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786 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ABASH
to make ashamed; to embarrass
ADMONISH
to scold gently; to warn
ADROIT
skillful; dexterous; clever; shrewd; socially at ease
AFFECTATION
unnatural or artificial behavior, usually intended to impress
AFFLUENT
rich; prosperous
ALACRITY
cheerful eargerness or readiness to respond
ALTRUISM
selflessness; generosity; devotion to the interests of others
AMBIENCE
atmosphere; mood; feeling
AMBIVALENT
undecided; having opposed feelings simultaneously
AMELIORATE
to amke better or more tolerable
AMENABLE
obedient; willing to give in to the wishes of another; agreeable
AMENITY
pleasantness; attractive or comfortable feature
AMNESTY
an official pardon for a group of people who have violated a law or policy
AMOROUS
relating to love
AMORPHOUS
shapeless; without a regular or stable shape; bloblike
ANACHRONISM
something out of place in time or history; an incongruity
ANTIPATHY
firm dislike; a dislike
ANTITHESIS
the direct opposite
APATHY
lack of interest; lack of feeling
APHORISM
a brief, often witty saying; a proverb
APOCRYPHAL
of dubious authenticity; fictitious; spurious
APOTHEOSIS
elevation to divine status; the perfect example of something
APPROBATION
approval; praise
APPROPRIATE
to take without permission; to set aside for a particular use
ARBITRARY
random; capricious
ARCANE
mysterious; known only to a select few
ARCHETYPE
an original model or pattern
ARDENT
passionate; enthusiastic
ARDUOUS
hard; difficult
ARTFUL
crafty; wily; sly
ARTIFICE
a clever trick; cunning
ASCETIC
hermitlike; practicing self-denial
ASSIDUOUS
hardworking; busy; quite diligent
ASSIMILATE
to take in; to absorb; to learn thoroughly
ASSUAGE
to soothe; to pacifiy; to ease the pain of
ASTUTE
shrewd; keen in judgment
ATTRITION
gradual wearing away, weakening, or loss; a natural or expected decrease in numbers or size
AUSPICIOUS
favorable; promising; pointing to a good result
AUSTERE
unadorned; stern; forbidding; without excess
AUTOCRATIC
ruling with absolute authority; extremely bossy
AVOW
to declare boldly; to admit
AWRY
off course; twisted to one side
AXIOM
a self-evident rule or truth; a widely accepted saying
BANAL
unoriginal; ordinary
BEGET
to give birth to; to create; to lead to; to cause
BELABOR
to go over repeatedly or to an absurd extent
BELEAGUER
to surround; to besiege; to harass
BELIE
to give a false impression of; to contradict
BELLIGERENT
combative; quarrelsome; waging war
BEMUSED
confused; bewildered
BEQUEST
something left to someone in a will
BEREAVED
deprived or left desolate, especially through death
BESET
to harass; to surround
BLIGHT
a disease in plants; anything that injures or destroys
BLITHE
carefree; cheerful
BOURGEOIS
middle class, usually in a pejorative sense; boringly conventional
BROACH
to open up a subject for discussion, often a delicate subject
BUCOLIC
charmingly rural; rustic; countrylike
BURGEON
to expand; to flourish
BURLESQUE
ludicrous, mocking, or exaggerated imitation
CADENCE
rhytmn; the rise and fall of sounds
CAJOLE
to persuade someone to do something he or she doesn't want to do
CALLOW
immature
CANDOR
truthfulness; sincere honesty
CAPITULATE
to surrender; to give up or give in
CAPRICIOUS
unpredictable; likely to change at any moment
CASTIGATE
to criticize severely; to chastise
CAUSTIC
like acidl corrosive
CEREBRAL
brainy; intellectually refined
CHAGRIN
humiliation; embarrassed disappointment
CHARISMA
a magical-seeming ability to attract followers or inspire loyalty
CHARLATAN
fraud; quack; con man
CHASTISE
to inflict punishment on; to discipline
CHICANERY
trickery; deceitfulness; artifice, especially legal or political
CHIMERA
an illusion; a foolish fancy
CHOLERIC
hot-tempered; quick to anger
CHRONIC
constant; lasting a long time; inveterate
CIRCUITOUS
roundabout; not following a direct path
CIRCUMLOCUTION
an indirect expression; use of wordy or evasive language
CIRCUMSCRIBE
to draw a line around; to set the limits; to define; to restrict
CIRCUMSPECT
cautious
CIRCUMVENT
to frustrate as though by surrounding
CLIQUE
an exclusive group bound together by some shared quality or interest
COALESCE
to come together as one; to fuse; to unite
COERCE
to force someone to do or not to do something
COGENT
powerfully convincing
COGNITIVE
dealing with how we know the world around us through our senses; mental
COGNIZANT
aware; conscious
COHERENT
