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27 Cards in this Set

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Atropine properties
non-selective agaonist
well absorbed orally
CNS stimulant
atropine clinical use
*adjunct for anaesthesia
(reduced secretions and bronchodilatation)
*Antichoinerterase poisoning
*Bradychardia
*GI hypermotility (antispasmodic)
atropine side effects
increase dose of ____ increases severity of side effects

*urinary retention
*dry mouth
*blurred vision
*at high doses heart problems occur and hallucinations
Brand name of propranol

type of class
inderal


adrenergic receptor antagonist
(beta blocker)
non-selective
inderal clinical use
(propranol)
angina
hypertension
cardiac dysrhythmias
anxiety tremor
glaucoma
indreral side effects
(propranol)
brochooconstriction
cardiac failure
cold extremities
fatigue and depression
hypoglycemia
inderal general effects
block both receptors
affect cardiac, lung, liver and other tissues
atropine general effects
OPPOSITE of ACh
relax smooth muscle
decrease secretions
decrease lacrimation
increase heart rate
increase cardiac conduction
prototypical agent for choinergic receptor antagonist
ATROPINE
prototypical agent for cholinergic receptor agonsit
URECHOLINE
generic name for urecholine
bethanecol
Resistant to hydrolysis by Ach-esterase
urecholine
urecholine is selective to which type of receptors?
M receptors
urecholine general use
to treat post op or post partum urinary retention caused by anaesthesia
stimulate detrusor muscle of bladder
relax trigone and sphincter= urination


increase gastric motility
urecholine side effects
primarily ACh
hypotension
cholinergic:
lacrimation
salivation
abdominal cramps/ diarrhea
bronchospasm
miosis
blurred vision
swating flushing
Brand name for Atenolol
Tenormin
Tenormin is under what type of receptor classification
Adrenergic receptor antagonist
Beta Blocker
Selective to Beta-1
Atenolol (B1 blockade) causes?
negative chronotropic, inotropic and dromotropic effects which lowers HR and BP
*decreases renin secretion from kidneys
*decrease aqueous humor formation in eyes
*lowers intra ocular pressure
Generic name for Coreg
carvedilol
Coreg is in what receptor classification?
mixed alpha and beta blockers
Coreg contains _____ plus blocks____ and ____
antioxidants
B1
B2
Coreg functions;
*scavenges free radicals
*inhibits peroxidases in cardiac tissue
*inhibit neutrophil relase of oxygen
Coreg is used for?
Post myocaridal infarction
Hypertension
Coreg reduces_____ and increases_______
after load
cariac output
Brand name for Labatalol
Normodyne
Labatalol used primarily to treat
Hypertension
Labatlol is in what drug class
mixed alpha and beta blockers