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35 Cards in this Set

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Haiku
17 syllable verse form dividedi nto successive phrases or lines of 5, 7 and 5 syllables. originated in 14th century
Epic
long narrative poem in elevated style. great heroes, celebrates virtues of national, military, religious, political or historical significance. May have limited context but ultimately universal. Emphasizes heroic action and the sturggle between hero's ethos and his human failings or mortality. Opens with a statement of the subject then invocation of the Muse. begins in medias res. literary devices include: catalogs, digressions, long speeches, journeys or quests, various trials or tests of the hero, simile, metaphor, divine intervention.
Negative capability
John Keats: Growing away from unreflecting delight in external nature and into a wise understanding of the harsher realities of existence and the annihilation of self-regarding impulses thruogh empathetic identification with others.
La Belle Dame sans Merci
poem by John Keats
Sonnet
14 lines of iambic pentameter
poetic foot
the unit repeated to give steady rhythmn to a poem
Iambic foot
iamb. Unstressed syllable followed by stressed. unite, repeat, insist
Trochaic foot
tochee. Stressed syllable followed by unstressed. unit, reaper, instant
Anapestic foot
anapest. 2 unstressed syllables followed by stressed. intercede, disarranged, Cameroon
Dactylic foot
dactyl. Stressed syllable followed by two unstressed. Washington, Ecuador, applejack
Spondaic foot
spondee. 2 stressed syllables. Kashmir, headline, heartbreak
monometer
1 foot (rare)
dimeter
2 feet (rare)
trimeter
3 feet
tetrameter
4 feet
pentameter
5 feet
hexameter
6 feet
Alexandrine
six iambic feet
heptameter
7 feet (rare)
Caesura
a strong grammatical pause within a line. \\
End stopped ines
the line ends with a strong mark of punctuation in poetry
Run on lines
the sense flows over the ends of the lines in poetry
Enjambment
another name for run on lines in poetry
Heroic couplet
rhymed iambic pentameter
couplet
two lines per stanza - often used in long uninterrupted verse.
tercet
triplet - three lines. either aaa or aba
terza rima
tercets that are rhyme-linked (aba, bcb, cdc, etc.) see Divine Comedy
quatrain
four lines. ballads and hymns use this often. most frequently used type of stanza.
common measure
alternates a four-foot iambic line with a three-foot iambic ilne, rhyming abcb.
quintlet
five lines with no prescribed rhyme.
sestet
six lines variously rhymed or unrhymed.
seplet
seven lines. Also called Chaucerian stanza (Chaucer) or rhyme royal (King James I of Scotland).
octave
8 lines. may have rhyme scheme or none.
ottava rima
special form of the octave rhyming abababcc
Spenserian stanza
9 lines with an ababbcbcc rhyme. 8 lines of iambic pentameter followed by a longer hexameter (six-foot) line.