holding together; making sense
COLLOQUIAL
conversational; informal in language
COLLUSION
conspiracy; secret cooperation
COMMENSURATE
equal; proportionate
COMPLACENT
self-satisfied; overly pleased with oneself
COMPLEMENT
to complete or fill up; to be the perfect counterpart
COMPLICITY
participation in wrongdoing; the act being an accomplice
SENTENCE
CONCILIATORY
making peace; attempting to resolve a dispute through goodwill
CONCORD
harmony; agreement
CONCURRENT
happening at the same time; parallel
CONDONE
to overlook; to permit to happen
CONDUCIVE
promoting
CONFLUENCE
a flowing together, especially of rivers; the place where they begin to flow together
CONGENIAL
agreeably suitable; pleasant
CONGENITAL
describing a trait or condition acquired between conception and birth; innate
CONNOISSEUR
an expert; particularly in matters of art or taste
CONSECRATE
to make or declare sacred
CONSONANT
harmonious; in agreement
CONSTRUE
interpret
CONSUMMATE
perfect; complete; supremely skillful
CONTENTIOUS
argumentative; quarrelsome
CONTIGUOUS
side by side; adjoining
CONTINGENT
dependent; possible
CONTRITE
admitting guilt; especially feeling remorseful
CONTRIVED
aritifical; labored
CONVIVIAL
fond of partying; festive
COPIOUS
abundant; plentiful
COROLLARY
something that follows; a natural consequence
CORROBORATE
to confirm; to back up with evidence
COSMOPOLITAN
at home in many places or situations; internationally sophisticated
COUP
a brilliant victory or accomplishment; the violent overthrow of a government by a small internal group
COVET
to wish for enviously
CREDULOUS
eager to believe; gullible
CULMINATE
to climax; to reach full effect
CULPABLE
deserving blame; guilty
CURSORY
hasty; superficial
CURTAIL
to shorten; to cut short
DAUNT
to make feaful; to intimidate
DEARTH
lack; scarcity
DEBACLE
violent breakdown; sudden overthrow; overwhelming defeat
DEBILITATE
to weaken; to cripple
DECADENT
decaying or decayed, especially in terms of morals
DECIMATE
to kill or destroy a large part of
DECOROUS
propler; in good taste; orderly
DEFERENCE
submission to another's will; respect; courtesy
DEFINITIVE
conclusive; providing the last word
DEGENERATE
to break down; to deteriorate
DELETERIOUS
harmful
DELINEATE
to descrive accurately; to draw in outline
DELUDE
to deceive
DELUGE
a flood; an inundation
DEMAGOGUE
a leader of the people, but more a rabble rouser
DENIZEN
inhabitant
DEPRAVITY
extreme wickedness or corruption
DEPRECATE
to express disapproval of
DERIDE
to ridicule; to laugh at contemptuously
DEROGATORY
disapproving; degrading
DESICCATE
to dry out
DESPONDENT
extremely depressed; full of despair
DESTITUTE
extremely poor; utterly lacking
DESULTORY
without a plan or purpose; disconnected; random
DIALECTICAL
relating to discussions; relating to the rules and methods of reasoning; approaching truth in the middle of opposing extremes
DICTUM
an authoritative saying; an adage; a maxim; a proverb
DIDACTIC
intended to teach; morally instructive; pedantic
DIFFIDENT
timid; lacking in self-confidence
DIGRESS
to stray from the main subject
DILETTANTE
someone with superficial knowledge of the arts; an amateur; a dabbler
DISCERN
to have insight; to see things clearly; to discriminate; to differentiate
DISCREET
prudent; judiciously reserved
DISDAIN
arrogant scorn; contempt
DISINTERESTED
not taking sides; unbiased
DISPARAGE
to belittle; to say uncomplimentary things about, usually in a somewhat indirect way
DISPARATE
different; incompatible; unequal
DISSEMINATE
to spread the seeds of something; to scatter; to make widely known
DISSIPATE
to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to cause to thin out, drift away, or dissolve; to waste or squander
DISSOLUTION
the breaking up or dissolving of something into parts; disintegration
DISTEND
to swell; to extend a great deal
DOCILE
easily taught; obedient; easy to handle
DOCTRINAIRE
inflexibly committed to a doctrineor theory regard to its practicality; dogmatic
DOGMATIC
arrogantly assertive of unproven ideas; stubbornly claiming that something (often a system of beliefs) is beyond dispute
DUBIOUS
full of doubt; uncertain
EBULLIENT
boiling; bubbling with excitement; exuberant
ECLECTIC
choosing the best from many sources; drawn from many sources
EDIFY
to enlighten; to instruct; especially in moral or religious matters
EFFACE
to erase; to rub away the features of
EFFUSION
a puring forth
EGALITARIAN
believing in the social and econmic equality of all people
