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42 Cards in this Set

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rights of the accused
- 5th amendment protects the accused against self-incrimination and places limits on police interrogation of criminal suspects

- The 8th amendment- no excessive bail and forbids the use of cruel and unusual punishment
- 9th amendment- gives people the power and says that anything not laid out in constitution regarding national gov’t is given to state govn’t
roe v wade
supreme court said that abortion is legal. brought by raegan.
rights to privacy
includes the right to die.
civil liberties vs civil rights
liberties apply to all humans
rights apply to all citizens
missouri compromise
Let them in as slave state and then every other state who entered later after 36-30 line would be free state
Dred Scott Case
, Supreme Court invalidates Missouri Compromise. Rules Congress cannot ban slavery in territory .
Why? Because the slaves are property and they cant tell you that you cant have property.
13th amendment
abolishes slavery
14th amendment
says all peeps have rights and are equal
15th amendment
gives black people the right to vote
election of 1876
rutherford b hayes
there was a tie so they made a deal with the south
- if hayes wins, they would remove the military control from the reconstruction plan of the south
jim crow laws
segregated whites from blacks and outlawed interracial marriage
Plessy v Ferguson
combatted segragation by saying it was illegal.
- ruling was that if it is equal, it is not illegal
brown v board of education
challenged segregation again and won, saying that segregation in itself is not equal.
de jure
by law
applies to segregation bc they ruled out segregation that was caused by a law or by happen stance
de facto
without law,

segregation just happened
civil rights act of 1964
outlawed descimination in public places (work, education, voting etc.)
voting rights act of 1965
outlawed all voting blockades (taxes, literacy rates, grandfather clause etc.)

also allowed federal officials to come into the south and register black voters
three tests for interpreting equality
rational test- plaintiff comes to the ct and says that a law is favoring one group over another

intermediate scrutiny- forces the gvn't to say that the law is reasonable

strict scrutiny- forces the gvn't to prove that the law is beneficial and does something and is the 'least restrictive means' to getting something done.
bakke case
said that public institutions cannot have quotas for how many diverse ethnicities they can allow in.

reverse discrimination
19th amendment
women can vote
native americans
1924- couldnt vote until then
still face discrimination
one of the poorest
under civil rights at of 68, they drafted an indian bill of rights
hispanic americans
largest minority
asian americans
fastest growing minority
veterans
injured american veterans a big push for rehabilitation acts and accessibility issues
rehabilitation acts of 1973- protected from discrimination
senior citizesn
increasingly important bc they are 15% of population and doubled by 2050.
vote on big policies
Age Discrimination Act 1967- protected peeps over 40 from discrimination and forced retirement
political socialization
the assimilation into an expected pattern of political opinions.
based on gender, ethnicity, geographic etc.
3 strains of american culture
individualistic- gov't should be last resort and small role and their main goal is security and safety.

moralistic- govn't should be brought in a lot to get things done

tradionalistic- combo of individualistic and moralistic. the gvn'ts job is to protect our morals thru safety and security.
what dimensions do polls measure
direction: if you are for or against a policy
salience: how important the policy is
intensity- how strongly you feel about the issue
stability- how long the preference is kept
informational support: how much info an individual has on an issue
types of surveys/polls
benchmark polls- measures how well people know/like a candidate before he enters.
trial heat- gives you two options, pick one
tracking polls- daily polls to track changes
push polls- negative info on a candidate and then they ask them questions about it
second amendment
bear arms
third amendment
soldiers quartering not allowed
fourth amendment
regulates search and seizure
5 amendment
provisions regulating prosecution
6th amendment
right to a speedy trial with witnesses, attorney etc.
7th amendment
right to a trial by jury
eighth amendment
unfair bail and cruel and unusual punishment
ninth amendment
powers laid out and construction of constitution
tenth amendment
rights of the states
miller testing
how the gvn't checks to see if something is obscene
i. does is appeal to a prurient interest
ii. against state laws about sexualm or excretionary themes
iii. statement lacks political, artistic, literary, or scientific benefits
libel
anything untrue that is written
slander
anything untrue that is spoken
prior restraint
no censoring before publication