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40 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an explanation of the meaning aand significance of a work of are, based upon careful study of the work and attention to its details aand techniques
interpretation
an opinion as to the value of worth of something; an evalutation or assesment
judgement
a part of a piece of writing that is central to its meaning; an important or crucial point
key idea
a part of a literary work, such as its plot, setting, mood, or theme
literary element
a special device used in a literary work
literary technique
based upon sound reasons and arguments
logical
the most important, key, or central idea in a piece of writing
main idea
based upon fact, not opinions
objective
a judgement, belief, prediction, or other staatement that caannot be proved
opinion
the arrangement of ideas in a piece of writing
organization
to arrange ideas so that they follow logicalaly from one another and so that the relationships among the ideas are clear to the reader
organize
a restatement in other words
paraphrase
a short selection from a piece of writing
passage
a statement of fact that can be proved by definition, observation, or consulting authority
propostition
to describe by enumerating the characterisitics or qualities of
qualify
a connection or association between two people, things, or ideas
relationship
related to the matter or issue being discussed; pertinient
relevant
a reaction to something
response
to examine something carefully and make a judgement about it based on the examination
review
particular, not vague or general
specific
the form and organization of a piece of writing
structure
based on the opinions or internal, private experiences of an individual
subjective
to restate in fewer words
summarize
to provide evidence to support an assertion
support
a pits ideas are all related to a single controlling idea nad contribute to creating a single dominant impression on the reader
unified
making assumptions about a whole range of cases based on an inadequate sample
hasty generalization
the premisis of an argument do support a particular conclusion, but not the one that the arguer draws
missing the point
assuming that because b comes after a, a caused b
post hoc
chain reaction, unreasonably
slippery slope
arguments that are not comparable in relevant respects
weak analogy
referring to respected sources as sole evidence
appeal to authority
appealing to the desire to fit in and be liked
ad populum
focuses attention on people rather than evidence; bad person
ad hominem
focuses attention on people rather than evidence; hypocrit
tu quoque
an arguer tries to get people to accept a conclusion by making them feel sorry for someone
appeal to pity
no conclusive evidence, therefore just trust me
appeal to ignorance
beating up a weak argument
straw man
going off on a tangent
red herring
making it seem as if there are only two choices and one is eliminated
false dichotomy
sliding between two or more different meanings of a single word that is important to the argument
equivocation