EGREGIOUS
extremely bad; flagrant
ELICIT
to bring out; to call forth
ELUSIVE
hard to pin down; evasive
EMINENT
well-known and respected; standing out from all others in quality or accomplishment; outstanding
EMPIRICAL
relying on experience or observation; not merely theoretical
ENERVATE
to reduce the strength or energy of, especially to do so gradually
ENFRANCHISE
to grant the privileges of citizenship, especially the right to vote
ENGENDER
to bring into existence; to create; to cause
ENORMITY
extreme evil; a hideous offense; immensity
EPHEMERAL
lasting a very short time
EPIGRAM
a brief and usually witty or satirical saying
EQUANIMITY
composure; calm
EQUITABLE
fair
EQUIVOCAL
ambiguous; intentionally confusing; capable of being interpreted in more than one way
ERUDITE
scholarly; deeply learned
ESOTERIC
hard to understand; understood by only a select few; peculiar
ESPOUSE
to support; to advocate
ETHEREAL
heavenly; as light and insubstantial as a gas or ether
EUPHEMISM
a pleasant or inoffensive expression used in place of an unpleasant or offensive one
EVANESCENT
fleeting; vanishing; happening for only the briefest period
EXACERBATE
to make worse
EXACTING
extremely demanding; difficult; requiring great skill or care
EXALT
to raise high; to glorify
EXASPERATE
to annoy thoroughly; to make very angry; to try the patience of
EXHAUSTIVE
thorough; rigorous; complete; painstaking
EXHORT
to urge strongly; to give a serious warning to
EXIGENCY
an emergency; an urgency
EXONERATE
to free completely from blame; to exculpate
EXPATRIATE
to throw (someone) out of his or her native land; to move away from one's native land; to emigrate
EXPEDIENT
providing an immediate advantage; serving one's immediate self-interest; practical
EXPEDITE
to speed up or ease the progress of
EXTOL
to praise highly; to laud
EXTRAPOLATE
to project or deduce from something known; to infer
EXTRICATE
to free frin difficulty
EXTROVERT
an open, outgoing person; a person whose attention is focused on others rather than on himself or herself
EXULT
to rejoice; to celebrate
FABRICATION
a lie; something made up
FACETIOUS
humorous; not serious; clumsily humorous
FACILE
fluent; skillful in a superficial way; easy
FARCICAL
absurd; ludicrous
FASTIDIOUS
meticulous; demanding; finicky
FATALIST
someone who believes that future events are already determined and that humans are powerless to change them
FATUOUS
foolish; silly; idiotic
FAUNA
animals
FECUND
fertile; productive
FELICITY
happiness; skillfulness; especially at expressing things; adeptness
FETTER
to restrain; to hamper
FIGURATIVE
based on figures of speech; expressing something in terms usually used for something else; metaphorical
FLOUT
to disregard something out of disrespect
FOMENT
to stir up; to instigate
FORBEAR
to refrain from; to abstain
FOREGO
to do without; to forbear
FORSAKE
to abandon; to renounce; to relinquish
FORTUITOUS
accidental; occurring by chance
FOUNDER
to fail; to collapse; to sink
FRENETIC
frantic; frenzied
FURTIVE
secretive; sly
GARRULOUS
talkative; chatty
GENTEEL
refined; polite; aristocratic; affecting refinement
GESTICULATE
to make gestures, especially when speaking or in place of speaking
GLUT
surplus; an overabundance
GRANDILOQUENT
pompous; using a lot of big, fancy words in an attempt to sound impressive
GRANDIOSE
absurdly exaggerated
GRATUITOUS
given freely (said of something bad); unjustified; unprovoked; uncalled for
GRAVITY
seriousness
GREGARIOUS
sociable; enjoying the company of others
GUILE
cunning; duplicity; artfulness
HACKNEYED
overused; trite; stale
HAPLESS
unlucky
HARBINGER
a forerunner; a signal of
HEDONISM
the pursuit of pleasure as a way of life
HEGEMONY
leadership, especially of one nation over another
HERMETIC
impervious to external influence; airtight
HEYDAY
golden age; prime
HIERARCHY
an organization based on rank or degree; pecking order
HISTRIONIC
overly dramatic; theatrical
HOMILY
a sermon
HUSBANDRY
thrifty management of resources; livestock farming
ICONOCLAST
one who attacks popular beliefs or institutions
IDEOLOGY
a system of social or political ideas
IDIOSYNCRASY
a pecularity; an eccentricity
IDYLLIC
charming in a rustic way; naturally peaceful
IGNOMINY
deep disgrace
ILLICIT
illegal; not permitted
IMMUTABLE
unchangeable
IMPARTIAL
fair; not favoring one side or the other; unbiased
IMPECCABLE
flawless; entirely without sin
IMPERIAL
an emperor or an empire
IMPERVIOUS
