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77 Cards in this Set

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Mature Male Pig
Boar
Mature Female Pig
Sow
Newborn Pig
Piglet
Young Male Pig
Boar
Young Female Pig
Gilt
Castrated Male Pig
Barrow
Normal Temp of a Pig
102.0 - 103.6
Normal Pulse of a Pig
60 - 80 bpm
Normal Respiration of a Pig
8 - 13 Rpm
What is a Pig Snare?
Long metal pole with a wire loop on the end
Put over the upper jaw only
What is Cane & Boards
Used to herd Pigs
When does puberty begin in Pigs?
6 months of age
When is breeding season
Year Round
What is the length of the estrus cycle?
18-21 days
How long is the heat cycle?
2-3 days
What are the signs of heat?
Red & Swollen Vulva
Stand when pressure is applied to their back
What is a female cervix like?
Corkscrew
What is the males penis like?
Corkscrew
What are the five main things about newborn care?
1) Dip imbilicus in iodine
2) Give iron injection
3) Ear notch
4) Tail docking
5) Needle teeth clipped
Why are their ears notched?
ID purposes
Why are they given an iron injection?
Sows milk low in iron
When are pigs generally weaned
3 - 5 weeks
What is an open herd?
New pigs added to herd all the time
What is a closed herd?
All in - All out
What is a major concern with an open herd?
Increased Dz
What are the 5 age groups of pigs?
1) nursing pigs
2) Pre-starters
3) Starters
4) Grower
5) Finisher
What age are nursing pigs?
Birth to 3 weeks of age
What age are pre-starters?
3- 5 weeks
What age are Starters
5 - 10 weeks
What age are Growers?
10 - 16 weeks
What age are Finishers?
16 - 24 weeks
What are three production methods?
1) Farrowing unit
2) Farrow to Finish
3) Finishing Unit
What do Farrowing units sell?
Weanlings
What do Farrow to Finish units sell?
Finished pigs for slaughter
What do Finishing units sell?
Finished pigs for slaughter
Where is blood typically drawn from a pig?
1) Anterior Vena Cava
2) Jugular Vein
3) Cephalic Vein
4) Ear Vein
4 total
How are drugs administered?
1) IM
2) SQ
3) IN
3 total
Dz:
Spontanious Abortions
Mumified Fetus
Stillborn
Porcine Parvovirus
Cause: Virus
Prevention: Vx & Closed Herd
DZ:
Encephalitis
Abortion
Mumified Fetus
Stillbirth
Pseudorabies
DZ:
Severe yellow diarrhea in baby pigs
Dehydration
Colibacillosis
DZ:
Diarrhea in nursing pigs
Rotovirus
DZ:
Diarrhea in piglets
Coronavirus
DZ:
Bloody Diarrhea
Clostridium perfringens
DZ:
Diarrhea in piglets less than 10 days old
increased death rate
Transmissible Gastroenteritis (TGE)
DZ:
Bloody diarrhea in pigs 3 months old
Swine dysentery
DZ:
Destruction of nasal tubulians
Predisposition of pneumonia
Atrophic Rhinitis
DZ:
Arthritis
Diamond shape rash on back
Erysipelas
(Diamond back dz)
DZ:
Circling
Itching
Begin to paddle
May have blindness
Salt toxicity
When are pigs castrated?
2-3 weeks of age
Why are pigs castrated?
To avoid boar taint
What are the two types of hernias?
1) Inguinal
2) Umbilical hernias
What is:
Ascaris suum
Roundworm
Where are roundworms found?
Small Intestines
What is:
Metastrongylus?
Lungworm
Where are Lungworms found?
What are the signs?
Lungs
Coughing
What is the intermediate host for lungworms?
Earthworms
What is:
Oesophagostomum dentatum?
Nodular Worm
Where are Nodular worms found?
Large intestine
What is:
Hyostrongylus Rubidus?
Stomach Worm
Where is the stomach worm found?
Stomach
1) What is the stomach worm considered?
2) What does the stomach worm cause?
1) Bloodsucker
2) Anemia
What is Trichinella spiralis caused from?
Eating infected meat
(either raw or under cooked)
What are the signs of Trichinella Spiralis?
Muscle pain & lameness
Where is the swine kidney worm found?
Kidney & ueters
What is:
Trichuris Suis?
Whipworm
1) Where is the whipeworm found?
2) What does it cause
1) Large intestines
2) Diarrhea
Shoulder
What is Number 1?
Jowl
What is number 2?
Nipple
What is number 3?
Pastern
What is number 4?
Dewclaw
What is number 5?
Hock
What is number 6?
Ham
What is number 7?
Loin
What is number 9?
What does "shire" at the end of a name mean?
Errect ears
What color typically produce larger litters?
White breeds
Which color is typically meater and grow faster?
Colored Breeds