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11 Cards in this Set

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DSM Criteria
Impairments in all 3 areas of Social Interaction, Communication, Stereotyped/Restricted interests.
Onset in @ least 1 area prior to age 3.
Social Interactions
Nonverbal behavior
Peer relations
Joint attention(lack of shared experiences)
Lack of social/emo. reciprocity
1.aloof(isolated in bubble)
2.passive
3.odd(interested in ppl but lack social comprehension)
Communication
Idiosyncratic speech-no purpose,memorize phrases
Delayed or lack of spoken language
Pronoun reversal
Monotone
Play lacks social and symbolic functioning
Stereotyped Behavior
Preoccupied w/ parts of objects
Need for sameness/routine
Repetitive motor movements
Characteristics
Age of onset by 3
Prevalence: rare, 5/10,000
more boys
No ethnic differences
80% also MR
Associated with MR,seizures, sensitivity to sensory experiences, Savants (rare)
Etiology
Biological: birth complications, viruses, immunizations (not likely)
Genetic: some link, but not definite
Neurological abnormalities (increased brain size)
Cognitive Deficits
Cognitive Deficits
Language-poor, monotone
Executive Functions- poor (organization, planning)
Social Reasoning-only know what supposed to do, not why.
Theory of Mind: lack of awareness taht somebody else has thoguhts that differ from yours.
Klinger Integrative Dev't Model
Genetic markers--> neuroanatomical abnormalities--> info-processing impairments --> behavioral symptoms
Intervention
1.Focal intervention-specific deficits (social interactions)
2.Increase general level of functioning.
generalization skills, low staff-to-student ratio, high level of family involvment, skills for transition to regular school.
Lovaa's Behavior Modification Program
Relies on imitation and reinforcement.
Intensive Behavioral therapy
Parents trained to use operant conditioning
TEACCH
Principles of normal language acquistion/ development
Highly structures the child's environment to build stregnth and minimize deficits