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13 Cards in this Set

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When do you use the preterite?
For actions that can be viewed as single events

For actions that were repeated a specific number of times

For actions that occurred during a specific period of time

For actions that were part of a chain of events

To state the beginning or the end of an action
When do you use the imperfect?
For actions that were repeated habitually

For actions that "set the stage" for another past action

For telling time

For stating one's age

For mental states (usually)

For physical sensations (usually)

To describe the characteristics of people, things or conditions
What phrases signal the use of the preterite?
ayer (yesterday)
anteayer (the day before yesterday)
anoche (last night)
desde el primer momento(from the first moment)
el otro día (the other day)
en ese momento (at that moment)
entonces (then)
esta mañana (this morning)
esta tarde (this afternoon)
la semana pasada (last week)
el mes pasado (last month)
el año pasado (last year)
hace dos días, años (two days, years ago)
ayer por la mañana(yesterday morning)
ayer por la tarde (yesterday afternoon)
What phrases signal the use of the imperfect?
a menudo (often)
a veces (sometimes)
cada día (every day)
cada semana (every week)
cada mes (every month)
cada año (every year)
con frecuencia (frequently)
de vez en cuando (from time to time)
en aquella época (at that time)
frecuentemente (frequently)
generalmente (usually)
muchas veces (many times)
mucho (a lot)
nunca (never)
por un rato (for awhile)
siempre (always)
tantas veces (so many times)
todas las semanas (every week)
todos los días (every day)
todo el tiempo (all the time)
varias veces (several times)
In general, you use the preterite after phrases that...
indicate specific time frames
In general, you use the imperfect after phrases that...
indicate repetitive, vague or non-specific time frames
What are the ONLY 3 irregulars in the imperfect?
SER:
era
eras
era
éramos
erais
eran

IR
iba
ibas
iba
íbamos
ibais
iban

VER
veía
veías
veía
veíamos
veíais
veían
-AR imperfect
HABLAR

hablaba
hablabas
hablaba
hablábamos
hablabais
hablaban
-ER/-IR imperfect
COMER

comía
comías
comía
comíamos
comíais
comían

VIVIR

vivía
vivías
vivía
vivíamos
vivíais
vivían
-AR preterite
é
aste
ó
amos
asteis
aron
-ER/-IR preterite
í
iste

imos
isteis
ieron
preterite stem changes
andar: anduv-
estar: estuv-
tener: tuv-
caber: cup-
haber: hub-
poder: pud-
poner: pus-
saber: sup-
hacer: hic-
querer: quis-
venir: vin-

accompanied by these endings:
-e
-iste
-o
-imos
-isteis
-ieron
orthographic spelling changes (preterite)
Verbs that end in -gar change g to gu

Verbs that end in -car change c to qu

Verbs that end in -zar change z to c

Verbs that end in -aer, -eer, -oír, -oer, and uir change ió to yó and ieron to yeron