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39 Cards in this Set

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before the RDH initiates the vital procedures what should they do?
they should explain the purpose and method to obtaining the vitals to the patient
how often are the vital signs recorded in the clients chart?
at each visit
what is the systolic?
force exerted during ventricular contraction; heartbeat (highest pressure in cardiac cycle)
what can effect an increase in blood pressure?
age, exercise, stress, and medications
what else could a high body temperature signify?
the client has just finished exercising, drinking hot beverages, smoking or it could be a pathological condition
if the body temperature is greater than 99.5 it signifies what?
infection or disease
what is a normal blood pressure for adults?
100 to 140 mm hg/60 to 90 mmhg
what is considered abnormal blood pressure?
if value is 140-160 systolic and 90-95 diastolic, pressure should be checked 3 consecutive appointments, then refer to an MD. proceed with treatment
* systolic> 160
diastolic> 95
requires medical consult prior to beginning treatment
what must be recorded for the clients respiration?
rate, rhythm, quality, sound, patinet position
what blood pressure requires immediate medical consultation?
systolic > 200
diastolic> 115
How may the body temperature be decreased?
by starvation or shock
what is the procedure to measuring body temperature?
*shake the mercury below 96
*wait 15 minutes after the client has finished eating, drinking, or smoking
*place the themometer under their tongue for 3 minutes
*record the highest temperature
what is the normal range for a childs blood pressure?
65 to 140 systolic/40 to 70 diastolic
what is a stethescope used for?
listens to soudns of blood as it passes through brachial artery
what is blood pressure?
force exerted on walls of blood vesels during the contraction and elaxation of the heart
how is the pulse evaluated?
By rate (fast or slow)
rhythm (regular or irregular)
quantity (full, thready)
It is measured by the number of heartbeats per minute
what is the diastolic?
resting pressure ;occurs during ventricular relaxation (heart rest). Lowest pressure of the cardia cycle
what is a pulse?
the force of blood through an artery created by the hearts contraction
what is bradycardia?
unusually slow beat (below 50 beats per minute)
what is tachycardia?
unusually fast heart beat (over 100 heartbeats per minute)
name the sequence of taking vital signs
temperature
pulse
respirations
blood pressure
name some of the factors that can affect the pulse rate
an increase in exercise, certain drugs, anxiety, heat, eating, or disease
a decrease in sleep, certain drugs, fasting and disease
where is the radial pulse?
lateral surface of the wrist (thumb side)
what are vital signs?
numerical value given to blood pressure, body temperature, pulse rate, respiration rate and body height and weight
what is the pulse pressure?
value obtained when the diastolic pressure is subtracted from the systolic pressure
what are the normal resting heart-rate rates
*adult 60 to 100 beats per minute
*child 80 to 120 beats per minute
* infant 100 to 160 beats per minute
which sites are the non emergency sites?
brachial or radial
where is the brachial pulse?
medial aspect of the antecubutal fossa of the elbow
where is the femoral pulse?
medial aspect of the upper thigh
where is the carotid pulse?
the neck groove, just anterior to the sternocleidomastiod muscle
what are some factors that efect blood pressure values?
the hearts contractile force, peripheral vascular resistance, and vascular volume
which site is teh emergency site?
the carotid, indicates that blood is flowing to the brain
* don't palpate both carotid arteries simultaneoulsy as both may be partially occluded
what happens if the vitals are abnormal?
they are brought to the atention of the dentist, client and clients physician
when recording the radial pulse rate what should be recorded?
the pulse rate, rythm, and quality
what is hypertension?
sustained, abnormally high blood pressure
What causes an increased respiration rate?
exercise, pain, certain drugs, anxiety, shock or disease.
normal adult 12 to 20 rpm
child 20 rpm
what is hypotension?
sustained, abnormally low blood pressure
true or false? vital signs are used to detemine a clients fitness to undergo oral healthcare
true
what is the respiration rate?
the bodys inspiration and expiration of air; the number of breaths per minute