related to child rearing of all familes in all societies
1) survival of offspring
2) economic function
3) Cultural training
Survival of offspring
a function of the family: help to ensure that children survive to maturity by attending to their physical needs, health needs, and safety
Economic function
families provide the means for children to acquire the skills and other resources they need to be economically productive in adulthood
Cultural training
a function of the family: families teach children the basic values in their culture.
Family dynamic
the way in which the family operates as a whole
socialization
process through which children acquire the values, standards, skills, knowledge, and beh that are regarded as appropriate for their present and future role in their particular culture.
3 ways parents can influence their children's development through socialization
1) parents as direct instructors - teach skills, rules, and strategies
2) parents as indirect socializers - day-to-day interactions with their children. thru their own beh, parents unintentionally demonstrate skills and communicate info and rules.
3) parents as providers and controllers of opportunities -
parenting sytles
parenting beh and attitudes that set the emotional climate in regard to parent-child interactions, such as parental responsiveness and demandingness

4 style:
1) authoritative
2) authoritarian
3) permissive
4) rejecting-neglecting/disengaged parenting
authoritative parents
parenting style that's high in demandingness and supportiveness. set clear standards and limites for their children and are firm about enforcing them. At the same time, they allow their children considera ble autonomy within those limits, are attentive and responsive to their children's concerns and needs, and respect and consider their child's perspective.
authoritarian parenting
parenting style that is high in demandingness and low in responsiveness. - are nonresponsive to their children's needs and tend to enforce their demands through the exercise of parental power and the use of threats and punishment. they are oriented toward obedience and authority and expect their children to comply with their demands w/out question or explanation.
permissive parentingq
a parenting sytle that is high in responsiveness but low in demandingness. {ermissive parents are responsive to their children's needs and do not require their children to regulate themselves or act in appropriate or mature ways.
rejecting-neglecting (disengaged) parenting
a p. style that is low in both responsiveness and demandingness. Rejecting-neglecting parents do not set limits for or monitor their children's beh, are not supportive of them, and sometimes are rejecting or neglectful. They tend to be focused on their own needs rather than their children's
bidirectionarlity of parent-child interactions
the idea that parents affect children's characteristics and beh and vice versa; both processes occur during parent-child interaction