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19 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
evolution & development of a species over time
phylogeny
development of the individual organism throughout its lifetime
ontogeny
decrease in intensity of response to a repeatedly presented stimulus
habituation
a permanent change in behavior brought about by experience
learning
charicteristic of organisms possessing a nervous system that benefits little from eperience
closed genetic program
charicteristic of organisms possessing a nervous system capable of being modified by experience (learning)
open genetic program
highly stereotyped, inborn behavior patterns involving multiple muscle systems
fixed-action patterns
collection of inborn responses to specific stimuli and common to all humans at birth
neo-natal responses
"knowledge or thinking"
cognition
are humans open or closed genetic program?
open
an explanation is accepted only after other explanations have been rulled out
skepticism
knowledge should be sought primarily through the process of logical reasoning
rationalism
Who was a rationalist?
Descartes
all human knowledge is derived from experience; tabula rasa
empiricism
who was an empiricist?
Locke
uses experimentation on observable behavior, private events are not accessible
methodologocal behaviorism
who was a methodological behaviorist?
Watson
experimentation on behavior, private events can be studied and are necessary
radical behaviorism
who was a radical behaviorist?
Skinner