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22 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
How many ATPs for A.A?
3
A group of organic compounds, made up of nucleotides
Nucleic acid
What are the 3 parts of a nucleotide?
sugar, protein, phosphate
Double stranded nucleic acid,the genetic code is called__________
DNA
sequence of nucleotides is__________
a gene
the sugar in dna is called___________
deoxyribose
Chromosomes are DNA+__________
histones
Single stranded nucleic acid, carries the DNA message out of the nucleus into the cytoplasm
RNA
what is the sugar in RNA
Ribose
Name the 3 forms of RNA
mRNA, tRNA, rRNA
mRNA=________ RNA, it carries the message from __________ to the ribosomes.
messenger, DNA
tRNA=___________ RNA, brings amino acids to the ribosomes
transfer
rRNA=_________ RNA, this RNA + proteins is what ribosomes are made up of.
ribose
Central dogma of molecular biology:
__________ = DNA makes copy of itself
__________ = DNA codes for mRNA
__________ = mRNA makes proteins (with help from tRNA, ribosomes)
replication, transcription, translation (protein synthesis)
Translastion is also known as_________
protein synthesis
Base pairing: DNA A-T, C-G (ATC on DNA=________)
triplet
Base Pairing: mRNA A-U, C-G (UAG on mRNA =___________)
Codon
Base pairing: tRNA A-U, C-G (AUC on tRNA =___________)
anticodon
Pairing example:
DNA--> mRNA --> tRNA --> =_________
Amino Acid
Set of 3 DNA on DNA is a __________
triplet
DNA replication is known as ___________ because two molocues are produced each with half old and half new.
semi-conservative
How many nucleic acids are in the world?
2 dna and rna