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11 Cards in this Set

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What verses in ch 1 gives the themes of Isaiah in condensed form?
1:3-4
What are the two main themes in condensed form? Give another example where this theme is found.
1. "my people" - The LORD's claim upon Israel, covenantal relationship, 10:24
2. "Holy One of Israel" - YHWH's distinctiveness from Israel, 10:20

Isaiah stresses the sin of the nation in the context of YHWH's holinesss.
What are the other basic themes of Isaiah, introduced in ch 1? Where are they introduced in ch 1 and an example of where they are found elsewhere in Isaiah?
1. the sinfulness of Judah and Jerusalem, 1:3-8; 53:6
2. remnant motif, 1:9; 10:20-22
3. tender appeals of the LORD, 1:16-19; 40:1-2
4. the reason for these hardships, 1:19-20; 30:1-14
5. certainty of coming judgement, 1:24-25, 29-31; 39:5-7
6. blessedness of salvation to come, 1:26-27; 9:2-7
What are the 3 main agruments for assigning chs 40-66 to an unknown author(s) of the 6th c. BC?
1. the historical setting reflects the exile
2. the differences in language, style, and concepts
3. the Hebrew prophet addressed people of his day and 40-66 can't be addressed to people of the 8th c.
What is the critical division of authorship of Isaiah?
Isa I 1-39 (w/ later additions)
Isa II 40-55
Isa III 56-66
What are the 3 main responses to the modern critical consensus for authorship of Isaiah?
1. The present literary context attiributes the whole book to Isaiah. Jewish tradition and the use by NT authors supports this. Also, the 1QIsaa copy has no break at the end of ch. 39 even though it's at the bottom of a column.
2. there are enough similarities in language and concepts to maintain single authorship, the differences explained by new subject matter, altered intention, and later life of the prophet.
3. the supernatural quality of the prophecy in 40-66 matches the office of a prophet, they predict the future do they not?
Summarize the linguistic arguments for one author of Isaiah.
1. The alleged "late" expressions in Isaiah are not demonstrably later than Isaiah's own lifetime.
2. Their is ample evidence for similarity of word usage.
3. The perceived style differences are arbitrary, and easily explained by change in subject matter and intentions.
SUMMARY - The differences are there, but multiple authorship is not the only explicable grounds for the differences.
Summarize the literary arguments for one author of Isaiah.
1. The prophet's identity is key to the work's canonicity as you must know the prophet is quailified. Therefore, it is unlikely that an author of great brilliance would have his work anonymously added to the work of Isaiah and never appear in Israel's history.
2. The critical position requires too many contortions to work (i.e. a redactor made 2Is fit 1Is and another redactor made 3Is fit 2Is).
Summarize the tradition arguments for one author of Isaiah.
Isaiah appears in other OT authors - quoted in Jeremiah and Zephaniah; similarities in Micah.
Summarize the content arguments for one author of Isaiah.
1. Predictive prophecy is one of the criteria for admitting a work into the canon. Therefore we can't do anything with an unknown author with no track record if he is only reporting events that have already happened.
2. The polemic against idolatry in 2Is fits the pre-exilic Canaanite variety. In addition, the exile is agreed to have stamped out idolatry and syncretism in Judah AND the prophet's criticisms do not reflect the complex Babylonian worship. Therefore, the anti-idolatry message fits the time of Isaiah in Jerusalem.
Summarize the ideological arguments for one author of Isaiah.
1. Understand that the critical view results from the worldview of methodological naturalism = there must be a scientfic explanation w/o divine agency.
According to science one must:
a. find the theory that accounts for all the data
b. find the theory that accounts for the data w/ the simpliest solution
c. find the theory that has internal and external coherence
d. find the theory that generates fruitfulness
SUM - one author fits the scientifc ideology the best