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59 Cards in this Set

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What ages are considered preschool period?
Ages 3 to 6 years
Which of the following are true about the preschooler?
(1.) Has a more mature body structure
(2.) Has the ability to control and use the body
(3.) Has a facility with language that more closely resembles that of the adult than that of the toddler
(4.) All above are correct about a preschooler
4
True or False

The major psychological thrust of the preschool period of development is mastery of self as an independent human being, with a willingness to extend experiences beyond those of the family.
True
Which of the following is false about the physical changes in a preschooler?
(1.) The protuberant abdomen of the toddler disappears as the pelvis begins to straighten and the abdominal muscles develop
(2.) The hips gradually rotate inward, replacing out-toeing with straight or slight intoeing
(3.) The skin's capacity to localize infection decreases but remains less than mature
(4.) The kidneys have reached full maturity by end of infancy and early toddlerhood
3
Fill in the blank

_________ tend to expereince more childhood illnesses than do girls during the ages 3 to 6
Boys
What age begins open doors?
3 years
What age begins kicking a ball, jumps in place, and rides on a tricycle?
3 years
What age begins building a tower of nine blocks?
3 years
What age begins to demonstrate speech that is mostly intelligable?
3 years
What age begins to know own name, age, and gender?
3 years
What age begins to comprehend cold, tired, hungry?
3 years
What age begins to put on some clothing and/or shoes?
3 years
What age begins to alternate feet when descending stairs, jumps forward, hops on one foot, and can stand on 1 foot?
4 years
What age begins walking on tiptoes?
4 years
What age begins throwing a ball overhead
4 years
What age begins to cut and paste?
4 years
What age begins to name three or four primary colors?
4 years
What age begins washing hands and brushes teeth?
4 years
What age begins to dresses and undresses with supervision?
4 years
What age is begins imaginative and intensely curious?
4 years
What age begins to draws a person with two or three parts?
4 years
What age begins to enjoy teh companionship of other children?
4 years
What age begins to skip?
5 years
What age begins to identify coins?
5 years
What age begins to know address and telephone number?
5 years
What age begins to learn letters of the alphabet?
5 years
What age begins to draw a person with a head, body, arms, and legs?
5 years
What age begins to understand right and wrong, fair and unfair?
5 years
What age begins to engage in dramatic make-believe and dress-up play?
5 years
What age begins to bounce a ball?
6 years
What age begins to skate, ride a bicylce?
6 years
What age begins to ties shoelaces?
6 years
What age begins to understand right from left?
6 years
True or False

Pain or illness my be viewed as a punishment to a preschooler
True
True or False

Establishing healthful nutritional and physical activity behaviors begins during childhood
True
True or False

Decreased consumption of fats and processed foods along with diminished physical activity have contributed toa significant increase in obesity and type 2 diabetes in children
False
True or False

Preschoolers do not enjoy helping to prepare family meals and may be incapable of making their own sandwiches
False
True or False

Most food allergies develop after the age of 2
False, before the age of 2
True or False

If the preschooler's clothing becomes soiled, they should not be responsible for changing their clothes and reminded gently and encouragingly of ways to avoid problems in the furture
False, they should be responsible
Which of the following are true about preschoolers?
1. They mimic the behavior of people familiar to them
2. Assuming an adult role in play allows children to consciously adopt more mature behaviors
3. Play constitutes and important role in preschooler's social and psychological development
4. All are true about preschoolers
4
What is the average sleeping hours for a preschooler?
8 to 12 hours a night
Fill in the Blank

Preschoolers usually require a ___________ of activities at bedtime to move from playing and being with others to being alone and falling asleep
Rituals
The bedtime ritual of a preschooler generally lasts ________ minutes
30
Fill in the Blank

_______________ manifest as frightening dreams that cause the child to sit up in bed, scream, stare at on imaginary object, breathe heavily, perspire, and appear in obvious distress. The child, in most cases, does not recall the dream and in the morining does not remember the incident
Night terrors
Fill in then Blank

____________ are a common cuse of night wakening. Theses children usually waken fully and feel fearful and helpless. usually they provide vivid descriptions at the time
Nightmares
Fill in the blank

Children who waken at night should be respected within ___________ limits
reasonable
Fill in the blank

The child gradually differentiates __________(1)__________ and defines __________(2)__________as concepts of time emerge
(1.) today from yesterday
(2.) tomarrow and the future
True or False

The child becomes more oriented in space and develops an awareness of the location of the home wihtin teh neighborhood
True
True or False

The child begins to structure daily activities and to value certain activities, objects, and people above others
True
True or False

The preschooler can mentally associate that the transformation from one state to another relates to the shape of the container, not the amount of the water
False
Fill in the Blank

_________________________ play predominates as the young child develops a more secure sense of self
Social interactive
Fill in the blank

By age of 6, the child should approach a __________ visual acuity level
20/20
What prepares the preschooler for school?
Social interaction during preschool years
Fill in the blank

The role of the preschooler as a girl or boy defines ______________ in the preschool period
Self-Concept
True or False

Preschoolers ask endless questions
True
Which activity would the nurse plan for a 4 year old girl 2 days after undergoing an appendectomy ?
1. Play a game of Monopoly
2. Dress up in a Cinderella gown
3. Participate in a game of hopscotch
4. Draw pictures of her mother and father
4
The nurse is teaching parents about typical sleep disturbances of the preschooler. Which recommendation would the nurse make to the parents?
1. Bedtime rituals of 1 hour or more should decrease sleep disturbances
2. Frightening television shows and stories should be banned before bedtime
3. Parents should help the child differentiate betwee pretend and real occurrences
4. When the child has night wakening events, reassurance is given by taking the child to the parent's bed
2 and 3
Cognitive development of the preschooler includes:
1. Transductve reasoning
2. The trait of irreversibility
3. Understanding the perspective of others
4. An ability to consider more than one factor when solving simple problems
1
The nurse assesses the preschooler's coping mechanisms as being developmentally appropriae through observation of
1. Temper tantrums
2. Fantasy play
3. Separation anxiety
4. Flexiable bedtime rituals
2