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60 Cards in this Set

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Emotion
a response of the whole physiological arousal, expressive behaviors and conscious experience
James Lange Theory
the theory that our experience of emotion is our awareness of our physiological responses to emotion-arrousing stimuli
Cannon Bard Theory
the theory that an emotion-arrousing stimulus situltaneously triggers physiological responses and the subjective experience of emotion
two factory theory
schachter's theory that to experience emotion one must be physically arroused and cognitively label the arrousal
Catharsis
emotional release. In psyc the catharsis hypothesis maintains that releasing aggressive energu through action or fantasy relieves aggressive urges
feel good, do good phenomenon
people's tendency be helpful when already in a good mood
subjective well being
self percieved happiness or satisfaction with life. Used along with measures of objective well being to evaluate people's quality of life
relavitve deprivation
the perception that one is worse off relative to rhoes with whom one compares ones self
stress
the process by which we percieve and respond to certain events called stressors that we appraise as threatening or challenging
General adaptation syndrome
selye's concept of the body's adaptive response to stress in three stages- alarm resistance exhaustion
health psyc
a subfield of psyc that provides psyc contribution to behavioral medicine
coronary heart disease
the clogging of the vessles that nourish the heart muscle leading cause of death in many developed countries
Type A
Friedman and Rosenman's term for competitive, hard driving, impatient, verbally aggressive, and anger prone people
Type B
term for easy going and relaxed people
Psycophysiological illness
literally mind body illness; any stress related mind physical illness such as hypertension and headaches
lymphocytes
the 2 types of white blood cells that are in the immune system
arerobic exercise
sustained exercise that increses heart lung fitness; also may aleviate depression and anxiety
biofeed back
a system for electronically recording, amplifying, and feeding back information regarding a subtle psysiological state such as blood pressure or muscle tension
complementary and alternative medicine
unproven health care treatments not taught widely in medical schools, not used in hospitals, and not usually reimbursed by insurance companys
psycological disorders
a harmful dysfunction in which behavior is judged to be atypical, disturbing maladaptive, and unjustifyable
Medical Model
the concept that diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed trated and in most cases cured
biopyschosocial perspective
a contemporary perspective which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociolocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychologcal disorders
DSM-IV
a system for classifying psycological disorders
anxiety disorders
psycological disorders characterized by distressing persistant anxiety or maladaptive behaviors that reduce anxiety
generalized anxiety disorders
an anxiety disorders in which a person is continually tense, apprehensive, and in a state of autonomic nervous system arrousal
panic disorder
an anxiety disorder marked by minutes long episode if intense dread in which a person experiences terror and accompanying chest pain chocking and other frightning sensations
phobia
an anxiety disorder marked by a persistant irrational fear and avoidance of a specific object or situation
OCD
an anxiety disorder characterized by unwanted repetitive thoughts or actions
dissociative disorders
disorders in which conscious awareness becomes separated from previous memories thoughts and feelings
Dissoviative identity disorders
a rare disorder in which a person exhibits two or more distinct alternating personalitys (aka multipul personality disorder)
personality disorders
characerized by inflexable and induring behavioral patterns that impare social functioning
antisocial personality disorder
a personality disorder in which the person exhibits a lack of conscience for wrong doing even towards friends and family members
Mood Disorders
characterized by emotional extremes.
Major Depressive disorders
a mood disorder in which a person for no apparent reason experiences two or more weeks of depressed moods feelings of worthlessness and fininished interest or pleasure in most activities
Manic Episode
a mood disorder marked by a hyperactive wildly optimistic state
bipolar disorder
a mood disorder in which the person alternates b/tw the hopelessness and over excited state of mania
Schizo
a group of severe disorders characterized by disorganixed and delusional thinking, disturbed perceptions, and inappropriate emotions and actions
delusions
false beliefs often of persecution or grandeur that may accompany psychotic disorders
psycotherapy
an emotionally charged, confiding interaction between a trained therapist and someone who suffers from psycological difficulties
eclectic approach
an approach to psycotherapy that depending on the cloents problems uses techniques from various forms of therapy
psychoanalysis
the patients free associations, resistances, dreams, and transferances releases previously repressed feelings allowing the patient to gain self insite
resistance
the blocking from consciousness of anxiety laden material
interpretation
the analyst's noting supposed dream meanings resistances and other significant behaviors in order to premote insite
transference
the patients transfer to the analyst of emotions linked with other relationships
client centered therapy
a humanistic therapy in which the therapist uses techniques such as active listening within a genuine, accepting, empathic enviorment to facilitate clients growth
active listening
empathetic listening in which the listener echoes restates and clarifies
behavior therapy
therapy that applies learning principals to the elimination of unwanted behaviors
counterconditioning
a behavior therapy procedure that conditions new responses to stimuli that trigger unwanted behaviors
exposure therapy
behavioral techniques that treat anxieties by exposing people to things they fear and avoid
systematic desensitization
a type of counterconditioning that associated a pleasant relaxed state with gradually increasing anxiety triggering stimuli
aversive conditioning
associates an unpleasant state with unwanted behavior
token economy
an operant conditioning procedure that rewards desired behavior
cognative therapy
therapy that teaches people new, more adaptive ways of thinking and acting
cognative-behavioral therapy
a popular integrated therapy that combines cognative therapy with behavior therapy
family therapy
treats families as systems, attempts to guide family members towards positive relationships and improved communications
psychopharmacology
the study of the effects of drugs on mind and behavior
lithium
a chemical that provides an effective drug therapy for the mood swings of bipolar disorders
electroconvulsive therapy
a biomedical therapy for serverly depressed patients in which a brief electric current is sent through the brain of an anesthetized patient
psychosurgery
surgery that removes of destroys brain tissue in an effort to change behavior
lobotomy
a now rare procedure once used to calm uncontrolably emotional patients. It cut nerves that connect the frontal lobes