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17 Cards in this Set

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deontological ethics
ethics judges in light of universal moral code.
disregard circumstances
ethical skepticism
ethical rules relative to culture and time
matter of individual's conscience, do what he thinks is right and refrain from doing what he thinks is wrong
utilitarian
ethics depend on consequences of action
benefits should outweigh costs
Neal Miller
supported animal use
contributions to behavioral research
ethical problems in science
1.dishonesty: fabrication, falsification, plagarism
2.questionable research practices
3.inappropriate behavior
external validity
extent to which results can be generalized to different populations, settings and conditions
time sampling
representative samples by choosing various time interals for their observations

intervales chosen systematically, randomly or both
situation sampling
observing behavior in different locations and under as many different circumstanes and conditions as possible

reduce chances that results are peculiar to certain est of circumstances or conditions
structured observation
observer intervenes to cause an event or set up a situation so event can be recorded more easily

must have similar procedure everytime
populatoin
set of all cases of interest
sampling frame
specific list of members of a populatoin in order to select subset
operation def. of populaion of interest
sample
subset of population actually drawn from sampling frame
element
each member of the population
representativeness
ability to generalize from a sample to a population
ordering of questions
self administered: begin w/ most interesting, demographic at end
personal interview: demographic at beginning
funnel questions
start w/ most general question and move to more specific
filtering questions
general questions asked to see whether they need to be asked more specific questions