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15 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The science of behavior and mental processes.
Erroneous assertions or practices set forth as being scientific psychology.
Confirmation bias
The tendency to attend to evidence that complements and confirms our beliefs or expectations, while ignoring evidence that does not.
Experimental psychologists
Psychologists who do research on basic psychological processes-- as contrasted with applied psychologist; also called research psychologists.
Applied psychologists
Psychologists who use the knowledge developed by experimental psychologists to solve human problems.
A medical specialty dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders.
A historical school of psychology devoted to uncovering the basic structures that make up mind and thought. Structuralists sought the "elements" of conscious experience.
The process of reporting on one's own conscious mental experiences.
A historical school of psychology that believed mental processes could best be understood in terms of their adaptive purpose and function.
Gestalt Psychology
A historical school of psychology that sought to understand how the brain works by studying perception and perceptual learning. Gestalt psychologists believed that percepts consists of meaningful wholes.
A historical school that has sought to make psychology an objective science that focused only on behavior-- to the exclusion of mental processes.
An approach to psychology based on Sigmund Freud's assertions, which emphasize unconscious processes. The term is used to refer broadly both to Freud's psychoanalytic theory and the his psychoanalytic treatment method.
Biological view
The psychological perspective that searches for the causes of behavior in the functioning of genes, the brain and nervous system, and the endocrine system.
The field devoted to understanding how the brain creates thoughts, feelings, motives, consciousness, memories, and other mental processes.
Evolutionary psychology
A relatively new specialty in psychology that sees behavior and mental processes in terms of their genetic adaptations for survival and reproduction.