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25 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
psychotherapy
Treatment designed to help people deal with mental, emotional, or behavioral problems.
biomedical therapies
Biologically based treatments for reducing or eliminating the symptoms of psychological disorders.
antipsychotic drugs
medications that reduce the positive symptoms of schizophrenia.
antidepressant drugs
Medications that modulate the availability or effectiveness of the neurotransmitters implicated in mood disorders.
antianxiety drugs
Medications that reduce tension and anxiety.
electroconvulsive therapy (ECT)
A treatment used primarily for depression in which a brief electric current is delivered to the brain.
psychosurgery
Surgery that destroys or alters tissues in the brain in an effort to affect behavior.
insight therapies
Treatments designed to give clients self-knowledge, or insight, into the contents of their thought processes.
psychoanalysis
Freud's method of treatment that attempts to bring hidden impulses and memories, which are locked in the unconscious, to the surface of awareness, thereby freeing the patient from disordered thought and behaviors.
free association
A technique used in psychoanalysis to explore the contents of the unconscious; patients are asked to freely express whatever thoughts and feelings happen to come into their minds.
dream analysis
A technique used in psychoanalysis; Freud believed that dreams are symbolic and contain important information about the unconscious.
resistance
In psychoanalysis, a patient's unconsciously motivated attempts to subvert or hinder the process of therapy.
transference
In psychoanalysis, the patient's expression of thoughts or feelings toward the therapist that are actually representative of the way the patient feels about other significant people in his life.
cognitive therapies
Treatments designed to remove irrational beliefs and negative thoughts that are presumed to be responsible for psychological disorders.
rational-emotive therapy
A form of cognitive therapy in which the therapist acts as a kind of cross-examiner, verbally assaulting the client's irrational thought process.
humanistic therapy
Treatments designed to help clients gain insight into their fundamental self-worth and value as human beings.
client-centered therapy
A form of humanistic therapy proposing that it is the client, not the therapist, who holds the key to psychological health and happiness; the therapist's role is to provide genuineness, unconditional positive regard, and empathy.
group therapy
A form of therapy in which several people are treated simultaneously in the same setting.
family therapy
A form of group therapy in which the therapist treats the family as whole, as a kind of social system. The goals of the treatment are often to improve interpersonal communication and collaboration.
behavioral therapies
Treatments designed to change behavior through the use of established learning techniques.
systematic desensitization
A technique that uses counterconditioning and extinction to reduce the fear and anxiety that have become associated with a specific objector event.
aversion therapy
A treatment for replacing a positive reaction to a harmful stimulus, such as alcohol, with something negative, such as feeling nauseated. Aversion therapy replaces positive associations with negative ones, such as making a smoker feel bad rather than good after having a cigarette.
token economy
A type of behavioral therapy in which patients are rewarded with small tokens when they act in an appropriate way; the tokens can then be exchanged for certain privileges.
meta-analysis
A statistical technique used to compare findings across many different research studies; comparisons are based on some common evaluation measure, such as the difference between treatment and control conditions.
spontaneous remission
Improvement in a psychological disorder without treatment--that is, simply as a function of the passage of time.