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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
immovable type of joint
Synarthosis
slightly movable type of joint
amphiarthrosis
freely movable type of joint
diarthrosis
amphiarthrotic joint, such as the tibia-fibula joint
syndesmosis
complete fusion, such as in the pelvic bones
synostoses
temporary synarthrotic joint that eventually fuses
synchondrosis
decrease and increase of anterior surface of bone, as in bending head forward
Flexion/ Extension
beyond normal position
hyperextension
extension of foot at ankle joint
dorsiflexion/ plantarflexion
movement of bone away from/ toward midline of body
abduction/ adduction
movement of bone around own axis, as in head's "no" motion
rotation
distal end of bone moves in circle and proximal end remains stable
circumduction
movement of sole of foot inward and outward at ankle joint
inversion/ eversion
movement of mandible horizontally
protraction/ retraction
movement of palm of hand anterior and posterior
supination/ pronation
movement of body part up/ down
elevation/ depression
six types of synovial joints
Gliding, hinge, pivot, ellipsoidal, saddle, ball and socket
large, round protuberance at the end of a bone
condoyle
smooth flat articular surface
facet
three structural classifications of joints
fibrous, synovial, cartilaginous