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545 Cards in this Set

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-ac -eal -ine
-al -ical -ior
-ar -ial -ory
-ary -ic -ous
-tic
petaining to
-ago -osis
-esis
-ia
-iasis
abnormal condition, disease
-ion
condition
-ism
condition, state of
a-
no,not without, away from, negative
-a
noun ending
ab-
away from, negative absent
abdomin/o
abdomen
-able
capable of, able to
abort/o
premature expulsion of a nonviable fetus
abrad/o, abras/o
rub or scrape off
abrupt/o
broken away from
abs-
away from
abscess/o
going away, collection of pus
absorpt/o
suck up, suck in
-ac
pertaining to
acanth/o
spiny, thorny
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
-acious
characterized by
acne/o
point or peak
acous/o, acoust/o
hearing, sound
acquir/o
get, obtain
acr/o
extremities (hands and feet)
top, extreme point
acromi/o
acromion, point of shoulder blade
actin/o
light
acu/o
sharp, severe, sudden
acuit/o, acut/o
sharp, sharpness
acust/o -acusia, -acusis
hearing, sense of hearing
ad-
toward, to , in direction of
aden/o
gland
adenoid/o
adenoids
adhes/o
stick to , cling to
adip/o
fat
adnex/o
bound to
adren/o, adrenal/o
adrenal glands
aer/o
air, gas
aesthet/o
sensation, sense of perception
af-
toward, to
affect/o
exert influence on
agglutin/o
clumping, stick together
aggress/o
attack, step forward
-ago
abnormal condition, disease
agor/a
marketplace
-agra
excessive pain, seizure, attack of severe pain
-aise
comfort, ease
-al
pertaining to
alb/i, alb/o, albin/o
white
albumin/o
albumin, protein
alg/e, algi/o, alg/o, algesi/o
relationship to pain
-algesia, -algesic
pain, painful condition
align/o
bring into line or correct position
aliment/o
to nourish
all/o, all-
other, different from normal, reversal
alopec/o
baldness, mangy
alveol/o
alveolus, air sac, small sac
ambi-
both sides, around or about, double
ambly/o
dull, dim
ambul/o, ambulat/o
walk
ametr/o
out of proportion
-amine
nitrogen compound
amni/o
amnion, fetal membrane
amph-
around, on both sides, doubly
amput/o, amputat/o
cut away, cut off a part of the body
amyl/o
starch
an-
no, not, without
an-, ana-
up, apart, backward, excessive
an/o
anus, ring
-an
characteristic of , pertaining to
-ancy
state of
andr/o
relationship to the male
aneurysm/o
aneurysm
angi/o
blood or lymph vessels
angin/o
angina, choking, strangling
anis/o
unequal
ankyl/o
crooked, bend stiff
anomal/o
irregularity
ante-
before, in front of
anter/o
before, front
anthrac/o
coal, coal dust
anti-
against
anxi/o, anxiet/o
uneasy, anxious
aort/o
aorta
ap-
toward to
-apheresis
removal
aphth/o
ulcer
apic/o
apex
aplast/o
defective development, lack of development
ap-, apo-
separation, away from, opposed detached
aponeur/o
aponeurosis (type of tendon)
apoplect/o
a stroke
append/o appendic/o
appendix
aqu/i, aqu/o, aque/o
water
-ar
pertaining to
arachn/o
spider web, spider
arc/o
bow, arc or arch
-arche
beginning
areat/o
occuring in patches or circumscribed areas
areol/o
little open space
-aria
connected with
arrect/o
upright, lifted up, raised
arter/o, arteri/o
artery
arthr/o, articul/o
joint
-ary
pertaining to
as-
toward, to
-ase
enzyme
aspir/o, aspiratat/o
to breathe in
asthen- , -asthenia
weakness, lack of strength
asthmat/o
gasping, choking
astr/o
star, star-shaped
at-
toward to
atel/o
incomplete , imperfect
ather/o
plaque, fatty substance
athet/o
uncontrolled
atop/o
strange, out of place
atres/i
without an opening
atri/o
atrium
attenuat/o
diluted, weakend
aud-, audi/o, audit/o
ear, hearing, the sense of hearing
aur/i, aur/o
ear, hearing
auscult/o
listen
aut/o
self
-ax
a noun ending thorax
axill/o
armpit
azot/o
urea, nitrogen
bacill/o
rod-shaped bacterium
bacteri/o
bacteria (singular- bactrium)
balan/o
glans penis
bartholin/o
Bartholin's gland
