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718 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
lackadaisical
adj. lacking life, spirit, or zest : languid
nitid
adj. bright, lustrous
stentorian
adj. extremely loud
enervate
adj. lacking physical, mental, or moral vigor
misogyny
n. a hatred of women
haywire
adv. being out of order or having gone wrong
pungent
adj. sharply painful
grout
n. plaster
effrontery
n. shameless boldness
luge
n. a small sled that is ridden in supine position
billiards
n. POOL
delectable
adj. highly pleasing
commensal
adj. living in a relationship in which one organism obtains food or other benefits from another without damaging or benefitting it
peccant
adj. faulty
heartfelt
adj. sincere
indefatigable
adj. incapable of being fatigue
perpetual
adj. everlasting
abide
v. tolerate
convoke
v. to call together to a meeting
malign
adj. evil in nature, influence, or effect
obviate
v. to anticipate and prevent
palliate
v. to lessen intensity
peruse
v. to examine or consider with attention and in detail
portend
v. to give an omen or anticipatory sign of
recuse
v. to disqualify (oneself) as judge in a particular case; broadly
métier
n. an area of activity in which one excels : forte
alleviate
v. to lessen, relieve
immutable
adj. not capable of or susceptible to change
phraseology
n. choice of words : style
sultry
adj. very hot and humid
superfluous
adj. extra
vociferous
adj. marked by or given to vehement insistent outcry
anecdote
n. a usually short narrative of an interesting, amusing, or biographical incident
scion
n. descendant, child
comprise
v. to include especially within a particular scope
mendacious
adj. given to or characterized by deception or falsehood or divergence from absolute truth
frisson
n. a brief moment of emotional excitement
compunction
n. distress of mind over an anticipated action or result
espouse
v. to take up and support as a cause
magniloquent
adj. speaking in or characterized by a high-flown often bombastic style or manner
causerie
n. a short informal essay
fledge
v. to cover with or as if with feathers or down
magnate
n. a person of rank, power, influence, or distinction often in a specified area
tun
n. a large cask especially for wine
incumbent
n. one that occupies a particular position or place
palaver
n. beguiling or misleading speech
mawkish
adj. having an insipid often unpleasant taste
poignant
adj. designed to make an impression : touching
cajole
v. to persuade with flattery or gentle urging especially in the face of reluctance : coax
acme
n. the highest point or stage; also : one that represents perfection of the thing expressed : summit
pugilist
n. fighter, especially a professional boxer
hebetude
n. lethargy, dullness
imperturbable
adj. marked by extreme calm, impassivity, and steadiness
disparage
v. to lower in rank or reputation : degrade
kaput
adj. utterly finished, defeated, or destroyed
torpid
adj. lacking in energy or vigor
precocial
adj. capable of a high degree of independent activity from birth
colloquy
n. a high-level serious discussion
repudiate
v. to reject as untrue or unjust
villify
v. to lower in estimation or importance
vapid
adj. lacking liveliness, tang, briskness, or force
aspersion
n. a false or misleading charge meant to harm someone's reputation
urbane
adj. notably polite or polished in manner
paisley
adj. made typically of soft wool and woven or printed with colorful curved abstract figures
gibbet
v. to expose to infamy or public scorn
resplendent
adj. characterized by a glowing splendor
commensurate
adj. equal in measure or extent
zeitgeber
n. an environmental agent or event (as the occurrence of light or dark) that provides the stimulus setting or resetting a biological clock of an organism
fusillade
n. a spirited outburst especially of criticism
affidavit
n. a sworn statement in writing made especially under oath or on affirmation before an authorized magistrate or officer
sesquipedalian
adj. given to or characterized by the use of long words
chimerical
adj. existing only as the product of unchecked imagination : fantastically visionary or improbable
abrogate
v. to treat as nonexistent
virago
n. a woman of great stature, strength, and courage
adipose
adj. of or relating to animal fat
bereaved
adj. suffering the death of a loved one
celibate
n. one who lives in abstention by vow from marriage
cupidity
adj. inordinate desire for wealth
commisurate
v. to feel or express pity
objurgation
n. a harsh rebuke
allot
n. to distribute as a share
paroxysm
n. a sudden sharp attack
raucous
adj. HARSH, HOARSE, STRIDENT
lucubration
n. laborious or intensive study
exiguous
adj. scanty in amount
harry
v. to torment by or as if by constant attack syn worry, annoy, plague, pester
unwonted
adj. RARE, UNUSUAL
wistful
adj. full of yearning or desire tinged with melancholy
abulia
n. loss or impairment of the ability to act or to make decisions
apotheosis
n. a model of excellence or perfection of a kind
pyrrhic
adj. costly to the point of outweighing expected benefits
senescence
n. the state of being or growing old.
