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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Personality
The distinct patterns of behavior, thoughts, and feelings that characterize a person's adjustment to the demands of life
Psychodynamic Theory
Descriptive of Freud's view that various forces move throught the personality and determine behavior
Preconscious
*in psychodynamic theory
the part of the mind whose contents are not in awareness but capable of being brought into awareness by focusing of attention
Unconscious
*in psychodynamic theory
the part of the mind whose contents are not available to ordinary awareness
Repression
*in psychodynamic theory
a defense mechanism that protects the person from anxiety by ejecting anxiety-evoking ideas and impulses from awareness
Psychoanalysis
Freud's method of exploring human personality
Resistance
A blocking of thoughts whose awareness could cause anxiety
Psychic Structure
*in psychodynamic theory
a hypothesized mental structure that helps explain different aspects of behavior
Id
The psychic structure, present at birth, that represents physiological drives and is fully unconscious (Latin "it")
Pleasure Principle
The guiding priciple of the id, directing pursuit of instant gratification of instinctual demands without regard to social requirements or needs of others
Ego
The second psychic structure to develop in the first year of life, characterized by self-awareness, planning, and the delay of gratification (Latin "I")
Reality Principle
The guiding principle of the ego, directing pursuit of satisfaction of instinctual demands within the constraints of social living
Defense Mechanism
*in psychodynamic theory
an unconscious function of the ego that protects if from anxiety-evoking material by preventing accurate recognition of this material
Superego
The third psychic structure, which functions as a moral guardian and sets forth high standards for behavior
Identification
*in psychodynamic theory
unconscious asumption of another person's behavior-usually the parent of the same gender
Eros
*in psychodynamic theory
the basic instinct to preserve and perpetuate life
Libido
*in psychodynamic theory
1. The energy of Eros; the sexual instinct 2. Generally, the sexual interest or drive
Erogenous Zone
An area of the body that is sensitive to sexual sensations
Psychosexual Development
*in psychodynamic theory
the process by which libidinal energy is expressed through different erogenous zones during different stanges of development
Oral Stage
The first stage of psychosexual development, during which gratification is hypothesized to be attained primarily through oral activities
Fixation
*in psychodynamic theory
A form of arrested development, marked by the appearance of traits associated with an earlier stage of psychosexual development
Anal Stage
The second stage of psychosexual development, when gratification is attained through anal activities
Testosterone
A male sexual hormone
Phallic Stage
The third stage of psychosexual development, characterized by a shift of libido ro the phallic region.
Oedipus Complex
A conflict of the phallic stage in which the boy wishes to prssess his mother sexually and perceives his fatehr as a rival in love
Electra Complex
A conflict of the phallic stage in which the girl longs for her father and resents her mother
Deplace
Transfer
Latency
A phase of psychosexual development characterized by repression of sexual impulses
Genital Stage
A phase of psychosexual development characterized by preferred expression of libido through intercourse within the context of marriage
Analytical Psychology
Jung's psychodynamic theory, which emphasizes the collective unconscious and archetypes