not allowing anything to pass through; impenetrable
IMPETUOUS
impulsive; extremely impatient
IMPUGN
to attack; especially to attack the truth or integrity of something
INANE
silly; senseless
INCANDESCENT
brilliant; giving off heat or light
INCENSE
to make very angry
INCESSANT
unceasing
INCIPIENT
beginning; emerging
INCISIVE
cutting right to the heart of the matter
INCONGRUOUS
not harmonious; not consistent; not appropriate; not fitting in
INCORRIGIBLE
incapable of being reformed
INCREMENT
an increase; one in a series of increases
INDIFFERENT
not caring one way or the other; apathetic; mediocre
INDIGENT
poor
INDIGNANT
angry, especially as a result of something unjust or unworthy; insulted
INDOLENT
lazy
INDULGENT
lenient; yielding to desire
INEFFABLE
incapable of being expressed or described
INEPT
clumsy; incompetent; gauche
INERT
inactive; sluggish; not reacting chemically
INEXORABLE
relentless; inevitable; unavoidable
INGENUOUS
frank; without deception; simple; artless; charmingly naive
INHERENT
part of the essential nature of something; intrinsic
INJUNCTION
a command or order, especially a court order
INNATE
existing since birth; inborn; inherent
INNOCUOUS
harmless; banal
INORDINATE
excessive; unreasonable
INSATIABLE
hard or impossible to satisfy; greedy; avaricious
INSIDIOUS
treacherous; sneaky
INSINUATE
to hint; to creep in
INSIPID
dull; bland; banal
INSOLENT
arrogant; insulting
INSULAR
like an island; isolated
INSURGENT
a rebel; someone who revolts against a government
INTRACTABLE
uncontrollable; stubborn; disobedient
INTRANSIGENT
uncompromising; stubborn
INTRINSIC
part of the essential nature of something; inherent
INTROSPECTIVE
tending to think about oneself; examining one's feelings
INVECTIVE
insulting or abusive speech
INVETERATE
habitual; firm in habit; deeply rooted
IRASCIBLE
easily angered or provoked; irritable
IRREVOCABLE
irreversible
ITINERANT
moveing from place to place
JUDICIOUS
exercising sound judgment
JUXTAPOSE
to place side by side
LACONIC
using few words, especially to the point of seeming rude
LAMPOON
to satirize; to mock; to parody
LANGUISH
to become weak, listless, or depressed
LARGESS
generous giving of gifts (or the gifts themselves); generosity; philanthropy
LATENT
present but not visible or apparent; potential
LAUD
to praise; to applaud; to extol; to celebrate
LETHARGY
sluggishness; laziness; drowsiness; indifference
LEVITY
lightness; frivolity; unseriousness
LIBEL
a written or published falsehood that injures the reputation of, or defames, someone
LITIGATE
to try in court; to engage in legal proceedings
LOQUACIOUS
talking a lot or too much
LUCID
clear; easy to understand
LUGUBRIOUS
exaggeratedly mournful
LUMINOUS
giving off light; glowing; bright
MACHINATION
scheming activity for an evil purpose
MAGNANIMOUS
forgiving; unresentful; noble in spirit; generous
MAGNATE
a rich, powerful, or very successful businessperson
MALAISE
a feeling of depression, uneasiness, or queasiness
MALFEASANCE
an illegal act, especially by a public official
MALINGER
to pretend to be sick to avoid doing work
MANDATE
a command or authorization to do something; the will of the voters as expressed by the results of an election
MANIFEST
visible; evident
MARSHAL
to arrange in order; to gather together for the purpose of doing something
MATRICULATE
to enroll, especially at a college
MAUDLIN
silly and overly sentimental
MAVERICK
a nonconformist; a rebel
MAXIM
a fundamental principle; an old saying
MELLIFLUOUS
sweetly flowing
MENDACIOUS
lying; dishonest
MENDICANT
a beggar
MERCURIAL
emotionally unpredictable; rapidly changing in mood
MICROCOSM
the world in miniature
MILIEU
environmental; surroundings
MISANTHROPIC
hating mankind
MITIGATE
to moderate the effect of something
MOLLIFY
to soften; to soothe; to pacify
MONOLITHIC
massive, solid, uniform, and unyielding
MORIBUND
dying
MOROSE
gloomy; sullen
MORTIFY
to humiliate
MUNDANE
ordinary; pretty boring; not heavenly and eternal
MUNIFICENT
very generous; lavish
MYOPIA
nearsightedness; lack of foresight
NARCISSISM
excessive love of one's body or oneself
NEBULOUS
vague; hazy; indistinct
NEFARIOUS
evil; flagrantly wicked
NEOLOGISM
a new word or phrase; a new usage of a word
NIHILISM
the belief that there are no values or morals in the universe
NOMINAL
in name only; insignificant; A-OK (during rocket launches)
NOXIOUS
harmful; offensive
NUANCE
a subtle difference or distinction
OBDURATE
stubborn and insensitive