pertinacious
adj. stubborn; obstinate.
amicable
adj. characterized by friendliness and good will
contrite
adj. feeling or expressing grief and regret for sins or offenses
treacly
adj. overly sweet or sentimental
trenchant
n. forceful and vigorous
roue
n. a man devoted to a life of sensual pleasure
glabrous
adj. without hairs or projections; smooth.
invective
n. insulting or abusive language
efficacious
adj. producing, or capable of producing, a desired effect.
approbation
n. formal or official approval; also, praise.
inimical
adj. unfriendly; unfavorable.
quixotic
adj. foolishly impractical
censure
n. to criticize severely; also, an expression of disapproval
gauche
n. lacking social polish; tactless.
inscrutable
adj. difficult to fathom or understand.
sycophant
n. one who seeks favor by flattery; a toady
venerate
v. to treat with deep respect
obstreperous
adj. noisily and stubbornly defiant
irenic
adj. promoting peace
coruscate
v. to give off or reflect light in bright beams or flashes
euphonious
adj. pleasing to the ear
egress
n. the act of going out or leaving, or the right or freedom to leave
indigence
n. a state of extreme poverty or destitution
blandish
v. to act or speak in a flattering or coaxing manner
misandrist
n. a person who hates men
obdurate
adj. resistant to persuasion or softening influences
obeisance
n. an expression of deference or respect, such as a bow or curtsy
affray
n. a tumultuous assault or quarrel
sempiternal
adj. everlasting; endless
moribund
adj. dying
admonition
n. gentle or friendly reproof
extirpate
v. to root out; to eradicate
anodyne
n. serving to relieve pain
panoply
n. a protective coating, such as armor
equivocal
adj. purposely ambiguous
maunder
v. to talk incoherently; to speak in a rambling manner
corpulent
adj. very fat; obese
juxtaposition
vb. to place side by side
oblivion
n. the condition or state of being forgotten
perturb
vb. to disturb greatly esp. in mind
vatic
adj. of or characteristic of a prophet or prophecy; prophetic; oracular
slake
v. to relieve or satisfy with or as if with refreshing drink
macabre
n. gruesome
countenance
n. appearance, especially the expression of the face
hoary
adj. ancient; extremely old; remote in time past
cavort
v. to bound or prance about
placid
adj. peaceful
lacerate
v. to tear roughly
lugubrious
adj. mournful
polemic
adj. aggressively attacking of the opinions or beliefs of another
exacerbate
v. to make more violent, bitter, or severe
dote
vb. to be feebleminded esp. from old age, give excessive attention to
visceral
adj. not intellectual
juncture
n. connection, joint, union
trepid
adj. timorous, fearful
vertiginous
adj. dizzy
innuendo
n. hint, insinuation
ensconce
v. shelter
debouch
v. to emerge; to issue
scrutinize
v. to examine closely and minutely
vitreous
adj. glassy
supplant
v. replace
jejune
adj. childish
promiscuous
adj. heterogenous
extirpate
v. to destroy completely
alibi
n. an excuse (as for failure)
redolent
adj. aromatic
mettle
n. spirit, courage
contumacious
adj. stubbornly disobedient
imprecation
n. a curse
phantasmagoria
n. an exhibition or display of optical effects and illusions
obsequious
adj. servilely attentive; compliant to excess; fawning
diffident
adj. hesitant in acting or speaking through lack of self-confidence
tribunal
n. a court of justice
salubrious
adj. favorable to health
lucrative
adj. profitable
opprobrium
n. something that brings disgrace
arriviste
n. a person who has recently attained success, wealth, or high status but not general acceptance or respect; an upstart
scrupulous
adj. painstaking
gadabout
n. someone who roams about in search of amusement or social activity.
pecuniary
adj. of or relating to money
uxorious
adj. excessively devoted or submissive to a wife
ventral
adj. relating to the belly
caprice
n. a sudden, unpredictable change of mind or behavior
inveterate
adj. confirmed in a habit : habitual
flotilla
n. a fleet, especially of small ships
ribald
adj. characterized by or given to vulgar humor; coarse
protege
n. one who is protected, guided, and supported by somebody older and more experienced.
