Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

50 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Abridge (v)
Because the publishers fl the public wanted a shorter version of War and Pease, they proceeded to abridge the novel.Condense or shorten
Advocate (v)
Noted abolitionists such as Frederick Douglass and Sojourner Truth advocated the eradication of the Southern institution of slavery.Urge; plead for
Antagonistic (adj)
Despite his lawyers’ best efforts to stop him, the angry prisoner continued to make antagonistic remarks to the judge.Hostile; opposed
Civil (adj)
Although Internal Revenue Service agents are civil servants, they are not always civil to suspected tax cheats. Having to do with citizens or the state, courteous and polite.
Conscientious (adj)
A conscientious editor, she checked every definition of its accuracy.Careful
Derivative (adj)
Although her early poetry was clearly derivative in nature, the critics felt she had promise and eventually would find her own voice.Unoriginal; derived from another source
Dispel (v)
The bright sunlight eventually dispelled the morning mist.Drive away’ scatter
Ebb (v)
His fortunes began to ebb during the recession.Recede; lessen.
Exploit (n)
Raoul Wallerberg was noted for his exploits in rescuing Jews from Hitler’s forces.Deed or action, particularly a brave deed.
Frugality (n)
In economically hard times, those who do not learn to practice frugality risk bankruptcy. Thrift; economy
Hedonist (n)
A thoroughgoing hedonist, he considered only his own pleasure and ignored any claims others had on his money or time.One who believes that pleasure is the sole aim in life.
Ignominy (n)
To lose the ping-pong match to a trained chimpanzee! How could Rolla stand the ignominy of his defeat?Deep disgrace; shame or dishonor.
Incessant (adj)
In a famous TV commercial, the frogs’ incessant croaking goes on and on until eventually it turns out into a single world: “bud-weis-er”Uninterrupted; unceasing.
Innate (adj)
Mozart’s parents soon recognized young Wolfgang’s innate talent for music.Inborn
Intractable (adj)
Charlie Brown’s friend Pigpen was intractable: he absolutely refused to take a bath.Unruly, stubborn, unyielding
Meek (adj)
Can Lois Lane see through Superman’s disguise and spot the superhero hiding behind the guise of meek, timorous Clark Kent?Quiet and obedient; spiritless
Muted (adj)
In the funeral parlor, the mourners’ voices had a muted quality.Silent; muffled; toned down.
Obscure (adj)
Even after I read the poem a fourth time, its meaning was still obscure.Dark; vague; unclear
Plagiarize (v)
The teacher could tell that the student had plagiarized parts of his essay; she could recognize whole paragraphs straight from Baron’s Book Notes.Steal another’s ideas and pass them off as one’s own.
Prodigal (adj)
Don’t be so prodigal spending my money; when you’ve earned some money, you can waste it as much as you want!Wasteful, reckless with money.
Recount (v)
A born storyteller, my father loved to recount anecdotes about his early years in New York.Narrate or tell; count over again.
Reserve (n)
Although some girls were attracted by Mark’s air of reserve, Judy was put off by it, for she felt his aloofness indicated a lack of openness.Self-control’ formal but distant manner
Sarcasm (n)
Though Ralph tried to ignore the mocking comments of his supposed friends, their sarcasm wounded him deeply.Scornful remarks; stinging rebuke
Succinct (adj)
Don’t bore your audience with excess verbiage: be succinct. Brief; terse; compact.
Temper (v)
Not even her supervisor’s grumpiness could temper Nancy’s enthusiasm for her new job.Moderate; tone down or restrain; toughen
Acrimonious (adj)
The candidate attacked his opponent in highly acrimonious terms.Bitter in words or manner
Ambivalence (n)
Torn between loving her parents one minute and hating them the next, she was confused by the ambivalence of her feelings.The sate of having contradictory or conflicting emotional attitudes
Bequeath (v)
Although Maud had intended to bequeath the family home to her nephew, she died before changing her will.Leave to someone by a will
Conciliatory (adj)
Hoping to end the coldness that had frown between them, he wrote a conciliatory note.Reconciling; appeasing; amiable.
Conviction (n)
Nothing could shake his conviction that she was innocent.Strongly held belief.
Discursive (adj)
As the lecturer wandered from topic to topic, we wondered what if any point there was to his discursive remarks.Digressing; rambling
Divulge (v)
No lover of gossip. Charlotte would never divulge anything that a friend told her in confidence.Reveal
Ethereal (adj)
In Shakespeare’s The Tempest, the sprit Ariel is an ethereal creature, too airy and unearthly for our mortal world.Light, heavenly, unusually refined.
Fanaticism (n)
When Islamic fundamentalists demanded the death of Salman Rushdie because his novel questioned their faith, world opinion condemned them for their fanaticism.Excessive zeal; extreme devotion to a belief or cause.
Germane (adj)
The judge would not allow the testimony to be heard by the jury because it was not germane to the case.Pertinent; bearing upon he case at hand
Homogeneous (adj)
Because the student body at Elite Prep was so homogeneous, Sara and James decided to send their daughter to a school that offered greater cultural diversity.Of the same kind.
Implement (v)
The mayor was unwilling to implement the plan until she was sure it had the governor’s backing.Put into effect; supply wit tools
Infer (v)
From the students’ glazed looks, it was easy for me to infer that they were bored out of their minds.Deduce; conclude.
Instigate (v)
Rumors of police corruption led the mayor to instigate an investigation into the department’s activities.Urge; start; provoke
Ironic (adj)
It is ironic that his success came when he least wanted it.Relating to a contradiction between an event’s expected result and is actual outcome sarcastic.
Mitigate (v)
Nothing Jason did could mitigate Medea’s anger; she refused to forgive him for betraying her.Appease, moderate
Novice (n)
Even a novice at word processing can get started writing letters right away by following these simple directions.Beginner
Pessimism (n)
Considering how well you have done in the course so far, you have no real reason for such pessimism about your final grade.Belief that life is basically bad or evil.
Porous (adj)
Dancers like to wear porous clothing because it allows the ready passage of water and air.Full of pores; like a sieve
Prophetic (adj)
I have no magical prophetic powers; when I predict what will happen. I base my predictions on common sense.Foretelling the future.
Repel (v)
At first, the Beast’s ferocious appearance repelled Beauty, but she came to love the tender heart hidden behind that beastly exterior.Drive away; disgust.
Retract (v)
When I saw how Fred and his fraternity brothers had trashed the frat house, I decided to retract my offer to let them use our summer cottage for the weekend.Withdraw; take back
Stoic (adj)
I wasn’t particularly stoic when I had my flu shot; I squealed like a stuck pig.Impassive; unmoved by joy or grief.
Sustain (v)
Stuart sustained such a severe injury that the doctors feared he would be unable to work to sustain his growing family.Experience; support; nourish.
Tractable (adj)
Although Susan seemed a tractable young woman, she had a stubborn streak of independence that occasionally led her to defy the powers-that-be when she felt they were in the wrong.Docile; easily managed.