OBFUSCATE
to darken; to confuse; to make confusing
OBLIQUE
indirect; at an angle
OBSEQUIOUS
fawning; subservient; sucking up to
OBTUSE
insensitive; blockheaded
OFFICIOUS
annoyingly eager to help or advise
ONEROUS
burdensome; oppressive
OPAQUE
impossible to see through; impossible to understand
OPULENT
luxurious
ORTHODOX
conventional; adhering to established principles or doctrines, especially in religion; by the book
OSTENSIBLE
apparent (but misleading); professed
OSTENTATIOUS
excessively conspicuous; showing off
PALLIATE
to relieve or alleviate something without getting rid of the problem; to assuage; to mitigate
PALPABLE
capable of being touched; obvious; tangible
PALTRY
insignificant; worthless
PANACEA
something that cures everything
PARADIGM
a model or example
PAROCHIAL
narrow or confined in point of view; provincial
PARODY
a satirical imitation
PARSIMONIOUS
stingy
PARTISAN
one who supports a particular person, cause, or idea
PATENT
obvious
PATHOLOGY
the science of diseases
PATRIARCH
the male head of a family or tribe
PATRICIAN
a person of noble birth; an aristocrat
PAUCITY
scarcity
PECADILLO
a minor offense
PEDANTIC
boringly scholarly or academic
PEDESTRIAN
unimaginative; banal
PEJORATIVE
ngeative; disparaging
PENCHANT
a strong taste or liking for something; a predilection
PENITENT
sorry; repentant; contrite
PENSIVE
thoughtful and sad
PEREMPTORY
final; categorical; dictatorial
PERENNIAL
continual; happening again and again or year after year
PERFIDY
treachery
PERFUNCTORY
unethusiastic; careless
PERIPATETIC
wandering; traveling continually; itinerant
PERIPHERY
the outside edge of something
PERJURY
lying under oath
PERMEATE
to spread or seep through; to penetrate
PERNICIOUS
deadly; extrmely evil
PERQUISITE
a privilege that goes along with a job; a "perk"
PERTINENT
relevant; dealing with the matter at hand
PERTURB
to disturb greatly
PERUSE
to read carefully
PERVADE
to spread throughout
PETULANT
rude; cranky; ill-tempered
PHILISTINE
a smugly ignorant person with no appreciation of intellectual or artisitc matters
PIOUS
reverent or devout; outwardly (and sometimes falsely) reverent or devout; hypocritical
PLACATE
to pacify; to appease; to soothe
PLAINTIVE
expressing sadness or sorrow
PLATITUDE
a dull or trite remark; a cliche
PLEBEIAN
common; vulgar; low class; bourgeois
POIGNANT
painfully emotional; extremely moving; sharp or astute
POLARIZE
to break up into opposing factions or groupings
POLEMIC
a powerful argument often made to attack or refute a controversial issue
PONDEROUS
so large as to be clumsy; massive; dull
PORTENT
an omen; a sign of something coming in the future
PRAGMATIC
practical; down to earth; based on experience rather than theory
PRECEPT
a rule to live by; a principle establishing a certain kind of action or behavior; a maxim
PRECIPITATE
to cause to happen abruptly
PRECIPITOUS
steep
PRECLUDE
to prevent something from ever happening
PRECURSOR
forerunner; something that goes before and anticipates or paves the way for whatever it is that follows
PREDILECTION
a natural preference for something
PREEMINENT
better than anyone else; outstanding; supreme
PREEMPT
to seize something by prior right
PREMISE
an assumption; the basis for a conclusion
PREPOSSESS
to preoccupy; to influence beforehand or prejudice; to amek a good impression on beforehand
PREROGATIVE
a right or privilege connected exclusively with a position, a person, a class, a nation, or some other group or classification
PRISTINE
original; unspoiled; pure
PRODIGAL
wastefully extravagant
PRODIGIOUS
extraordinary; enormous
PROFANE
not having to do with religion; irreverent; blasphemous
PROFESS
to declare; to declare falsely or pretend
PROFICIENT
thoroughly competent; skillful; very good (at something)
PROFLIGATE
extravagantly wasteful and, usually, wildly immoral
PROFUSE
flowing, extravagant
PROLETARIAT
the industrial working class
PROLIFERATE
to spread or grow rapidly
PROLIFIC
abundantly productive; fruitful or fertile
PROMULGATE
to proclaim; to publicly or formally declare something
PROPENSITY
a natural inclination or tendency; a predilection
PROPITIOUS
marked by favorable signs or conditions
PROPONENT
an advocate; a supporter of a position
PROPRIETARY
charactersitic of an owner of property; constituting property
PROPRIETY
properness; good manners
PROSAIC
dull; unimaginative; like prose (as opposed to poetry)
PROSCRIBE
to outlaw; to prohibit
PROSELYTIZE
