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11 Cards in this Set

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define LEARNING
def.: an enduring change in behavior that results from experience
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occurs when organism benefit from experience so that their future behavior is better adapted to the environment
define (the process of) CONDITIONING
def.: the process in which environmental stimuli and some sort of behavioral response become connected
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2 types of conditioning
name & define the
2 types of CONDITIONING
1) CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
def. a type of learned response that occurs when a neutral object comes to elicit a reflexive response when it is associated with a stimulus that already produce that response
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occur when two types of events goes together, i.e. walking in the rain and getting wet
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2) OPERANT CONDITIONING
def.: a learning process in which the consequence of an action determine the likelihood that it will be performed in the future
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occurs when we learn that a behavior leads to a particular outcome, i.e. studying leads to better grades
UR, US, CS, & CR
are CONCEPTS of:
classical conditioning
define UNCONDITIONED RESPONSE (UR)
def.: a response that does not have to be learned, such as a reflex
define UNCONDITIONED STIMULUS (US)
def.: a stimulus that elicits a response, such as a reflex, without any prior learning
define CONDITIONED STIMULUS (CS)
def.: a stimulus that elicits a response after learning has taken place
define CONDITIONED RESPONSE (CR)
def.: a response that has been learned
Although CR and UR are essentially the same response, they are not exactly alike. What is the difference?
typically UR is less intense than CR
PAVLOV
1)physiologist
2) main research interest: salivary reflex of animal
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observation: dogs salivated before they actually got the food
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est'd concept of conditioning and attributed that to the learning process
briefly explain PAVLOV'S STUDY
1) present 2 stimuli together:
.one naturally eliciting salivation
.one does not normally elicit salivation
2) pair the two stimuli repeatedly
3) present only the stimulus that doe not usually elicit salivation
4) salivation occurs
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result: association of food w/bowl to elicit salivary reflex is a learned response