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11 Cards in this Set

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what are 5 models?
medical
behavioral
cognitive
psychoanalytic
family systemic
Medical model
psychological disorders have organic (biological) cause
Behavioral model
Psychological disorder is maladaptive beh; all beh develop thru basic learning principles
Empirical research
Principles of learning= respondant conditioning, operant conditioning
Social Learning Theory (reciprocity)
Cognitive model
Piaget/schemas=assimilation, accomodation, equilibrium
Cognitive dev't occurs in set of stages; higher forms of thought cant develop unless lower ones have already
Family Systemic model
individual's personality determined by family system; each member has role, maintain homeostasis
Subsystems
Clear/flexible boundaries
Psychoanalytic model
Structural model: id,ego,superego
Ego Psych: Psychosocial dev't
Object Relations: attachment, separation
Dev't Psychopathology
multiple contexts
Individual(biological, cognitive, self, temperament, gender)
Family
Social
Cultural

continuum b/w normal and abnormal dev't
pathways
equifinality= different causes that can equal same result
Multiderministic=different influences (combinations) can lead to 1 disorder
Multifinality= 1 problem leads to other problems
DSM Axis
Axis I: Clinical
Axis II: Pervasive
Axis III: Medical conditions
Axis IV:Psychosocial/Enviornment
Axis V: Global Assessment, Overall Functioning

Scale 0-100; 100=very adaptive
Problems w/ DSM
Heterogeneity: not all the same; categorical leads to more heterogenoity in group
Transactional: doesnt consider how child/enviornment interact
Developmental: doesnt look at why beh. is occuring or dev't progression
Cultural/ethnic diversity
Enuresis
3 types: nocturnal, dirurnal, mixed
Primary=kids who have never controlled their wetting for extended periods
Secondary=re-emergence of wetting after continuous control of 6 mos or longer