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10 Cards in this Set

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In Piaget's theory, the fourth and final stage of cognitive development; arises from a combination of maturation and experience.
formal operational thought
Thought that includes propositions and possibilities that may or may not reflect reality.
hypothetical thought
Reasoning from a general statement or principle, through logical steps, to a specific conclusion.
deductive reasoning
Reasoning from one or more specific experiences or facts to a general conclusion.
inductive reasoning
A characteristic of adolescent thinking that sometimes leads young people to focus on themselves to the exclusion of others and to believe, for example, that their thoughts, feelings, and experiences are unique.
adolescent egocentrism
A teenager's false belief, stemming from adolescent egocentrism, that he or she cannot be conquered or even harmed by anything that might vanquish a normal mortal, such as unprotected sex, drug abuse, or high-speed driving.
invincibility fable
A teenager's false belief, stemming from adolescent egocentrism, that he or she is destined to have a unique, heroic, or even legendary life.
personal fable
A teenager's false belief, stemming from adolescent egocentrism, that others are intensely interested in his or her appearance and behavior.
imaginary audience
A lack of fit between a person and his or her environment that causes the person to become angry, hostile, or depressed.
volatile mismatch
Traditionally, a euphemism for "having had sexual intercourse"; still in use, even though today many adolescents engage in many sexual activities other than intercourse.
sexually active