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27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Risk of ___________ increases with poor diet and lack of physical activity.
_____ of the 10 leading causes of death are diet related.
This is the science of food, the nutrients, and the substances therein, their action, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease, and the process by which the organism ingests, digests, absorbs, transports, utilizes, and excretes food substances
Until permanent damage occurs the effects of an _____________ can be reversed.
Essential Nutrient Deficit
Your body converts protein, carbohydrate, fat to __________.
What are the six classes of nutrients?
Carbohydrate, protein, fat, vitamin, mineral, and water
What is the primary source of energy for the cells in your body?
___________ is a monosaccharide that composes only half a molecule of table sugar.
How are fats classified as either saturated or unsaturated?
Based upon the chemical structure of the dominant fatty acid
This macromolecule is made by linking amino acids together.
The body first uses excess _________ to meet immediate demands for fuel, then converts any remaining protein to carbohydrate or fat.
While carbohydrate, protein, and fat function as energy sources, ________ do not.
Cooking does not distroy _________, it may, however, harm certain _________.
Minerals, Vitamins
_______ is a lubricant, medium for transport of nutrients and waste products, mechanism for temperature regulation, and a solvent for chemical reactions.
__________ is not needed for any body function and often displaces needed nutrients in the diet.
The amount of heat required to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius is the definition of a ____________.
The Calories listed on a nutrition facts label are really ___________.
Many people living in the U.S. are not consuming enough ____.
The recommended pattern as detailed on the Nutrition Facts Label is __% protein, __% carbohydrate, and __% or less fat
10, 60, 30
What is the internal (physiological) drive to find and consume food?
What is tje psychological influence that encourages eating, often in the absence of hunger
When blood glucose levels rise, the feeding center of the _____________ signals the end of hunger and generates a sense of satisfaction.
Which meal component contributes the most to a sense of meal satisfaction and lengthens the period of time before the desire to eat returns?
Plant Fiber
The mouth and esophagus, stomach, small and large intestines, rectum and anus combine to form the _____________.
The Gastrointestinal Tract (GIT)
A meal high in carbohydrate will increase levels of this hormone in the brain leading to a relaxed, drowsy state.
Of all the choices available today, only about ___ different items account for __% of any one person's food intake.
100, 75
There are no good or bad foods, the focus should be on _________, ____________, and _____________.
Balance, Moderation, Variety