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45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Critical Thinking
- Encarta Dictionary states it is a type of ____
- which is ____ that combines research, knowledge of historical context, and balanced judgement
- critcal analysis
- disciplined intellecutal criticism
Critical Thinking
- entails ___, ____, ___ thinking that requires careful identification of the ___, ___, and ___
- purposeful, informed, outcome focused (results oriented)
- problems, issues, and risks
Critical Thinking
- is driven by ___, ___, and ___ needs
- patient
- family
- community
Critical Thinking
- is based on the principles of ___ and on ___
- nursing process
- scientific method
Critical Thinking
- uses both ___ and ___, based on knowledge, skills, and experience of nursing
- logic
- intuition
Critical Thinking
- is guided by professional standards from ___, ___, and ___
- NAPNES
- NFLPN
- Code of Ethics
Critical Thinking
- calls for strategies that make the most of ___ and compensates for problems created by ___
- example
- human potential
- ex: individual strengths
- human nature
- ex: personal beliefs, values, and prejudices
The 2 main ways of thinking are ___ and ___
- Directed (focused)
- Nonfocused
Nonfocused Thinking
- meaning
- ( letting your mind run )
Habitual Thinking
- meaning
- ( automatic pilot )
Random Thoughts
- meaning
- ( no set reason ) / ( mental channel surfing )
Ruminative Thinking
- meaning
- ( instant replay )
All-or-None Thinking
- meaning
- ( black and white )
Negative Thinking
- meaning
- ( emotional sabotage ) / ( mental block )
Directed (focused) Thinking
- meaning
- ( purposeful and outcome oriented )
Problem-Oriented Thinking
- meaning
- ( focus on a particular problem to find a solution )
Critcal Thinking
- meaning
- ( problem solving method )
To engage your brain out of habit without much consciuos thought
Nonfocused Thinking
Invloves any routine we do that is important, but does not require us to think hard about how to do it
Habitual Thinking
Multiple short scenes or thoughts that come and go through the mind and have no particular purpose or goal
Random Thoughts
The same situation or scene is replayed in the mind over and over without reaching an outcome
Ruminative Thought
The mind is made up and no additional facts will be considered
All-or-None Thinking
The mind is stuck on negative thoughts and blocks worthwhile thinking
Negative Thinking
Thinking that is purposeful and outcome oriented
Directed (focused) Thinking
Focusing on a particular problem in order to find a solution
Problem Oriented Thinking
An advanced way of thinking used to resolve problems and find ways to improve a situation even if no problems exist
Critical Thinking
5 factors needed to think critically
- access information
- comprehend information
- store comprehended in long term memory
- recall comprehended information
- know what to do when information is not in long term memory
3 factors that influence critical thinking
- upbringing and culture
- motivation
- attitude
Effective Reading
- your ability to indentify the ___ and potential ___ of what you are reading
- your ability to organize ___ and ___ it efficiently
- is more than reading ___
- significance and application
- data and access
- with speed
Problem Solving
- knowledge of problem solving and nursing process is based on the same principles as ___
- critical thinking
Communication Skills
- communicating effectively means being ___ of the message you are sending ___, ___, and ___
- aware
- verbally, in writing, and body language
Self Confidence
- is the personal characteristic that is ___ to students
- without it students waste a lot of ___
- ___ may cause an individual to assume that they are correct even without sufficient data to back them up
- least available
- energy worrying that they will not get it
- overconfidence
Ability / Capability
- must have the ___ and the ___ to do the work and know how to access the ___
- knowledge
- skills
- resources
Collaboration
- has been shown to promote ___ skills
- makes use of combining different ___
- critical thinking
- learning prefrences
Anxeity and Fatigue
- effectively stops ___
- critical thinking
Mentors
- will assist you in learning to identify ___ in nursing care
- priorities
4 congnitive levels
- Knowledge
- Comprehension
- Application
- Analysis
Knowledge
- definition
- lowest level of ___
- ___ is not the same as ___
- Example
- ability to recall or repeat the information that has been memorized
- learning
- memorizing is not the same as understanding the concept
- ex: defining a concept as stated in a dictionary
Comprehension
- definition
- lowest level of ___
- to comprehend is to ___
- example
- the ability to understand info at its basic level
- understanding
- to grasp the meaning of the material
- ex: the ability to repeat info in your own words
Application
- definition
- higher level of ___
- involves being able to ___ what is ___
- you must be able to use the knowledge to ___ depending on ___
- example
- ability to use what you have learned
- understanding
- prioritze or determine what is most important
- tailor approaches depending on circumstances
- ex: applying what is learned in class to your clinical work
Analysis
- definition
- higher level of ___
- to ___ in a patient situation to process a safe response
- example
- ability to breakdown complex info into pieces to understand the whole
- application
- to organize and prioritize two or more pieces of info
- ex: to be able to choose the most important symptoms that are all present in a patient with a specific problem
To repeat information exactly as read or told; does not imply understanding of the information
Knowledge
Basically understand information, recall it, and identify examples of that info
Comprehension
Use learned behavior in new situations
Application
Breakdown complex information into its basic parts and realate it to the whole picture
Analysis