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50 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
22.What is the median number of work days lost due to work injury or illness by age according to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics?
10 days
What are five phases of retirement
the decision itself,
the act of retirement
continual adjustment
further decisions about structuring life
activity patters
Did people have retirement 100 years ago?
Only 30%
What are the two theories that have opposite predictions in terms of individuals participation in society after retirement
role theory
continuity theory of retirement
What are the gender differences in the retirement experience found by Quick & Moen?
Women spend time with relatives involved in organization work.
Mens- socialize with pre-retirement friends
What is the definition of a psychological disorder?
Behaviors that lie outside the range of ordinary.
2.In what way are disorders diagnosed
using the Diagnostic and statistical manual
What is DSM-IV?
4th edition Diagnostic and statistical manual
How is the Axis I disorder distinguished from the Axis II disorder?
Axis I are clinical syndromes Axis II are personality disorder's
scientific study of the causes
The total number of cases in a given population at a specific time.
3 disorders with the highest prevalence
Simple Phobia
Cognitive Impairment
what are the examples of mood disorders?
Depressive, bipolar disorder's, medical mood disorder's, substance induced disorders
What is the prevalence of major depressive disorders for men and women over the course of adulthood (Kessler et al., 1994)?
10.Gatz and others asked if older people are more depressed (Gatz et al., 1990); what was their answer?
Older people are less depressed
11.Do older people tend to report symptoms of depression differently from middle aged people (King & Markus, 2000)
they think theirs something wrong with their bodies
How is late-onset-depression different from major depression
its late mild depression.
What are the major symptoms of each of the seven anxiety disorders listed in the textbook?
Panic disorder
specific phobia
Social phobia
Obsessive compulsive disorder
Post traumatic stress disorder
specific phobia
-fear of a particular object ie fear of snakes
How are schizophrenia and paraphrenia diagnosed?
Presence of dillusions
impairment in daily life
duration more then 6 months
What are the three clusters under Axis II disorder?
Cluster A, paranoid, odd personality
Cluster B, antisocial, behavior problems
Cluster C, anxious fearful behavior
What substances are used by older people?
Alcohol, prescription drugs
What is the relationship between age and antisocial personality disorder (Hapur & Hare, 1994 )
increase in antisocial behavior
17.What is Whitbourne's interpretation on the connection between the decline of antisocial behavior and the decline of the number of prisoners as a function of age
What are the types of elder abuse?
Neglect, Emotional, physical, financial, abandonment
Are older-elderly more likely to be victimized than the younger-elderly (Figure 11.6)
Who are most likely to commit suicide in the US, given age, race, and gender?
White males 85+
What are the characteristics of the 6 psychotherapies
Cognitive Behavioral
What does Butler (1974) propose in treating older people?
Life review therapy- helping them rework past experiences with the goal of gaining acceptance of previous life events.
What are the findings of studies on the effects of treatment (Thompson et al., 1987; King & Markus, 2000; Scogin et al., 1992)?
its effective
What is mortality?
Ultimate dependent variable in aspects of health
What are the three leading causes of death among the elderly
infectious diseases circulatory AIDS
How does Atchley (2000) characterize the current death ethos in the US?
Invisible death, denial.
What are the changes of death ethos throughout the course of Western history (Aries, 1981 )?
middle ages- tame accepted
1700's punishment
1800's glorified
How is death with dignity defined (Humphrey, 1991)?
physician assisted suicide
What is the difference between physician-assisted suicide and euthanasia
euthanasia direct killing of patient.
pretty much the same.
What is a dying trajectory
rate of decline in functioning prior to death.
What are the five stages of dying
What does Marshall (1980) propose in providing an alternative view of the dying process.
Accepting that life is finite
What does the SUPPORT study show
prefer to die at home, pain,
What is palliative care?
Comfort care
When was hospice in the CS officially recognized?
What are the psychological experiences associated with bereavement (Lichtenstein et al., 1996)?
dreaming, sensing, illusions
Do younger and older people respond to bereavement in similar ways (Stroebe er al., 1987)
younger suffer more negative
What are the sex differences in bereavement
Men are 12 times higher then women are at risk
What does Kastenbaum (1999) propose in coping with the experience of bereavement?
Continued attachment.
social indicator model
Demographics account for differences in well being
What are the three components of subjective well-being?
Positive affect
negative affect
life satisfaction
In what way does Simonton ( 1997) expand Lellman's work answer this questions using figure l 3 .7)? are the conclusions from these two researchers drastically different?
Goes up in middle age then down at older age.
What is the swan song phenomenon (Simonton 1 989.
brief renewal of creativity that can stimulate the creation of new works