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30 Cards in this Set

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Preoperational Stage
(2-7yrs)Children in this stage are rigid and illogical because they lack mental operations necessary for logical thought.These mental operations prevent them from thinking logically.
ORGANIZATION
INTEGRATION OF KNOWLEDGE INTO A SYS TO MAKE SENSE OF THE ENVIRONMENT
IRREVERSIBILITY
RECOGNIZE THAT NOT ALL CHANGES ARE PERMANENT
EQULIBRIUM
THE TENDENCY TO STRIVE FOR BALANCE AMONG COGNITIVE ELEMENTS W/IN THE ORGANISM & BET THE ORGANISM AND THE OUTSIDE WORLD
PERCEPTION BOUND
MORE DECISIONS BASED ON THE WAY THINGS LOOK OR APPEAR
COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE
VIEW OF DEVELOPMENT THAT IS CONCERNED W/ THOUGHT PROCESSES AND THE BEHAVIOR THAT REFLECTS THOSE PROCESSES
TRANSDUCTIVE REASONING
NO CAUSALITY-CAUSE/EFFECT RELATIONSHIP.CAUSE ALWAYS PRECEDES THE EFFECT
HOW DID PIAGET VIEW CHILDREN
AS ACTIVE, GROWING, BEINGS W/ THEIR OWN INTERNAL IMPULSES & PATTERNS OF DEVELOPMENT
CENTRATION
TENDENCY TO FOCUS NARROWLY ON 1 ASPECT PART OF SITUATION AND IGNORING OTHER RELATIVE EVIDENCE (HAVE PROB INTEGRATING 2 PIECES OF INFO AT SAME TIME)
ASSIMILATION
INCORPORATION OF NEW INFO INTO AN EXISTING COGNITIVE STRUCTURE
SOCIOCENTRIC
OPPOSITE OF EGOCENTRIC.PIAGET UNDERESTIMATES CHILD'S CAPACITY OF SOCIOCENTRIC THOUGHTS
ADAPTATION
ADJUSTMENT TO NEW INFO ABOUT THE ENVIRONMENT THROUGH THE COMPLEMENTARY PROCESSES OF ASSIMILATION & ACCOMADATION
EGOCENTRISM
SEE SELVES AS CENTER OF UNIVERSE.INABILITY TO TAKE THE POINT OF VIEW OF THE OTHER
SCHEMES
BASIC COGNITIVE STRUCTURES CONSISTING OF ORGANIZED PATTERNS OF BEHAVIOR USED IN DIFFERENT KINDS OF SITUATIONS
RE-EMERGENCE OF EGOCENTRISM WAS EXP BY
ELKIND
ACCOMADATION
CHANGES IN AN EXISTING COGNITIVE STRUCTURE TO INCLUDE NEW INFO
PERSONAL FABLE
IN ELKIND'S TERMINOLOGY, CONVICTION THAT ONE IS SPECIAL, UNIQUE,& NOT SUBJECT TO THE RULES THAT GOVERN THE REST OF THE WORLD
EXP OF SCHEMES
AN INFANT HAS A SCHEME FOR SUCKING BUT SOON DEV VARIED SCHEMES FOR HOW TO SUCK AT THE BREAST,BOTTLE,OR A THUMB
CONSERVATION
ABILITY TO RECOGNIZE THAT EQUAL QUANTITIES OF MATTER REMAIN EQUAL IN (LENGTH,AREA,VOL,#).AS LONG AS NOTHING IS ADDED OR TAKEN AWAY
EXP OF ASSIMILATION
A BREAST OR BOTTLE FED BABY WHO BEGINS TO SUCK ON THE SPROUT OF A SIPPY CUP
HYPOTHETICAL-DEDUCTIVE REASONING
ABILITY,BELIEVED BY PIAGET,TO ACCOMPANY THE STATE OF FORMAL OPERATIONS,TO DEVELOP,CONSIDER,AND TEST HYPOTHESIS
ASSIMILATION AND ACCOMODATION WORK TOGETHER TO PRODUCE
EQUILIBRIUM AND COGNITIVE GROWTH
IN VOLUME STUDY,PAPALIA FOUND THAT 50% OF HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS_
CANNOT CONSERVE VOLUME
PIAGET BELIEVED THAT COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT BEGINS WITH
AN INBORN ABILITY TO ADAPT TO THE ENVIRONMENT
KOHLBERG AND GILLIAN FOUND 35% OF ADULTS NEVER ACHIEVED __BASED ON PENDULUM TASK
FORMAL THOUGHTS
HORIZONTAL DECALAGE
INABILITY OF CHILD TO TRANSFER WHAT HE KNOWS ABOUT 1 KIND OF CONSERVATION TO ANOTHER (EVEN THOUGH UNDERLYING OPERATIONS ARE THE SAME)
FORMAL OPERATIONS
(PIAGET):THE FINAL STAGE OF COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT, CHARACTERIZED BY THE ABILITY TO THINK ABSTRACTLY
CONSERVATION INVOLVES
NUMBER,LIQUID,SUBSTANCE
IMAGINARY AUDIENCE
IN ELKIND'S TERMINOLOGY,AN OBSERVER WHO EXISTS ONLY IN AN ADOLESCENTS MIND & IS CONCERNED W/ THE ADOLESCENTS THOUGHTS & ACTIONS AS THE ADOLESCENT IS
ABSTRACT CONCEPT FORMATION
MOVEMENT FROM PARTICULAR TO THE GENERAL REQUIRES INDUCTIVE REASONING.-FORMAL CONCEPTS BY REGARDING ONLY THE PROPERTIES OBJECTS HAVE IN COMMON & DISREGARDING PROPERTIES THAT ARE NOT COMMON OR SHARED