accolade
n. an expression of praise
turbid
adj. disturbed; confused; disordered
insensate
adj. lacking sense or understanding
conclave
n. a private gathering
encomium
n. glowing and warmly enthusiastic praise
lax
adj. not strict
chortle
v. to utter, or express with, a snorting, exultant laugh or chuckle
intrepid
adj. fearless; bold; brave; undaunted; courageous
sylph
n. a slender, graceful young woman
recusant
adj. refusing to submit to authority
facsimile
n. an exact copy
minx
n. a pert or flirtatious young woman
infantile
adj. of or relating to infants
insouciance
n. lighthearted unconcern
denouement
n. the outcome of a complex sequence of events
prink
v. to dress up; to deck for show.
pukka
adj. first-class, complete, authenic
dilatory
adj. delaying, tardy
sagacious
adj. wise
eschew
v. shun, avoid
interrelate
v. to bring into or have a mutual relationship
disquisition
n. a formal inquiry or discussion
veridical
adj. genuine, truthful
reverberate
v. repel, echo
prescience
n. foresight
hibachi
n. a charcoal brazier
frenetic
adj. frantic
approbation
n. approval
egregious
adj. conspicuously and outrageously bad or reprehensible
reprobation
n. strong disapproval
itinerant
adj. traveling from place to place
hie
v. hasten, hurry, rush
contretemps
n. an inopportune or embarrassing situation or event
sacrosanct
adj. sacred, inviolable
allocate
v. allot, assign
repast
n. a supply of food and drink served as a meal
condescend
v. to assume an air of superiority
deign
v. condescend
ephemeral
adj. short lived, transitory
empyrean
n. heaven, paradise
eclectic
adj. selecting or made up of what seems best of varied sources -- eclectic nadj : selecting or made up of what seems best of varied sources
sequester
v. segregate
animosity
n. hatred
despondency
n. dejection, hopelessness
debunk
v. to expose the sham or falseness of
circumvent
v. to check or defeat esp. by stratagem
genuflect
v. to bend the knee or touch one knee to the ground, as in worship.
parapet
n. a protecting rampart
demur
v. to object; to take exception
laud
n. praise, acclaim
macroscopic
adj. visible to the naked eye
solecism
n. any inconsistency, mistake, or impropriety
extemporaneous
adj. composed, performed, or uttered on the spur of the moment, or without previous study; unpremeditated; impromptu
ignominious
adj. dishonorable, degrading, humiliating
consternation
n. amazed dismay and confusion
alacrity
n. cheerful alertness
forgo
v. to abstain from; to do without.
rationale
n. an underlying reason
febrile
adj. feverish
raiment
n. clothing in general; garments
nefarious
adj. flagrantly wicked or impious
aborning
adv. while being born or produced
remonstrate
v. to plead in opposition to something
scrimp
v. to economize greatly and save
hokum
n. nonsense
dulcet
adj. generally pleasing, soothing, or agreeable
benign
adj. showing kindness
proximity
n. nearness
bamboozle
v. to trick
tractable
adj. docile
disconsolate
adj. being beyond consolation; deeply dejected and dispirited; hopelessly sad; filled with grief
interminable
adj. wearily endless
staunch
adj. firm, strong
conjecture
n. guess, surmise
languid
adj. slow; lacking vigor or force.
pertinent
adj. revelant
nonchalant
adj. collected, composed, cool, imperturbable, unflappable, unruffled
etiolate
v. to make weak by stunting the growth or development of
moil
v. to work with painful effort; to labor; to toil
gawk
v. to gape or stare stupidly
precatory
adj. expressing a wish
exegesis
n. a critical explanation of a text
headlong
adv. recklessly
benison
n. blessing
disparate
adj. distinct in quality or character
maladroit
adj. inept
punctilious
adj. strictly attentive to the details of form in action or conduct; precise; exact in the smallest particulars.
brackish
adj. distasteful
eventuate
v. to come out of, result
adulterate
v. to make impure by mixing in a foreign or inferior substance
raillery
n. good-humored banter or teasing.
reprobate
adj. scoundrel
indelible
adj. not capable of being removed or erased
sedition
n. conduct or language inciting resistance to or rebellion against lawful authority
squib
n. a brief witty writing or speech
riposte
n. quick and effective reply by word or act
impartial
adj. not biased
persnickety
adj. fussy about small details
drab
adj. dull
commence
v. start
wroth
adj. angry
emancipate
v. to liberate
punctual
adj. being on time, prompt
abstemious
adj. sparing in use of food or drink
galumph
v. to move in a clumsy manner or with a heavy tread.
