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39 Cards in this Set

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"Then said Yahweh unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of Yahweh toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine." Who speaks these words?
Hosea
"Then said Yahweh unto me, Go yet, love a woman beloved of her friend, yet an adulteress, according to the love of Yahweh toward the children of Israel, who look to other gods, and love flagons of wine." What does the speaker mean to show by these words?
A restoration of covenant and redemption achieved through love.
Against whom is Hosea prophesying when he denounces the province of Ephraim?
Samaria
What does the speaker promise in this line and why is it surprising, given the context of the chapter? - "[I am] the Holy One in the midst of thee; and I will not enter into the city."
The speaker promises not to destroy Ephraim/Samaria, which is surprising since he has just finished saying that the "sword shall abide" on Ephraim/Samaria, "devour[ing]" them.
What does Amos mean by the day of Yahweh ("day of the lord")?
Amos means the day of God's judgment; a day which will mean "darkness, not light" for those who he talks of longing for it.
In Amos 5:24, YHWH ordains that (blank) shall "run down as waters," and (blank) "as a mighty stream."
Judgment, righteousness
Who is Amaziah?
the Priest of Bethel
Who does Amaziah address in this verse: "O thou seer, go, flee thee far away into the land of Judah, and there eat bread, and prophesy there."
Amos
These words, inserted among the prophecies of Micah, refer to what historical period? "And the remnant of Jacob shall be among the Gentiles in the midst of many people as a lion among the beasts of the forest."
The Babylonian exile (587 b.c.e)
Who is the "daughter" in this prophecy of Micah, and what is the earliest date at which it could have been uttered?: "Be in pain, and labor to bring forht, O daughter of Zion, like a woman in travail: for now shalt thou go forth out of the city, and thou shalt dwell in the field, and thou shalt go even to Babylon."
The "daughter" is Judah/the Judeans, and the earliest date it could've been uttered would've been 587 b.c.e., when the Babylonians exiled them.
"And it shall come to pass, in the last days, that the mountain of YHWH's house shall be established...for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of YHWH from Jerusalem." What, specifically, are the "last days?"
The Day of the Lord, his judgment
"And it shall come to pass, in the last days, that the mountain of YHWH's house shall be established...for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of YHWH from Jerusalem." What, specifically, is "the mountain?"
Zion
"And it shall come to pass, in the last days, that the mountain of YHWH's house shall be established...for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of YHWH from Jerusalem." What, specifically, is the "house?"
the temple in Jerusalem
"And it shall come to pass, in the last days, that the mountain of YHWH's house shall be established...for out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the word of YHWH from Jerusalem." What, specifically, is "the law?"
instruction/the Torah
What does Isaiah mean to convey to us by this experience (ch. 6)? - "Then flew one of the seraphims unto me, having a live coal in his hand, which he had taken with the tongs from off the altar: And he laid it upon my mouth, and said, Lo, this hath touched thy lips; and thine iniquity is taken away."
It's a purification ritual, authenticating Isaiah as YHWH's spokesman and justifying the words of his "lips."
In Isaiah 7, to whom does Isaiah offer this "sign" and what is the meaning of "Immanuel"? - "Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel."
He offers the sign to Ahaz; "Immanuel" means "God is with you."
What is Isaiah celebrating in these verses from chapter 9: "The people that walked in darkness have seen a great light...For unto us a child is born, unto us a son is given...and his name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of Peace."
The birth of a new prince to continue the line of David.
What liberation does "Isaiah" (or second Isaiah) celebrate in this mocking dirge, and what nation does "Lucifer" represent? - "He who smote the people in wrath with a continual stroke, he that ruled the nations in anger, is persecuted...The whole earth is at rest, and is quiet: they break forth into singing...'How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! How art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations!"
liberation from the Babylonian exile; "Lucifer" is the King of Babylon
In Isaiah 40, who speaks to whom the opening verse, "Comfort ye, comfort ye my people?"
God to Isaiah
In Isaiah 40, who in the phrase "Comfort ye, comfort ye my people" are "my people?"
Jerusalem
In Second Isaiah 52:13-53:12, who could be meant by the Suffering Servant who "hath borne our griefs"?
This could be applicable to either Christ or the Israelites.
In the final chapter of Third Isaiah, who says, "The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me?"
Yahweh
In the final chapter of Third Isaiah's lines, "The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me," what "house" is meant?
the "house" is the temple
What is the occasion of this psalm, and what is the speaker's status?

"I will declare the decree: Yahweh had said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day I have begotten thee. Ask of me, and I shall give thee the heathen for thine inheritance, and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession."
the occasion is a coronation; the speaker's status is as king, the Lord's anointed and son.
Whom does the speaker of these lines address?

"What is man, that thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honor. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet."
God
To which biblical book does the last verse of this passage refer? "What is man, that thou art mindful of him? And the son of man, that thou visitest him? For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, and hast crowned him with glory and honor. Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; thou hast put all things under his feet."
Genesis
Psalm 23 begins, "Yahweh is my shepherd," recalling the Israel of Exodus. What phrases in this verse (verse 5) imply a later stage of Israel's experience? "Thou preparest a table before me in the presence of mine enemies: thou anointest my head with oil; my cup runneth over."
1."preparest a table" - likely where a sacrifice was taken in the temple
2."cup runneth over" - Lord provides for his people in abundance
Explain the historical references to Babylon and Zion in this verse: "By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion."
This passage references the destruction of Jerusalem, where Mount Zion was located, by the Babylonians in 587 b.c.e.
Who are meant by "we" in this passage? -

"By the rivers of Babylon, there we sat down, yea, we wept, when we remembered Zion."
The people of Jerusalem
Whose is "the voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, 'Prepare ye the way of YHWH, make straight in the desert a highway for our God'"?
Yahweh
What specific group of people are being asked in Isaiah 40 to "prepare the way?"
the Israelite captives in exile
In the final chapter of Third Isaiah, who says "The heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool: where is the house that ye build unto me?" Who are "ye"?
"Ye" refers to man; more specifically, the address might be to the people of Jerusalem.
What is the northern Kingdom?
Israel
What is the southern Kingdom?
Judah
What is the capital of the northern Kingdom (Israel)?
Samaria
What is the capital of the southern Kingdom (Judah)?
Jerusalem
When did Samaria fall?
722/721 b.c.e.
When was the fall of Jerusalem, and the destruction of the first temple?
587/586 b.c.e.
When was the first return to Judah following the Babylonian exile?
539 b.c.e.