to convert (someone) from one religion or doctrine to another; to recruit converts to a religion or doctrine
PROTRACT
to prolong
PROVIDENT
preparing for the future; providing for the future; frugal
PROVINCIAL
limited in outlook to one's own small corner of the world; narrow
PROVISIONAL
conditional; temporary; tentative
PROXIMITY
nearness
PRUDENT
careful; having foresight
PURPORTED
rumored; claimed
PUTATIVE
commonly accepted; supposed; reputed
QUALIFY
to modify or restrict
QUERULOUS
complaining; grumbling; whining
QUIXOTIC
romantic or idealistic to a foolish or impractical degree
RAMIFICATION
consequence; a branching out
RANCOR
bitter, long-lasting ill will or resentment
RAPACIOUS
greedy; plundering; avaricious
REBUKE
to criticize sharply
REBUT
to contradict; to argue in opposition to; to prove to be false
RECALCITRANT
stubbornly defiant of authority or control; disobedient
RECIPROCAL
mutual; shared; interchangeable
RECLUSIVE
hermitlike; withdrawn from society
RECONDITE
hard to understand; over one's head
RECRIMINATION
a bitter counteraccusation, or the act of making a bitter counteraccusation
REDOLENT
fragrant
REFUTE
to prove to be false; to disprove
RELEGATE
to banish; to send away
RELENTLESS
continuous; unstoppable
RELINQUISH
to release or let go of; to surrender; to stop doing
REMONSTRATE
to argue against; to protest; to raise objections
REPLETE
completely filled; abounding
REPREHENSIBLE
worthy of blame or censure
REPRISAL
a military action undertaken in revenge for another; an act of taking "an eye for an eye"
REPROACH
to scold, usually in disappointment; to blame; to disgrace
REPROVE
to criticize mildly
REPUDIATE
to reject; to renounce; to disown; to have nothing to do with
REQUISITE
required; nescessary
RESOLUTE
determined; firm; unwavering
RESPITE
a period of rest or relief
RETICENT
quiet; restrained; reluctant to speak, especially about oneself
REVERE
to respect highly; to honor
RHETORIC
the art of formal speaking or writing; inflated discourse
RUDIMENTARY
basic; crude; unformed or undeveloped
RUMINATE
to contemplate; to ponder; to mull over
RUSTIC
rural; lacking urban comforts or sophistication; primitive
SACCHARINE
seet; excessively or disgustingly sweet
SACRILEGE
a violation of something sacred; blasphemy
SACROSANCT
sacred; held to be inviolable
SALIENT
sticking out; conspicuous; leaping
SALUTARY
healthful; remedial; curative
SANCTIMONIOUS
pretending to be devout; affecting religious feeling
SANGUINE
cheerful; optimisitic; hopeful
SARDONIC
mocking; scornful
SCINTILLATE
to sparkle, either literally or figuratively
SCRUPULOUS
strict; careful; hesitant for ethical reasons
SEDITION
treason; the incitement of public disorder or rebellion
SENSORY
having to do with the senses or sensation
SENTIENT
able to perceive by the senses; conscious
SEQUESTER
to set or keep apart
SERENDIPITY
accidental good fortune; discovering good things without looking for them
SERVILE
submissive and subservient; like a servant
SINGULAR
unique; superior; exceptional; strange
SLOTH
laziness; sluggishness
SOBRIETY
the state of being sober; seriousness
SOLICITOUS
eager and attentive, often to the point of hovering; anxiously caring to attentive
SOLVENT
not broke or bankrupt; able to pay one's bills
SOPORIFIC
sleep inducing; extrmely boring; very sleepy
SORDID
vile; filty; squalid
SPAWN
to bring forth; to produce a large number
SPECIOUS
deceptively plausible or attractive
SPORADIC
stopping and starting; scattered; occurring in bursts every once in a while
SPURIOUS
false; fake
SQUALOR
filth; wretched, degraded, or repulsive living conditions
SQUANDER
to waste
STAGNATION
motionlessness; inactivity
STAUNCH
firmly committed; firmly in favor of; steadfast
STEADFAST
loyal; faithful
STIGMATIZE
to brand with disgrace; to set a mark of disgrace upon
STIPULATE
to require something as part of an agreement
STOIC
indifferent (at least outwardly) to pleasure or pain, to joy or grief, to fortune or misfortune
STRATUM
a layer; a level
STRICTURE
a restriction; a limitation; a negative criticism
STRIFE
bitter conflict; discord; a struggle or clash
STRINGENT
strict; restrictive
STYMIE
to thwart; to get in the way of; to hinder
SUBJUGATE
to subdue and dominate; to enslave
SUBLIME
awesome; extremely exalted; lofty; majestic
SUBORDINATE
lower in importance, position, or rank; secondary
SUBSTANTIVE
having substance; real; essential; solid; substantial
SUBTLE