bedlam
n. an insane asylum
coterie
n. an intimate often exclusive group of persons with a common interest
acerbic
adj. acid in temper, mood, or tone
redoubtable
adj. formidable
lenient
adj. indulgent, merciful
nark
v. irritate, annoy
claque
n. a group hired to applaud at a performance
oblation
n. the act of offering something, such as worship or thanks, especially to a deity
doughty
adj. valiant
debut
n. a first appearance
trenchant
adj. keen, sharp
impervious
adj. not capable of being affected
incorrigible
adj. incapable of being corrected, amended, or reformed
chronic
adj. habitual
profuse
adj. exhibiting great abundance
vim
n. vitality
vanguard
n. the troops moving at the front of an army
tact
n. a keen sense of what to do or say to keep good relations with others
affable
adj. courteous and agreeable in conversation
burgeon
v. to flourish
cantankerous
adj. ill-natured, quarrelsome
desultory
adj. passing aimlessly from one thing or subject to another
immaculate
adj. pure, clean
abridge
v. shorten
abate
v. to put an end to <~ a nuisance>
deride
v. to laugh at scornfully
insolvent
adj. unable or insufficient to pay all debts
dissipate
v. disperse, scatter
instigate
vb. to goad or urge forward
flippant
adj. lacking proper respect or seriousness
altruism
n. unselfish interest in the welfare of others
ambivalence
n. simultaneous attraction toward and repulsion from a person, object, or action
acrimony
n. harsh or biting sharpness of language or feeling
fiduciary
adj. of, relating to, or involving a confidence or trust: as a
voluble
adj. characterized by a ready flow of speech
repine
v. to long for something
perfunctory
adj. done merely to carry out a duty; performed mechanically or routinely
unruly
adj. not submissive to rule or restraint
vaporware
n. a computer-related product that has been widely advertised but has not and may never become available
omnipresent
adj. present in all places at the same time; ubiquitous
virulent
adj. highly infectious, marked by a rapid, severe, and often deadly course
arbitrary
adj. determined by will or caprice : selected at random
saturnine
adj. a : cold and steady in mood
habiliment
n. the dress characteristic of an occupation or occasion
evince
v. to show in a clear manner; to manifest; to make evident; to bring to light
ablution
n. the washing of one's body or part of it
redaction
n. an act or instance of putting something in writing or adapting it for publication
rancor
n. bitter deep-seated ill will
penchant
n. a strong inclination
moiety
n. one of two equal parts; a half
conjugal
adj. of or relating to marriage
augur
n. diviner, soothsayer
hauteur
n. arrogance, haughtiness
tramp
n. a begging or thieving vagrant
foible
n. a minor failing or weakness in character or behavior
coronation
n. the act or ceremony of crowning a monarch
ululate
v. howl, wail
stasis
n. a state of balance, equilibrium, or stagnation
fluctuate
v. to move up and down or back and forth
encroach
v. to enter gradually or stealthily upon another's property or rights --
perdurable
adj. very durable; lasting; continuing long.
jingoism
n. extreme nationalism
gamut
n. an entire range or series
kvetch
v. to complain habitually
epicure
n. person with sensitive and discriminating tastes esp. in food and wine
brio
n. enthusiastic vigor; vivacity; liveliness; spirit
chicanery
n. trickery, deception
importunate
adj. troublesomely urgent; overly persistent in request or demand; unreasonably solicitous
purblind
adj. lacking in insight or discernment
lexicography
n. the principles and practices of dictionary making
asseverate
v. to affirm or declare positively or earnestly.
brummagem
adj. not genuine, spurious, also : cheaply showy, tawdry
celerity
n. rapidity of motion or action; quickness; swiftness
desultory
adj. marked by lack of definite plan, regularity, or purpose
inamorata
n. a woman whom one is in love with
cacciatore
adj. cooked with tomatoes and herbs
abstinence
adj. voluntary refraining esp. from eating certain foods or drinking liquor
fey
adj. marked by an otherworldly air or attitude
polymath
n. a person of great or varied learning; one acquainted with various subjects of study
fiduciary
adj. relating to the holding of something in trust for another
legerdemain
n. a display of skill, trickery, or artful deception
chagrin
n. mental uneasiness or annoyance caused by failure, disappointment, or humiliation
aleatory
adj. characterized by chance or random elements
blithe
adj. happily lighthearted
inveigle
v. to win over by flattery
mulct
n. a fine or penalty
infinitesimal
adj. taking on values arbitrarily close to but greater than zero
incipient
adj. beginning to exist or appear.
drudge
v. to do hard, menial, or monotonous work
misanthrope
n. a person who hates or distrusts humankind
fiat
n. an arbitrary or authoritative command or order
gelid
adj. extremely cold; icy.
