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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Attachment
The emotional tie to a parent experienced by an infant, from which the child feels security.
Attachment Theory
The view that the ability and need to form an attachment relationship early in life are genetic characterists of all human beings.
Subjective self
An infants awareness that they are a separate person.
Secure attachment
A pattern of attachment when an infant readily separates from the parent.
Theory of the mind
A set of ideas constructed by a person to explain other people's ideas, beliefs, desires, and behavior.
Aggression
Behavior intended to harm another person or object.
Gender identity
The ability to correctly label oneself and others as male or female.
Permissive parenting style
A style of parenting that is high in nurturance and low in maturity demands, control, and communication.
Achievement test
A test designed to asses specific information learned in school.
Adolescense
The transitional period between childhood and adolescence.
Anorexia nervosa
An eating disorder involving self-starvation.
Avoidant attachment
A pattern of attachment when an infant avoids contact w/t parent and shows no preference for the parent over other people.
Disorganized attachment
A pattern of attachment when an infant seems confused or apprehensive. Moves twd the mother w/o looking at her.
Ambivalent attachment
A pattern of attachment when an infant is very upset when the mom leaves him with a babysitter.
Intelligence quotient (IQ)
A number intended to indicate a person's intellegence, based on a test.
Overregularization
When 3 to 4 yr olds create past tenses such as "wented" or plurals such as "teeths".
Emotional Regulation
The ability to control emotional states and emotion-related behavior.
Gender Schema Theory
An info-processing approach to gender concept dvplmnt that asserts that people use a schema for ea. gender to process info about themselves and others.
Social-cognitive Theory
Social and personality dvlpmnt in early childhood are related to improvements in the cognitive domain.
Learning Disability
A disorder when a child has difficulty mastering a specific academic skill, even though they have normal intelligence and no physical or sensory handicaps.
ADHD
A mental disorder that causes children to have difficulty attending to and completing tasks.
Primary Sexual Characteristics
The sex organs; ovaries, uterus, vagina (female); testes and penis (male).
Secondary Sexual Characteristics
The breast in females and pubic hair in both sexes.
Personality
A pattern of responding to people and objects in the environment.
Temperment
Inborn predispositions, such as activity level, that form the foundations of personality.
Centration
The young child's tendency to think of the world in terms of one variable at a time.
Hippocampus
A struction in the brain that is important in learning.
Metacognition
Knowledge about how the mind thinks and the ability to control and reflect on your own thought processes.
Empathy
The ability to identify with another person's emotional state.
Social Skills
A set of behaviors that usually lead to being accepted as a play partner or friend by peers.
Obesity
Body wt. that is 20% or more above the normal wt. for ht. Body mass index higher than that of most children of the same age.
Dyslexia
Problems in reading or the inability to read.
Menarche
The beginning of the mentral cycle.
Bulima
An eating disorder involving bing eating and pruging.
Ability Goals
Goals based on a desire to be superior to others.