not obvious; able to make fine distinctions; ingenious; crafty
SUBVERSIVE
corrupting; overthrowing; undermining; insurgent
SUCCUMB
to yield or submit; to die
SUPERCILIOUS
haughty; patronizing
SUPERFLUOUS
extra; unnescessary; redundant
SURFEIT
excess; an ecessive amount; excess or overindulgence in eating or drinking
SURROGATE
substitute
SYCOPHANT
one who sucks up to others
TACIT
implied; not spoken
TACITURN
untalkative by nature
TANGENTIAL
only superficially related to the matter at hand; not especially relevant; peripheral
TANTAMOUNT
equivalent to
TAUTOLOGICAL
redundant; circular
TEMERITY
boldness; recklessness; audacity
TEMPERATE
mild; moderate; restrained
TENABLE
defensible; as in one's position in an argument; capable of being argued successfully; valid
TENACIOUS
persistent; stubborn; not letting go
TENTATIVE
experimental; temporary; uncertain
TENUOUS
flimsy; extremely thin
TERSE
using no necessary words; succinct
THEOLOGY
the study of God or religion
TIRADE
a prolonged; bitter speech
TORPOR
sluggishness; inactivity; apathy
TOUCHSTONE
a standard; a test of authenticity or quality
TOUT
to praise highly; to brag publicly about
TRANSGRESS
to violate (a law); to sin
TRANSIENT
not staying for a long time; temporary
TURPITUDE
shameful wickedness; depravity
UBIQUITOUS
being everywhere at the same time
UNCONSCIONABLE
not controlled by conscience; unscrupulous
UNCTUOUS
oily, both literally and figuratively; insincere
UNREMITTING
unceasing; unabated; relentless
UNWITTING
unintentional; ignorant; not aware
URBANE
poised; sophisticated; refined
USURP
to seize wrongfully
UTILITARIAN
stressing usefulness or utility above all other qualities; pragmatic
UTOPIA
an ideal society
VACILLATE
to be indecisive; to waver
VAPID
without liveliness; dull; spiritless
VEHEMENT
intense; forceful; violent
VENAL
capable of being bribed; willing to do anything for money; corrupt
VENERATE
to revere; to treat something as holy; especially because of great age
VERACITY
truthfulness
VERBOSE
using too many words; not succinct; circumlocutory
VERISIMILITUDE
similarity to reality; the appearance of truth; looking like the real thing
VERNACULAR
everyday speech; slang; idiom
VESTIGE
a remaining bit of something; a last trace
VEX
to annoy; to pester; to confuse
VIABLE
capable of living; workable
VICARIOUS
experienced, performed, or suffered through someone else; living through the experiences of another as though they were one's own experiences
VICISSITUDE
upheaval; natural change; change in fortune
VILIFY
to say vile things about; to defame
VINDICATE
to clear from all blame or suspicion; to justify
VINDICTIVE
seeking revenge
VIRTUOSO
a masterful musician; a masterful practitioner in some other field
VIRULENT
extremely poisonous; maligant; full of hate
VISIONARY
a dreamer; someone with impractical goals or ideas about the future
VITIATE
to make impure; to pollute
VITRIOLIC
caustic; full of bitterness
VOCATION
an occupation; a job
VOCIFEROUS
loud; noisy
VOLATILE
quick to evaporate; highly unstable; explosive
VOLITION
will; conscious choice
WANTON
malicious; unjustifiable; unprovoked; egregarious
WILLFUL
deliberate; obstinate; insistent on having one's way
WISTFUL
yearning; sadly longing
ABDICATE
step down from a position of power
ABHOR
to hate very much
ABORTIVE
unsuccessful
ABRIDGE
shorten; condense
ABSOLUTE
total; unlimited; perfect
ABSTINENT
voluntarily not doing something which is bad for you
ABSTRACT
theoretical; impersonal
ACQUIESCE
comply passively; to assent
ACUTE
sharp; shrewd
ADAMANT
stubborn; unyielding; completely inflexible
ADDRESS
to speak to; to direct one's attention to
ADVERSE
unfavorable; antagnostic
AFFINITY
sympathy; attraction; kinship; similarity
AGENDA
program; the things to be done
AGRARIAN
relating to land; relating to the management or farming of land
ALLEVIATE
to relieve, usually temporarily or incompletely; to lessen
ALLOY
combination of two or more things, usually metals
ALLUSION
an indirect reference; a hint
AMBIGUOUS
unclear in meaning
AMIABLE
friendly; agreeable
AMORAL
lacking a sense of right and wrong
ANALOGY
a comparison of one thing to another; similarity
ANARCHY
absence of goverment
ANECDOTE
a short account of a humorous or revealing incident
ANGUISH
agonizing physical or mental pain
ANIMOSITY
resentment; hostility; ill will
ANOMALY
an aberration; an irregularity; a deviation
ANTECEDENT
someone or something that went before; something providing an example for things to come