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept; especially : a collection of hives or colonies of bees kept for their honey
sententious
adj. using wise sayings or proverbs
lachrymose
adj. given to shedding tears; suffused with tears; tearful
chagrin
n. mental uneasiness or annoyance caused by failure, disappointment, or humiliation
aleatory
adj. characterized by chance or random elements
blithe
adj. happily lighthearted
inveigle
v. to win over by flattery
mulct
n. a fine or penalty
infinitesimal
adj. taking on values arbitrarily close to but greater than zero
incipient
adj. beginning to exist or appear.
drudge
v. to do hard, menial, or monotonous work
misanthrope
n. a person who hates or distrusts humankind
fiat
n. an arbitrary or authoritative command or order
gelid
adj. extremely cold; icy.
apiary
n. a place where bees are kept; especially : a collection of hives or colonies of bees kept for their honey
sententious
adj. using wise sayings or proverbs
lachrymose
adj. given to shedding tears; suffused with tears; tearful
embezzle
v. steal (as money) by falsifying records
chaff
n. light jesting talk
catharsis
n. an act of purging or purification
nimiety
n. the state of being too much; excess
quotidian
adj. or an everyday character; ordinary; commonplace
sophomoric
adj. being overconfident of knowledge but poorly informed and immature
premonition
n. previous warning
truculent
adj. feeling or showing ferocity
peccadillo
n. a slight offense
aberration
n. something different from the usual or normal
abscond
v. to depart secretly
aggrandize
v. to make larger or greater in power
anachronistic
anathemaadj. out-dated
anathema
n. ban, curse; something shunned or disabled
bombastic
adj. using high-sounding but meaningless language
tactile
adj. of, relating to, or perceptible through the sense of touch
entreat
vb. to ask urgently
fractious
adj. tending to be troublesome
passel
n. a large number
impressionable
adj. capable of being easily impressed
stygian
adj. of or pertaining to the river Styx, the principal river of the underworld in Greek mythology; hence, hellish; infernal
impetus
n. a driving force
pestiferous
adj. morally evil or dangerous to society; pernicious
luculent
adj. clear; easily understood.
refractory
adj. recalcitrant, intractable, ungovernable, unruly, headstrong, willful
diffraction
n. the bending or spreading of waves (as of light) esp. when passing through narrow slits
igneous
adj. formed by solidification of molten rock
oscillate
v. to move or travel back and forth between two points
contemn
v. to regard or treat with disdain or contempt; to scorn; to despise
spurious
adj. false
sojourn
vb. to dwell in a place temporarily
aliment
n. something that nourishes or feeds; nutriment.
posthumous
adj. born after the death of the father
onus
n. burden, blame
ligature
n. something that binds or ties
incentive
n. something that incites or is likely to incite to determination or action
temporize
v. to be indecisive or evasive in order to gain time or delay action.
omniscient
adj. having infinite awareness, understanding, and insight
spelunker
n. one who makes a hobby of exploring caves
manifesto
n. a public declaration of intentions, motives, or views
biddable
adj. obedient, docile
corrode
v. to wear or be worn away gradually
cloy
v. to weary by excess, especially of sweetness, richness, pleasure
accretion
n. growth or enlargement esp. by addition from without
frippery
n. pretentious display
undergird
v. to brace up
halcyon
adj. calm, peaceful
supervene
v. to take place or occur as something additional, extraneous, or unexpected
extraneous
adj. irrevelant
candor
n. frankness
decry
vb. to express strong disapproval of
haggard
adj. having a worn or emaciated appearance syn careworn, wasted, drawn
redoubt
n. a small usu. temporary fortification
obloquy
n. the condition of disgrace suffered as a result of public blame, abuse, or condemnation; ill repute
feral
adj. wild, savage
arbitrage
n. the nearly simultaneous purchase of a good or asset in one market where the price is low, and sale of the same good or asset in another market where the price is higher
panegyric
n. formal or elaborate praise
clairvoyant
adj. unusually perceptive
masticate
v. to grind or crush with or as if with the teeth in preparation for swallowing and digestion
ramify
v. to branch out
poise
n. self-possessed calmness, balance
tantamount
adj. equivalent in value or meaning
philately
n. the collection and study of postage and imprinted stamps
invocation
n. SUPPLICATION; esp : a prayer at the beginning of a service
histrionics
n. deliberate display of emotion for effect
euphoria
n. a marked feeling of well-being or elation
fettle
n .a state or condition of fitness or order; state of mind; spirits
shrewd
adj. clever, astute
mirth
n. gladness or gaiety accompanied with laughter syn glee, jollity, hilarity, merriment
congenital
adj. existing at or dating from birth syn inborn, innate, natural
endemic
adj. restricted to a particular place
prestige
n. standing or estimation in the eyes of people
libidinous
adj. lustful
interlocutor
n. one who takes part in dialogue or conversation
cavalcade
n. a sequence; a series
expatriate
adj. living in a foreign country, exile
rara avis
n. a rare or unique person or thing.
