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9 Cards in this Set

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chinese ideology exposure
affective responses dont need cognitive processing
Lazarus' reply to Zajonc
Zajonc had faulty definition appraisal: doesnt have to be conscious, deliberate and rational (ie, Arnold's def)

what Lazarus calls appraisal and what Zajonc calls preference may be same thing
differences b/w Lazarus and Zajonc
Zajonc only addresses simple affective judgments, ie like/dislike

Zajonc doesnt address cognitive processes necessary to evoke anger, sadness, fear, love or whether cognition would be necessary there

maybe Z right about simple, evaluative responses; maybe L right about complex, differentiated emotional responses
Oatley and Johnson-Laird
emotions=heuristics

emotion imposes organization on nervous system consistent with function of emotion

thus we respond to personally-relevant event or stimulus in environment in adaptive manner
Oatley Johnson computational model of cognition
2 levels of cognitive processing
-propositional (factual info)
-nonpropositional (modes) triggered by perception/appraisal of survival/goal related info (internal or external)

emotions= modes of a readiness to respond in adaptive fashion
oatley and johnson basic emotions
=modes relevant to goal attainment

happiness: satisfaction, goal approach is according to plan
anger: or frustration, goal approach is obstructed
disgust: contamination
fear: self-preservation goal takes priority
sadness: goal-approach has become impossible
Averill
social-constructivist perspective

emotions as cultural products that owe meaning and coherence to learned social rules
socially constituted syndrome
subjective experiences
expressive reactions
physiological responses
coping behavior

(altho sufficient to define single instance of an emotion, none necessary for emotion to occur)

learned social roles associated with diverse components in a syndrome
role of appraisal
appraisal theory 1 step further - nature of our appraisals is determined via cultural learning

thus, emotion cant be understood outside its role in social function--> emotion is learned phenomena, no true universals