bas/o
base, opposite of acid
bi-, bis-
twice, double two
bio-
life
bifid/o
split, divided into two parts
bifurcat/o
divide or fork into two branches
bil/i
bile, gall
bilirubin/o
bilirubin
bin-
two by two
-blast
embryonic, immature, formative element
blephar/o
eyelid
borborygm/o
rumbling sound
brachi/o
arm
brachy-
short
brady-
slow
brev/i, brev/o
short
bronch/i, bronchi/o, bronch/o
bronchial tube, bronchus
bronchiol/o
bronchiole, bronchiolus
brux/o
grind
bucc/o
cheek
burs/o
bursa, sac of fluid near joint
byssin/o
cotton dust
cadaver/o
dead body, corpse
calc/i
calcium, lime, the heel
calci- , calc/o
calcium
calcane/o
calcaneus, heel bone
calcul/o
stone, little stone
cali/o, calic/o
cup, calyx
call/i, callos/o
hard, hardened and thickened
calor/i
heat
canalicul/o
little canal or duct
canth/o
corner of the eye
capill/o
hair
capit/o
head
capn/o
carbon dioxide, sooty or smoky appearance
capsul/o
little box
carbuncl/o
carbuncle
carcin/o
cancerous
cardi/o, card/o
heart
cari/o
rottenness, decay
carot/o
stupor, sleep
carp/o
wrist bones
cartilag/o
cartilage, gristle
caruncul/o
bit of flesh
cat-, cata-, cath-
down, lower, under, downward
catabol/o
a breaking down
cathart/o
cleansing, purging
cathet/o
insert, send down
caud/o
lower part of the body, tail
caus/o, caust/o
burning, burn
cauter/o, caut/o
heat, burn
cav/i, cav/o
hollow, cave
cavern/o
containing hollow spaces
cec/o
cecum
-cele
hernia, tumor, swelling
celi/o, cel/o
abdomen, belly
cement/o
cementum, a rough stone
cent-
hundred
-centesis
surgical puncture to remove fluid
cephal/o, -ceps
head
cera-
wax
cerebell/o
cerebellum
cerebr/o
cerebrum, brain
cerumin/o
cerumen, earwax
cervic/o
neck, cervix (neck of uterus)
cheil/o
lip
cheil/o
lip
cheir/o, chir/o
hand
chem/i, chem/o, chemic/o
drug, chemical
chlor/o
green
chlorhydr/o
hydrochloric acid
chol/e
bile, gall
cholangi/o
bile duct
cholecyst/o
gallbladder
choledoch/o
common bile duct
cholesterol
cholesterol
chondr/o
cartilage
chord/o
spinal cord, cord
chore/o
dance
chori/o, chorion/o
chorion, membrane
choroid/o
choroid layer of the eye
chrom/o , chromat/o
color
chron/o
time
chym/o
to pour, juice
cib/o
meal
cicatric/o
scar
-cidal
pertaining to killing
-cide
causing death
cili/o
eyelashes, microscopic hair like projections
cine-
relationship to movement
cic/i
ring to circle
circulat/o
circulate, go around in a circle
circum-
around, about
circumsis/o
cutting around
circumscrib/o
confined, limited in space
cirrh/o
orange-yello, tawny
cis/o
cut
clasis, clast
break down
claudicat/o
limping
claustr/o
barrier
clav/i
key
clavicul/o, cleid/o
clavicle, collar bone
climacter/o
crisis, rung of a ladder
clitor/o
clitoris
-clonus
violent action
clus/o
shut or close
-clysis
irrigation, washing
co-
together, with
coagul/o, coagulat/o
clotting, coagulation
coarct/o, coarctat/o
press together, narrow
cocc/i, cocc/o, coccus
spherical bacteria
coccyg/o
coccyx, tailbone
cochle/o
spiral, snail, snail shell
coher/o, cohes/o
cling, stick together
coit/o
a coming together
col/o , colon/o
colon, large intestine
coll/a
glue
colp/o
vagina
column/o
pillar
com-
together, with
comat/o
deep, sleep
comminut/o
break into pieces
communic/o
share, to make common
compatibil/o
sympathize with
con-
together, with
concav/o
hollow
concentr/o
condense, intensify, remove excess water
concept/o
become pregnant
conch/o
shell
concuss/o
shaken together, violently agitated
condyl/o
knuckle, knob
confus/o
confusion, disorder
coni/o
dust
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva, joined together connected
consci/o
aware, awareness
consolid/o
become firm or solid
constipat/o
pressed together, crowded together
constrict/o
draw tightly together
-constriction
narrowing
contact/o
touched, infected
contagi/o
infection, unclean, touching of something.