predilection
n. an established preference for something
imbrication
n. an overlapping of edges (as of tiles)
daft
adj. foolish, insane
racy
adj. full of zest
aggregate
n. a mass or body of units or parts somewhat loosely associated with one another
scintilla
n. a tiny or scarcely detectable amount; the slightest particle; a trace; a spark
pristine
adj. having the purity of its original state
nascent
adj .coming into existence : beginning to grow or develop
ennui
n. boredom
detritus
n. loose material that is worn away from rocks
pusillanimous
adj. lacking in courage and resolution; contemptibly fearful; cowardly
decadence
n. deterioration, decline
amenable
adj. compliant, answerable
abysmal
adj. immeasurably deep : BOTTOMLESS 2 : absolutely wretched <~ living conditions of the poor>
labile
adj. open to change; apt or likely to change; adaptable
bask
v. to enjoy something warmly comforting
stipulate
v. to make an agreement; esp : to make a special demand for something as a condition in an agreement
spurn
v. to reject with disdain
bicameral
adj. having or consisting of two legislative branches
caldera
n. a large crater usu. formed by the collapse of a volcanic cone
allegory
n. the expression through symbolism of truths or generalizations about human experience
bivouac
n. a temporary encampment or shelter
aver
v. to affirm with confidence; to declare in a positive manner, as in confidence of asserting the truth.
levity
n. lack of seriousness syn lightness, flippancy, frivolity
trammel
n. something impeding activity, progress, or freedom
abash
v. to humiliate, degrade
abet
v. to aid or support, esp. someone who has done something wrong
abeyance
n. suspension, temporary cession
abjure
v. to repudiate, to refrain from
abomination
n. something despised, extreme loathing
aboriginal
adj. native, dating back to the very beginning
abound
v. to be very numerous
abrogate
v. to abolish or repeal, to nullify
accede
v. to yield, to give in
accentuate
v. to emphasize
acclaim
v. to priase publicly and enthusiastically
accord
v. to agree
accounterments
n. personal clothing
accrue
v. to accumulate over time
acquisitive
adj. seeking or tending to acquire, greedy
aquit
v. to find not guiltly
adage
n. a proverb
adduce
v. to bring forward as an example of, to cite
adjourn
v. to suspend until another time
adjunct
n. something added to or connected with something else; an assistant
ad-lib
v. to improvise
advent
n. arrival, coming, beginning
adventitious
adj. accidental, irrevelant
affidavit
n. a sworn written statement made before an official
affliction
n. misery, suffering; a source of misery or suffering
affront
n. insult; a deliberate act of disrespect
aggrandize
v. to exaggerate
aggrive
v. to mistreat, to do grievious injury to; to distress
altercation
n. a heated fight, argument, quarrel
ancillary
adj. subordinate, providing assistance
angst
n. anxiety, fear, dread
annuity
n. an annual allowance or income; any regular allowawnce or income
antedate
v. to have come before
anterior
adj. situated in front
anthropomorphic
adj. ascribing human characteristics to nonhuman animal or things
antipodal
adj. exact opposites
antiquity
adj. ancientness
apex
n. highest point
apogee
n. the most distant point in the orbit of th emoon or an artifcial satelitte; acme
apoplexy
n. stroke from paralysis resulting from sudden loss of blood flow to the brain
apostasy
n. abandonment or rejection in faith or loyalty
appellation
n. a name
appendage
n. something added on to something else; a supplement
apposite
adj. distinctly suitable; pertinent
appraise
v. to estimate the value or quality of; to judge
aprise
v. to give notice to; to inform
appurtenance
n. something extra, an appendage, an accessory
apropos
adj. appropriate; coming at the right time
armament
n. implements of war; the process of arming for war
armistice
n. truce
arraign
v. to bring to court to answer an indictment; to accuse
arrant
adj. utter; very bad
arrears
n. the state of being in debt, unpaid dept
ascribe
v. to give credit to; to attribute
askance
adv. with suspicion or disapproval
aspersion
n. a slanderous or damning remark
assert
v. to claim strongly; to affirm
astringent
adj. harsh, severe
atone
v. to make amends
atrophy
v. to wither away; to decline from disuse
