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33 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what was the major issue in the election of 1844?
who was the democrat's candidate in '44 and what did he campaign for?
James K Polk- campaigned for the acquisition of all of oregon ("54-40 or fight!")
who won the election of '44?
what was the issue of the election of '48?
slavery in the new territories
What did both major parties fail in?
they failed in taking a firm stand on slavery which led to a split in the democratic ranks
what did the split in the democrats allow?
General Zachary Taylor, the whig candidate became president by dfeating Lewis Cass, the democrat nominee
What did the Free Soil Party oppose?
further extension of slavery in the territories
Who did the free soil party attract?
antislavery whigs and democrats, as well as abolitionists
who was the free soil party's candidate in the election of '48?
van buren
What did the election of 1852 show that the nation as a whole wanted?
sectional truce (compromise of 1850)
'52- how did both major party platforms view the compromise?
as a "final" solution to the slavery question
'52- who did the democrats nominate?
Franklin Pierce
'52- who did the whigs nominate?
Winfield Scott
'52- what did both of the presidential candidates avoid doing?
avoided expressing themselves clearly on the slavery issue
who won and why?
pierce, because many northern and southern whigs were dissatisfied with their party's noncommittal stand
The presidential election of 1856 took place at the height of what crisis?
bleeding kansas
'56- ________ the democrat nominee defeated __________ the republican candidate
james buchanan; john c fremont
'56 what did the democrats support and who did they receive the most support from?
supported the Kansas- Nebraska Act and the principle of popular sovereignty; the south
'56- what did the republicans oppose?
further extension of slavery in the territories
'56- what happened to the whigs?
tried to straddle the issue, marked the end as a national party
in the election of 1860 who did the democrats nominatea and what was their platform?
stephen a. douglas; supported the freeport doctrine
'60- what did the southern democrats do?
they were angry at the failure of the party to adopt a proslavery platform, so they nominated John C. Breckinridge on a platform which advocated the protection and extension of slavery
'60- who made up the constitutional union party?
former whigs and know nothings
'60 who did the CUP nominae and on what platform?
John Bell on the platform that called for maintaining the union and compromise on the slavery question
Who did the republicans nominate and on what platform?
abe lincoln on a platrfrom for preservation of the union and exclusion of slavery from the territories. To win the support of western farmers and northern industrialists, they also support a homestead act (distribution of free ladn), internal improvements, a stable currency, and a protective tariff
'60- what was the result?
lincoln received a large majority of the votes in the elctoral college, but only 40% popular vote. Support came almost exclusively from the northern states
Who was elected in the election of 1864 and on what platform?
Lincoln- no compromise with the confederacy
'64- who was lincoln's running mate?
andrew johnson
in the election of 1876 who did the republicans chose as their nominee?
rutherford b hayes
'76 - who did the democrats select?
smuel tilden
'76 election returns
showed that tilden had received the popular vote, and that the electoral vote (184-165) was in tilden's favor, and the 20 electoral votes were in dispute
disputed votes
tilden's electoral votes fell one short of the 185 needed for election. disputed votes of 4 states ( s carolina, florida, louisiana, and oregon) were of crucial importance. IN each state two different sets of returns had been filed
what did congress set up to judge the disputed votes?
an electoral commision, which awarded all 20 votes to hayes giving him majority