contaminat/o
render unclean by contact, pollute
contine/o, continent/o
keep in, contain, hold back, restrain
contra-
against, counter, opposite
contracept/o
prevention of conception
contus/o
bruise
convalesc/o
recover, become strong
convex/o
arched,m vaulted
convolut/o
coiled, twisted
convuls/o
pull together
copi/o
plentiful
copulat/o
joining together, linking
cor/o, core/o
pupil
cord/o
cord, spinal cord
cordi/o
heart
cori/o
skin, leather
corne/o
cornea
coron/o
coronary, crown
corp/u, corpor/o
body
corpuscul/o
little body
cort-
covering
cortic/o
cortex, outer region
cost/o
rib
cox/o
hip, hip join
crani/o
skull
-crasia
a mixture or blending
creatin/o
creatine
crepit/o, crepitat/o
crackling, rattling
crin/o, critic/o
turning point
-crit
to separate
cry/o
cold
crypt/o
hidden
cubit/o
elbow
cuboid/o
cubelike
culd/o
cul-de-sac, blind pouch
cult/o
cultivate
-cusis
hearing
cusp/i
point, pointed flap
cutane/o
skin
cyan/o
blue
cycl/o
ciliary body of eye, cycle
-cyesis
pregnancy
cyst-, -cyst
bladder, bag
cyst/o
urinary bladder, cyst, sac of fluid
cyt/o, - cyte
cell
-cytic
pertaining to a cell
-cytosis
condition of cells
dacry/o
tear, lacrimal duct (tear duct)
dacryocyst/o
lacrimal sac (tear sac)
dactyl/o
fingers, toes
de-
down, lack of , from, not , removal
debrid/e
open a wound
deca-, deci-
ten, tenth
decidu/o
shedding, falling off
decubit/o
lying down
defec/o, defecat/o
free from waste, clear
defer/o
carrying down or out
degenerat/o
gradual impairment, breakdown, diminished function
deglutit/o
swallow
dehisc/o
burst open, split
deliri/o
wandering in the mind
delt/o
greek letter delta, triangular shape
delus/o
delude, mock, cheat
dem/o
people, population
-dema
swelling (fluid)
demi-
half
dendr/o
branching, resembling a tree
dent/i, dent/o
tooth, teeth
depilat/o
hair removal
depress/o
press down lower, pressed or sunk down
derma-, dermat/o, derm/o
skin
desic/o
drying
-desis
surgical fixation of bone or joint to bind, tie together
deteriorat/o
worsening or gradual impairment
dextr/o
right side
di-
twice, twofold, double
dia-
through, between, apart, complete
diaphor/o
sweat
diaphragmat/o
diaphragm, wall across
diastol/o
standing apart, expansion
didym/o
testes, twin, double
diffus/o
pour out, spread apart
digest/o
divide, distribute
digit/o
finger, toe
dilat/o, dilatat/o
spread out, expand
-dilation
widening, stretching, expanding
dilut/o
dissolve, separate
diphther/o
membrane
dipl/o
double
dips/o -dipsia
thrist
dis-
negative, apart, absence of
dislocat/o
displacement
dissect/o
cutting apart
disseminant/o
widely scattered
dist/o
far
distend/o, distent/o
stretch apart, expand
diur/o, diuret/o
tending to increase urine output
divert/i
turning aside
domin/o
controlling, ruling
don/o
give
dors/i, dors/o
back of body
-dote
what is given
-drome
to run, running
-duct
opening
duct/o
to lead, carry
duoden/i, douden/o
duodenum
dural
pertaining to dura matter
-dynia
pain
dys-
bad, difficult, painful
e-
out of , from
-e
noun ending
-eal
pertaining to
ec-
out , outside
ecchym/o
pouring out of juice
ech/o
sound
eclamps/o, eclampt/o
flashing or shining forth
ectasia, -ectasis
stretching, dilation, enlargement
ecto-
out, outside
-ectomy
surgical removal, cutting out, excision
-ectopy
displacement
eczemat/o
eruption
-edema
swelling
edem-, edemat/o
swelling, fluid, tumor
edentul/o
without teeth
ef-
out
effect/o
bring out a response, activate
effus/o
pouringn out
ejaculat/o
throw or hurl out
electr/o
electricity, electric
eliminat/o
expel form the body
em-
in
emaciat/o
wasted by disease
embol/o
something inserted or thrown in
embry/o
fertilized ovum, embryo
-emesis
vomiting
emet/o
vomit
-emia
blood, blood condition
emmetr/o
in proper measure
emolli/o
make soft, soften