attest
v. to give proof of; to give testimony
augur
v. to serve as an omen or to be a sign
august
adj. inspiring admiration or awe
auspices
n. protection, support, sponsorship
aversion
n. a strong feeling of dislike
avid
adj. eager; enthusiastic
bacchanal
n. a party animal; a drunken reveler
baleful
adj. threatful; menacing
balk
v. to abruptly refire to do something; to stop short
ballyhoo
n. sensational advertising or promotion; uproar
bandy
v. to toss something back and forth; to exchange
baroque
n. extravangantly ornate; flamboyant in style
barrage
n. a concentrated outpouring of anrtillery, or anything else
bauble
n. a small, inexpensive ornament
begrudge
v. to envy another's possession or enjoyment of something
bacchanal
n. a party animal; a drunken reveler
baleful
adj. mancing
balk
v. to abruptly refuse (to do something); to stop short
ballyhoo
n. sensational advertising or pormotion; uproar
balm
n. something that heals or soothes
bandy
v. to toss back and forth; to exchange
banter
n. an exchange or good-humoerd or midly teasing remarks
baroque
adj. extravagantly ornate; flamboyant in style
barrge
n. a concentrated outpouring of artillery fire
bauble
n. a gaudy trinkey; a small, inexpensive ornament
bedlam
n. noisy uproar and chaos; a place characterized by this
begrudge
v. to envy another's possesssion or enjoyment of something; to be relectant to give, or to give grudingly
behest
n. command; order
bemoan
v. to mourn about; to lament
benediction
n. a blessing; an utterance of good wishes
benighted
adj. ignorant; unenlightened
bestow
v. to present as a gift; to confer
bilious
adj. ill-tempered; cranky
bivouac
n. a temporary encampment, especially of soldiers
blank
v. to turn pale; to cause to turn pale
bluster
v. to roar; to be loud; to be tumultous
bon vivant
n. a person who enjoys good food, good drink, and luxuriuos living
bona fide
adj. sincere, done or made in good faith; authentic; genuine
boon
n. a blessing; a benefit
boor
n. a rude or churlish person
booty
n. goods taken from an enemy in war; plunder; stolen or confiscated goods
botch
v. to bungle; to ruin through poor or clumsy effort
brandish
v. to wave or display threateningly
brawn
n. big muscles; great streath
brazen
adj. impudent; bold
breach
n. a violation; a gap or break
brink
n. edge
bromide
n. a dull obvious overfamiliar saying; a cliche
brouhaha
n. uproar; hubbub
bulwark
n. a wall used as a defeensive fortication; anything used as the main defense against anything else
cabal
n. a group of conspirators; the acts of such group; a clique
cache
n. a hiding place; the things hidden in a secret place
calumny
n. slander; a maliciously false statement
canon
n. a rule or law; especially a religious body of rules or laws; an official set of holy books; an authoritative list; set of works by an author that are accepted as authentic
cant
n. insincere or hypocritical speech
canvass
v. to seek votes or opinions; to conduect a survey
carcinogenic
adj. causing cancer
cardinal
adj. most important; chief
careen
v. to swerve; to move rapidly w/o control; to lean to one side
cartography
n. the art of making maps and charts
cascade
n. a waterfall; anything resembling a waterfall
cataclysm
n. a violent upheaval; an earthquake; a horrible flood
caucus
n. a meeting of the members of a political arty or political faction; a political group whose members have common interests or goals
cavalier
adj. arrogant; haughty; carefree; casual
cavil
v. to quibble; to raise trivial objections
chaff
n. worthlesstuff
champion
v. to defent; to support
channel
v. to direct; to cause to follow a certain path
churl
n. a rude person; a boor
chutzpah
n. brazeness; audacity
cipher
n. zero; a nobody; a code; the solution to a code
citadel
n. a fortress defending a city; a stronghold; a bulwark
clandestine
adj. concealed or secret, usually for an evil or subversive purposve
clout
adj. a blow; influence
cogitate
v. to ponder; to meditate; to think carefully about
cohort
n. a grouop
concede
v. to acknowledge as true or right; to yield
concentric
adj. having the same center (eg. archery target)
concert
n. combined action; agreement
concomitant
adj. following from; accompanying; going along with
confederate
n. an ally; an accomplice
