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26 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1st person plural (us)
3rd person plural, masculine or mixed group (them)
Where does the direct object pronoun go (in relation to the verb)?
Direct object pronouns go immediately before the verb.

"Compra la frutta e *la* mangia."
2nd person plural, informal (you)
3rd person singular, masculine (him, it)
3rd person plural, feminine (them)
2nd person singular, masc. formal (you)
Where does the "non" go in a negative sentence with a direct object pronoun?
"Non" must go before the object pronoun in a negative sentence.

("Non *la* mangia")
With what verbs can single direct object pronouns be elided?
Verbs that begin with a vowel, or forms of AVERE that begin with an h can be elided with single direct object pronouns.

"Non l'ho (lo ho) visto." [I haven't seen it]
2nd person singular, fem. formal (you)
2nd person plural, masc. formal (you)
3rd person singular, feminine (her, it)
How do you use an direct object pronoun with an infinitive?
Drop the final -e of the inifinative, and attach the correct pronoun to the end.

"E' una buon'idea invitarli."
"E' importante mangiarla ogni giorno."
Which direct object pronouns are never elided?
Plural forms of li and le are never elided.
1st person singular (me)
2nd person singular, informal (you)
2nd person plural, fem. formal (you)
How do you form expressions like "Here I am," "here you are," etc.?
Attach the direct object pronoun to ECCO to say "Here I am," "Here you are," etc.

"Eccomi!" [Here I am!]
"Eccola!" [Here she is!]
Which Italian verbs correspond to English verbs that are used with prepositions (but the Italian verbs do not)? (4)
ASCOLTARE [to listen to]
ASPETTARE [to wait for]
CERCARE [to look for]
GUARDARE [to look at]

"Cerco il mio ragazzo." [I'm looking for my boyfriend.]
With which (3)infinitives can you either attach the direct object pronoun to the infinitive *or* put it infront of the conjugated verb?
With DOVERE, POTERE, and VOLERE the direct object pronoun can *either* be attached to the infinitive *or* placed before the conjugated verb.

"Voglio mangiarla." or "La voglio mangiare."
What does CONOSCERE mean?
To be acquainted with someone or something. Also, to make the acquaintance of, to meet.

"Conosci l'amico di Giovanna?"
What does SAPERE mean? (when used alone)
To know a fact, to have knowledge of something.

"Non so perché non mangiamo."
What does SAPERE mean when used with an infinitive?
To know how to; to be able to

"Sapete ballare?"
Which direct object pronoun is the *only* one ever used with sapere?

"Sapete dov'è Monza?" "No *lo* sappiamo."
Which "to know" verb means "to meet" in the passato prossimo?

"Abbiamo conosciuto una signora molto simpatica dai Guidotti."
Which "to know" verb means "to find out (to hear)" in the passato prossimo?

"Iero ho saputo che i Mincuzzi sono partiti."