en-
in , within, inside
encephal/o
brain
end-, endo-
in, within, inside
endocrin/o
secrete within
enem/o
end in, inject
enter/o
small intestine
ento-
within
enzym/o
leaven
eosin/o
red, rosy
epi-
above, upon, on
epidemi/o
among the people, an epidemic
epididym/o
epididymis
epiglott/o
epiglottis
episi/o
vulva
epithel/i, epitheli/o
epithelium
equin/o
pertaining to a horse
-er
one who
erect/o
upright
erg/o, -ergy
work
erot/o
sexual love
eruct/o, eructat/o
belch forth
erupt/o
break out, brust forth
erythem/o, erythemat/o, erythr/o
flushed or redness
es-
out of , outside, away from
-esis
abnormal condition, disease
eso-
inward
esophag/o
esophagus
-esthesia, esthesi/o,
sensation, feeling
erythr/o
red
esthet/o
feeling nervous sensation, sense of perception
estr/o
female
ethm/o
sieve
eti/o
cause
eu-
good, normal, well, easy
-eurysm
widening
evacu/o, evacuat/o
empty out
ex-
out of, outside, away from
exacerbat/o
aggravate, irritate
exanthemat/o
rash
excis/o
cutting out
excori/o, excoriat/o
abrade or scratch
excret/o
separate, discharge
excruciat/o
intense pain, agony
exhal/o , exhalat/o
breathe out
exo-
out of , outside, away from
exocrin/o
secrete out of
expector/o
cough up
expir/o, expirat/o
breathe out
exstroph/o
turned or twisted out
extern/o
outside, outer
extra-
on the outside, beyond , outside,
extrem/o, extremit/o
extremity, outermost
extrins/o
from the outside, contained outside
exud/o, exudat/o
to sweat out
faci/o
face , form
-facient
making, producing
fasci/o
fascia, fibrous band
fascicul/o
little bundle
fatal/o
pertaining to fate, death
fauc/i
narrow pass, throat
febr/i
fever
fec/i, fec/o
dregs, sediment, waste
femor/o
femur, thigh bone
fenestr/o
window
fer/o
bear, carry
-ferent
carrying
-ferous
bearing, carrying, producing
fetil/o
fertile, fruitful, productive
fet/i, fet/o
fetus, unborn child,
fibr/o
fiber
fibrill/o
muscular twitching
fibrin/o
fibrin, fibers, threads of a clot
fibros/o
fibrous connective tissue
fibul/o
fibula
-fic, fic/o
making , producing, forming
-fication
process of making
-fida
split
filtr/o, filtrat/o
filter, to strain through
fimbri/o
fringe
fiss/o, fissur/o
crack , split, cleft
fistul/o
tube or pipe
flamme/o
flame colored
flat/o
flatus, breaking wind, rectal gas
flex/o
bend
flu/o
flow
fluor/o
luminous, glowing
foc/o
focus, point
foll/i
bag, sac
follicul/o
follicle, small sac
foramin/o
opening , foramen
fore-
before, in front of
-form, form/o
resembling, in the shape of
fornic/o
arch, vault, brothel
foss/o
ditch, shallow depression
fove/o
pit
fract/o
break, broken
fren/o
device that limits movement
frigid/o
cold
front/o
forehead, brow
-fuge
to drive away
funct/o, function/o
perform function
fund/o
bottom, base, ground
fung/i
fungus
furc/o
forking, branching
furuncul/o
furunculus, a boil, an infection
-fusion
pour
galact/o
milk
gamet/o
wife or husband, sperm or egg
gangli/o
ganglion
gangren/o
eating sore, gangrene
gastr/o
stomach, belly
gastrocnemi/o
gastrocnemius, calf muscle
gemin/o
twin, double
gen-, gen/o, -gen
producing, forming
-gene
production, origin, formation
-genic, -genesis
creation, reproduction
genit/o
produced by, birth, reproductive organs
-genous
producing
ger/i
old age
gemin/o
bud, sprout, germ
geront/o
old age
gest/o, gestat/o
bear, carry young or offspring
gigant/o
giant, very large
ginggiv/o
gingial tissue, gums
glauc/o
gray
glen/o
socket or pit
gli/o
neurologic tissue, supportive tissue of nervous system
globin/o, -globulin
protien
globul/o
little ball
glomerul/o
glomerulus
gloss/o
tongue
glott/i, glott/o
back of the tongue
gluc/o
glucose of sugar
glute/o
buttocks
glyc/o, glycos/o
glucose, sugar
glycer/o
sweet
glycogen/o
glycogen, animal starch
gnath/o
jaw
-gnosia
knowledge, to know