confer
v. to exhange ideas; to consult with; to bestow
conflagration
n. a large fire
confluence
n. a flowing together
confound
v. to bewilder; to amze; to throw into confusion
connive
v. to conspoire; to aid or encourage a wrong by feigning ignorance of it
conservatory
n. a greenhouse, usually one attached to another structure; a music or drama school
consign
v. to hand over; to assign; to entrust; to banish
constituency
n. a group of voters represented by a politician; a group of supporters for anything
continuum
n. a continuous whole without clear division into parts
contraband
n. smuggled goods
contumely
n. rudeness; insolence; aroogance
convene
v. to gather together; to aseemble; to meet
conversant
adj. familiar; experienced
converse
n. the opposite
convolution
n. a twist or turn; the act of twisting or turning
corollary
n. a proposition that follows earily and obviously from another; a natural consquence or conclusion
corrugated
adj. shaped with folds or waves
coterie
n. a group of close associates; a circle of riends or associates
crass
adj. exremely unrefined; gross; stupid
craven
adj. cowardly
crux
n. the central point; the essence
cull
v. to poick out from among many; to select; to collect
curb
v. to restrain or control
cursory
adj. real and unthorough; hasty; superficial
debase
v. to lower in uality or value; to degrade
decree
n. an official order, usually having the force of law
decry
v. to put down; to denounce
defunct
adj. no longer in effect; no longer in existence
delinquent
adj. neglecting a duty or law; late in payment
delve
v. to search or study intensively
demure
adj. shy; reserved; sedate
denomination
n. a classification, a category name
denounce
v. to condemn
deplore
v. to regret; to condemn; to lament
depose
v. to remove from office or position of power
depredate
v. to prey upon; to plunder
derelict
adj. neglectful; delinquent; deserted
desist
v. to stop doing (something)
diatribe
n. a bitter, abusive denunciation
dichotomy
n. a division into two parts, espcially contradictory ones
dilate
adj. to make larger; to become larger; to speark or write at length
diminution
n. the act or process of diminishing; reduction
dire
adj. disastrous; desperate
dirge
n. a funeral song
discourse
n. spoken or written expression in words; conversation
discrepancy
n. difference; inconsistency
disposition
n. characteristic attitude; state of mind; inclination
dissent
v. to disagree; to withhold approval
disservice
n. a harmful action; an ill turn
dissident
n. a person who disagrees or dissents
diurnal
adj. occuring every day; ccuring during the daytime; active during the day
divulge
v. to reveal, especially to reveal something that has been a secret
doldrums
n. low spirits; a state of inactivity
doleful
adj. sorrowful; filled with grief
dolt
n. a foolish person; a dunce
dour
adj. forbidding; severe; gloomy
downplay
v. to minimize; to represent as being insignificant
dross
n. worthless stuff, especially worthless stuff arising from the production of valuable stuff
duress
n. coercion; compulsion by force or threat (often precded by "under")
edict
n. an official decree
elation
n. a feeling of great joy
electorate
n. the body of people entitled to vote in an election; the voters
elegy
n. a mournful poem or other piece of writing
emaciate
v. to make extremely thin through starvation or illness
emanate
v. to come froth; to issue
embody
v. to personify; to give physial form to
embriol
v. to involve in conflict; to throw into disorder
endear
v. to make dear; to make beloved
entail
v. to have as a necessary consequence; to involve
entreat
v. to ask earnestly; to beg; to plead
entrepreneur
n. an independent business person; one who starts, runs, and assums the risk of operating an indepenent business enterprise
enumerate
v. to name one by one; to list
equestrian
adj. having to do with horsebackriding
excise
v. to remove by cutting, or as if by cutting
exhume
v. to unbury; to dig our of the groud
expiate
v. to make amends for; to atone for
explicate
v. to make a detailed explanation of the meaning of
exposition
n. explanation; a large public exhibition
expunge
v. to earse; to eliminate any trace of
extant
adj. still in existence
extort
v. to obtain through force, threat, or illicit means