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11 Cards in this Set

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latent learning
animals learn their enviorment and learn with reinforcement. learn the "lay of the land"; animal gradually devlops picture of enviornment
cognitive maps
mental representation of a spatial arrangement, like a maze.
internal locus of control
tend to believe they are responsible for what happens to them (did well on test- im smart)
external locus of control
tend to believe they are victims of luck, fate or others (did poorly on test- test was stupid)
clinical interviews
most widley used; both verbal and nonverbal. need to be empathetic, nonjudgemental, and genuine.

unstructured (based on what patient says); allows interviewer freedom, flexible. realiability and validity may be reduced

structured (questions); standardized format, reduces inferences, increased reliability, can reduce clinical judgement.
psychological inventories
highly structured, minimal choice in responses- typically true/false; highly reliable, easy to administer and high volume, validity varies
projective test
ambiguous stimuli presented to subject, tap into conscious processes
strengths and weaknesses of rorschach test
10 bilaterally symmetrical inkblot; responses scored on the nature of the object and its form.
scoring: location, determinants, form quality, special scores.
types of info: depth of pathology, reality testing, thought organization, affective/coping styles, tolerance for stress, emotional controls interpersonal style

potentional to make attributional errors, illusory correlations predominate, poor reliabilty, questionable validity
DSM clusters for personality disorders
Cluster A (odd-eccentric): paranoid, schizoid, shizotypal
Cluster B(dramatic-emotional): histrionice,borderline, antisocial, narcissistic
Cluser C (anxious-fearful): avoidant, dependent, obsessive-compulsive
borderline personality disorder
border b/w neurosis and psychosis. self-defeating interpersonal relationships, emo.instability, poor impulse control, chronic anger and frequent outburts, suicidality,

essential feature: instabililty of self-image, interpersonal relatioships, mood, beginning in adolescence or early adulthood
reasons for self-mutilation
Turn psychic pain into physical pain (distraction)
Show others how bad feeling
Release pent up anger,guilt or stress
Self-punishment
Decrease dissociation (pain makes us feel alive and real)
show self-control
claims of analgesia (absense of pain)