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53 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
ID
Freud's theory that the part o/t personality that hold's a persons basic sexual & aggressive impulses. These impulses are present at birth.
GENES
The basic unit of heredity. Each gene has a certain location on a chromosome.
GLIAL CELLS
Specialized cells in the brain that support neurons. Glial cells start to dvlp. in the fetal stage.
HABITUATION
Getting used to a stimulus. Such as an infant being able to sleep through the dog barking.
HUMAN DVLPMNT.
The scientific study of age-related chgs. in behavior, thinking, emotion, and personality.
FETAL STAGE
The 3rd stage of prenatal dlvpmnt from 9wk to birth. Growth and organ dlvpmnt take place during this stage.
EXPERIMENT
A study that tests a casual hypothesis. Such as testing the usefulness of a drug.
ETHOLOGY
The scientific study o/t behavior of animals in their natural habitat and in captivity.
ETHNOGRAPHY
A detailed description of a single culture based on observation. An observer lives in the culture for an extended period of time.
EMBRYONIC STAGE
The 2nd stage of prenatal dvlpmnt from wk 2 - 8. Organ sys dlvp in this stage.
ECOLOGICAL THEORY
Explains dvlpmnt in terms of relationships btw people and their environment.
DOMINANT-RECESSIVE PATTERN
A single dominant gene strongly influences phenotype. Blood type is determinied by this.
DISHABITUATION
Responding to a somewhat familiar stimulus as if it was new.
DEPENDENT VARIABLE
The behavior that the indpdt variable is expected to affect. Performance on memory tests is the depndt variable.
DEFENSE MECHANISM
Ways of thinking about a situation to reduce anxiety.
COLIC
An infant behavior pattern involving intense daily patterns of crying, 3 or more hr/day.
COHORT
Any group or band. A group of individuals that share a common experience at the same time.
CLASSIC CONDITIONING
Salivation happens when you smell your favorite food.
CHROMOSOMES
Strings of genetic mtl in the nuclei of cells. A linear strand of DNA.
CASE STUDY
An in-depth examination of an individual.
AMNION
Fluid-filled sac that protects the fetus until just B4 it's born.
ACCOMMODATION
Changing a scheme as a result of some new info. We improve skills & reorganize our way of thinking.
LEARNING THEORIES
Learning through association of stimuli. Such as, a baby putting things in their mouth that they find unpleasant.
LIBIDO
The driving force for human behavior. Drive for physical pleasure present at birth.
LOW BIRTH WT
Newborn weighing less than 5.5lbs. LBW babies are likely to have respiratory problems.
MATURATION
Rapid chgs in motor skills that babies undergo. It occurs naturally according to the infants own timetable of dvlpmnt.
MYELINATION
Dlvpmnt of myelin sheaths around axons. Improves conductivity of the axon.
NATURE-NURTURE CONTROVERSY
The debate over whether intelligence and other traits are primarily the result of heredity or environment.
NEO-PIAGETION THEORY
Uses info-processing principles to explain Piagets stages. Older children & adults can solve complex problems easier than youngsters, because their short-term memories hold more info.
NEURONS
A specialized cell of the nervous sys. A neuron has a soma, dendrites, and and axon.
NORMS
Avg age at which dvlpmnt milestones are reached. The basis of which test scores are evaluated from previous students.
OPERANT CONDITIONING
Learning to repeat or stop behaviors, because of their consequences. Hearing the phone ring & worring that it's a bill collector.
ORGANOGENESIS
Process of organ dvlpmnt from embryonic tissues.
PHENOTYPE
May be observable such as eye color, or only detected with tests, such as blood type.
PLASTICITY
The ability o/t brain to chg in response to trauma or illness.
PREFERENCE TECHNIQUE
A research method in which a researcher keeps track of how long a baby looks at each of 2 objects shown.
PRUNING
The process of eliminating unused synapses. Such as, once a baby learns to walk he is less likely to go back to crawling.
PSYCOLANALYTIC THEORIES
The roll of emotions, unconscious motivations, and early childhood experiences.
INDPT VARIABLE
A variable that the researcher manipulates to fing out if it causes chg in a behavior or condition.
INFANT MORTALITY
Death w/i the 1st yr of life. Congenital abnormalities & low birth wt are a major cause.
VISUAL ACUITY
How well a person sees details at a distance. Normal vision is 20/20.
TRACKING
The smooth movements of the eye used to follow the track of a moving object. When driving, you track the cars around you.
SYNAPSE
The jct where the axon terminal communicates w/a rec neuron across the synaptic cleft.
SUPEREGO
Term for the part o/t personality that is the moral judge.
STATE OF CONSCIOUSNESS
The five diff states of sleep & wakefulness in infants.
SOCIOBIOLOGY
Study of society using the methods & concepts of biology. Knowing right from wrong when a peer tells you to steal.
SOCIAL CLOCK
A set of age norms in a culture that determines when you start school or retirement
SCHEME
A systematic program for attaining some end. A secret plan.
SIDS
Sudden infant death syndrome is when an infant dies suddenly & unexpectedly when they appeared to be healthy.
RETICULAR FORMATION
A structure in the brainstem that plays a crucial role in arousal and attention.
RESEARCH ETHICS
The guidelines researchers follow to protect the rights of animals used in the research and the humans who participate in the study.
PSYCHOSOCIAL STAGES
People go thru 8 stages which is defined by a conflict with the persons relationship with the social environment.
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES
5 stages that centers on a particular part of the body that provides pleasurable sensations.