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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Corpus of biblical wisdom literature includes the books of
Job, Proverbs, Ecclesiastes (the big three)+Song of Songs and Lamentations
Apocryphal books considered wisdom literature
Eclissisticus(Sirac), Wisdom of Solomon
Character of Wisdom literature is both
Prudential and speculative
Prudential wisdom provides
practical insights about life and how to live it
Speculative wisdom provides
wisdom without sufficient evidence(Job,Ecclesiastes)
Another word for proverb is
Contribution of Wisdom literature is that it
touches all of life/touches all of us - and may touch unbelievers
Robert Alden compares Proverbs to
medicine or a multi-vitamin
Who are the authors of Proverbs?
Solomon, Hezekiah
(chapter 25), Agur, and King Lemuel are the authors.+Possibly others not mentioned.
Structure of Proverbs divided
seven headings
We find the title, purpose and first principle of Proverbs in
Proverbs 1:1-7
Kidner says the title and purpose
apply to the whole book
Ray Van Leuven says that faith
is not opposed to reason but constitutes its possibility and connection to reality.
Ray Van Leuven says that life
is not static but a journey whose end is found in its beginning
Themes in first 9 chapters of Proverbs(repeated throughout the book)
1.Wisdom begins in the house
2.Causative justice
3. Limitations of human understanding
4. Psychosematic illness
5. Wealth
6. Teachability
7. Work/Sluggard
8. Dissension
9. Marriage/Love of Spouse
Van Leuven says Proverbs' message is pulled together in:
Prov. 1:7 The fear of the Lord is the beginning of knowledge,
but fools despise wisdom and discipline.”
Proverbs has this many verses
Lecture guide says 919 but Dr. Long said 915
Main points in survey on wealth in the Proverbs (Appendix 8)
1. properly earned, can be the Lord's blessing
2. brings responsibilities
3. poses dangers
4. is not to be our first priority
"The proverbs of Solomon" begin in
Prov. 10:1
Structure of proverbs of Solomon section
not big outline but at least "mini groupings" or vicinity repetition
Thoughts on numeric structure of Proverbs of Solomon section
375 Proverbs: numeric value of the name "Solomon"!
What is a proverb?
An insight into one facet of life expressed in a brief, catchy saying. Do not think of them as having true or false value as promises...
Van Leewwen on Proverbs structure:
1-9 Wisdom vs. Folly
10-15 Righteous vs. Wicked
16-22:16 Adv. course in Wisdom
"Sayings of the wise" found in
Prov. 22:17-24:22
"Sayings of the wise" as "30 sayings"
Probably a standard form in ANE, as seen in Amenemope's book.
Proverbs 24:23-25
These ALSO are "sayings of the wise" - including them in the first list would have messed up the "book of 30 sayings" form.
It is clear that Proverbs was not written
in one setting by one individual. The book seems to have been begun, then augmented some 200 years later.
The proverbs of Solomon copied by the men of Hezekiah are
more systematized(fool, sluggard, gossip)
The Sayings of Agur have
a preponderance of numeric sayings
Prov. 31 is a saying of
King Lemuel: an oracle his mother taught him.