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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is meant by a developmental perspective with respect to abnormal behavior?
This looks at how behavioral problem interacts with the child as he grows.

What does the behavior look like in a 3 year old versus a 7 year old?
What factors interact to influence a child's behavior?
Environment, Adults, family, culture, social environment all interact to influence behavior.
How is abnormal behavior defined?
Check to see if the behavior violates developmental norms:
age at sit up, walk.

Check to see if it violates the normal sequence; does a child do things out of order?

Compare to Statistical norms in populations.

Consider situational norms and whether the behavior is maladaptive.
What are situational norms?
Cultural Norms
Personal Norms (family, origin of country)
What is maladaptive behavior?
Name 3 kinds.
Behavior is maladaptive if it interferes with the child or family life.

Excessive - tantrum, agression

insufficient - not enough good behavior (social skills)

Bizarre - OCD
What dimensions are used to describe children's disorders?
Social difficulties
Emotional difficulties
Cognitive difficulties
Motor Problems
What is comorbity?
Tells you what other disorders are associated with this disorder.

Eg: depression + anxiety commonly occur together.
What is epidemiology?
Prevalence of the disorder in certain populations

Eg: autism > in boys
What is etiology?
Cause or origin of the disorder. Considers how biological, psychological, and environmental processes interact to bring about an outcome.
What is the Diathesis-Stress Model?
Tells how abnormal behavior develops by looking at biological and genetic factors (nature) and life experiences (nurture).

There is an interaction between vulnerable hereditary predisposition and events in the environment.
In the Diathesis-Stress Model:

a)what is on the vertical axis?
c)what sitiuation is on the top left?
d)bottom right?
e)where do most people fall and what does this mean?
a)diathesis = nature = bio.
Even with 0 stress, you have the disorder (genetic).
b)stress = environment
c)strong diathesis = likely to develop disorder.
d)high stress
e)most people fall in the middle which means psychological problems are aquired through an interaction of biological and envirnmental variables.
What are Albee's main points in reading #2?
-Since stress is a major contributor to psychological problems, change society to reduce stress.

-Carter was going to address social and economic issues but the political atmosphere changed.

-Not sure of long term effect of today's medications
What are characteristics of a true experiment?
-Start with 2 equivalent groups (experimental group and control group).

-Manipulate an independent variable.
Why is Random Assignment used in Psychological Experiments?
Cannot get 2 equivalent groups for abnormal psychological research. People bring depression, personality, gender, and life experiences to the experiment. Try to distribute these characteristics equivalently across the groups.
Why are Psych Experiments not considered to be true experiments?
No random assignment.
What is illustrated by Jake's Problems in Chapter 2?
Interconnected factors contribute to psychlogical problems in children.

Abnormal child behavior involves biological, psychological, social, and cultural factors.
What is transaction?
The interaction of child and environment. Disorders emerge as a combination of factors interacting.
What is adaptational failure?
Failure to master or progress in accomplishing developmental milestones. Not usually due to a single cause. Consider abnormality in relation to multiple, interdependent causes, and major developmental changes that occur across the life cycle.
What is a paradigm?
A philosophical approach or framework.
What is the neurobiological view?
The brain and nervous system are the underlying causes of psychological disorders.

Neurobio ALSO incorporates environmental influences in accounting for disorders.
How does the environment influence the brain.
Nature creates the human brain and CNS.

Environment gives opportunities and limitations and influences the plan from the beginning.
T/F: Genes are a single cause of many disorders.
False. Genes are implicated but are not a single cause.
What is a gene and what does it do?
A gene is a stretch of DNA that produces a protein. The protein produces tendencies to react in certain ways.
What is the difference between monozygotic and dizygotic twins?
MZ - same set of genes
DZ - share about 1/2 genes
Most forms of abnormal child behavior involve a number of genes that interact with one another and with environmental influences to result in observed levels of impairment
True (p37 Text)