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30 Cards in this Set

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Electromagnetic Modalities
Includes cryotherapy, thermotherapy, electrical
stimulating currents, diathermy and lasers
What does electromagnetic therapy rely on?
-Rely on electromagnetic energy, which travels at the speed of light.

-The energy can be absorbed, refracted, reflected or
transmitted.
Acoustic Modalities
ULTRA SOUND!!!
-Vibration of tissue produces heat and impacts cell me permeability
Mechanical Modalities
intermittent compression, massage

-nvolves mechanically stretching, compressing and manipulating soft tissue and joint structures
Transmission of Thermal Energy
Conduction. Convection. Conversion.
Conduction
Heat is transferred from a warmer object to a cooler
one-TOUCH
Examples of Conduction Modalities
Moist hot packs, paraffin, ice packs and cold packs
Convection
Transfer of heat through movement of fluids or gases
Examples of Convection Modalities
Whirlpool
Conversion
Generation of heat from another object (sound, electricity or chemical agents)
Desired effects of Thermotherapy
Increase collagen extensibility; decreasing joint stiffness; reducing pain; relieving muscle spasm; reduction of edema and swelling; increasing blood flow
Examples of Thermotherapy
Heat Pack, Warm Whirlpool, Paraffin Bath,Contrast Bath, and Fluidotherapy
Classifications of Electromagnetic Modalities
Thermotherapy, Cryotherapy, Electrical stimulating currents
Concerns with Thermotherapy
-The heat must be absorbed into the tissue and spread to adjacent tissue.
-Too much heat could damage the tissue
Cryotherapy
-Used in first aid treatment of trauma to the musculoskeletal system

-When applied intermittently w/ compression, rest and elevation it reduces many adverse conditions related to inflammation and the reactive phase of an acute injury
Which category of modality results in Vasoconstriction?
Cryotherapy
Which category of modality results in Vasodilatation?
Thermotherapy
Examples of Cryotherapy
Ice Massage, Cold water immersion, Ice Packs
Three types of E-Stem
Muscle Re-education, Pain/Spasm, Reduce Swelling
Ultra sound
Stimulates repair of soft tissue and pain relief
Phonophoresis
Method of driving molecules through the skin using mechanical vibration
What are the four distinct evaluations?
1Preparticipation examination
2On the field injury asses.
3off the field injury asses
4progress evaluation
Symptoms
perceptible changes in body or function that indicate injury or illness, SUBJECTIVE
Sign
definitive and obvious indicator for specific condition, OBJECTIVE
Degree
grading for injury eval
Diagnosis
Denotes name of specific condition
Prognosis
prediction of the course of the condition
Sequela
condition following and resulting from disease or injury
Syndrome
group of symptoms and signs that together indicate a particular injury or disease
Special Tests Template
MFT(bump, percuss, compress, distract)
AROM
PROM
MMT
Ligamentous
Super Special
Neuro