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12 Cards in this Set

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Fear
unpleasant or aversive state in response to a specific object or situation
innate fear
respond by directly aversing stimulation
acquired fear
initiates behavior to prevent/avoid pain
Watson's Little Albert
classically conditioned fear
from stimulus generalization
two-factor theory of avoidance
1. classical conditioning to CS
2. reinforcement of the avoidance response through fear reduction
suppression ratio
cs responses/
cs resp. + pre- cs. resp
Conditioning problems
OCD
phobias
ocd
obsessive compulsive disorder
clensing rituals, bulimia
therapy- flooding
phobias
irrational feaer of specific objects/situations
therapy- systematic desensitization
evolved fear
snakes trigger phobia (adaptive)
animals w/o fear watching videotaped animals w/ fear develop that fear
*fear more easily conditioned by stimuli that were threats to ansestors
scale of preparedness
different things are easier/harder to condition an association
SSDRs
species-specific defensive response- use defense responses you already have, not learn new ones