APARTHEID
the abhorrent policy of racial segregation and opression in the Republic of South Africa
APOCALYPSE
a prophetic revelation, especially on concerning the end of the world
APPEASE
to soothe; to pacify by giving in to
APPRECIATE
to increase in value
APPREHENSIVE
worried; anxious
APTITUDE
capacity for learning; natural ability
ARBITER
one who decides; a judge
ARCHAIC
extremely old; ancient; outdated
ARISTOCRATIC
of noble birth; snobbish
ASCENDANCY
supremacy; domination
AUDACITY
boldness; reckless daring; impertinence
AUGMENT
to make bigger; to add to; to increase
BANE
poison; torment; cause of harm
BASTION
stronghold; fortress; fortified place
BELITTLE
to make to seem little; to put someone down
BENEVOLENT
generous; kind; doing good deeds
BENIGN
gentle; not harmful; kind; mild
CACOPHONY
harsh-sounding mixture of words, voices, or sounds
CAPITALISM
free enterprise; an economic system in which businesses are owned by private citizens
CARICATURE
a portrait or description that is purposely distorted or exaggerated, often to prove a point
CATALYST
anyone or anything that makes something happen without directly being involved in it
CHRONICLE
a record of events in order of time; a history
CIRCUMVENT
to frustrate as though by surrounding
CIVIL
polite; civilized; coureous
CLEMENCY
mercy; forgiveness; mildness
CLICHÉ
an overused saying or idea
COMPELLING
forceful; causing to yield
COMPENDIUM
a summary; an abridgement
COMPREHENSIVE
covering or including everything
COMPRISE
to consist of
CONCISE
brief and to the point; succinct
CONDESCEND
to stoop to someone else's level, usually in an offensive way; to patronize
CONJURE
to summon or bring into being as if by magic
CONJECTURE
to guess; to deduce or infer on slight evidence
CONSENSUS
unanimity or general agreement
CONVENTIONAL
common; customary; unexceptional
COUNTENANCE
face; facial expression; especially an encouraging one
COVENANT
a solemn agreement; a contract; a pledge
COVERT
secret; hidden
CRITERION
standard; basis for judgement
CRYPTIC
mysterious; mystifying
CULINARY
relating to cooking or the kitchen
CYNIC
one who deeply distrusts human nature; one who believes humans are motivated only by selfishness
DEBAUCHERY
wild living; excessive intemperance
DEDUCE
to conclude from the evidence; to infer
DEFAME
to libel or slander; to ruin the good name of
DESPOT
an absolute ruler; an autocrat
DISCRETE
unconnected; seperate; distinct
DISCRIMINATE
to notice or point out the difference between two or more things; to discern; to differentiate
DISTINGUISH
to tell apart; to cause to stand out
DOMESTIC
having to do with the household or family; not foreign
DORMANT
inactive; as though asleep; asleep
DUPLICITY
the act of beuing two-faced; double-dealing; deception
ECCENTRIC
not conventional; a little kooky; irregular
EGOCENTRIC
selfish; believing that one is the center of everything
ELLIPTICAL
oval; missing a word or words; obscure
EMIGRATE
to movne to a new country; to move to a new place to live; to expediate
EMULATE
to strive to equal or excel, usually through imitation
ENCROACH
to make gradually or stealthy inroads into; to trespass
ENDEMIC
native; restricted to a particular region or era; indigenous
ENIGMA
a mystery
EPITOME
a brief summary that captures the meaning of the whole; the perfect example of something; a paradigm
EXEMPLIFY
to illustrate by example; to serve as a good example
EXISTENTIAL
having to do with existence
EXPLICIT
clearly and directly expressed
EXTRANEOUS
unnecessary; irrelevant; extra
FACTION
a group, usually a small part of a larger group united around some cause ; disagreement within an organization
FERVOR
great wormth or earnestness; ardor; zeal
FIDELITY
faithfulness; loyalty
FINESSE
skillful maneuvering; subtlety; craftiness
FLAGRANT
glaringly bad; notorious; scandalous
FLAUNT
to show off; to display ostentatiously
FOIBLE
a minor character flaw
FRATERNAL
like brothers
FRUGAL
economical; penny-pinching
FUTILE
useless; hopeless
GENRE
a type or category, especially of art or writing
HERESY
any belief that is strongly opposed to established beliefs
HIATUS
a break or interruption, often from work
HOMOGENEOUS
uniform; made entirely of one thing
HYPERBOLE
an exaggeration used as a figure of speech; exaggeration
HYPOTHETICAL
uncertain; unproven
IMMINENT
just about to happen
IMPOTENT
powerless; helpless
INAUGURATE
to begin oficially; to induct formally into office
INCANTATION
a chant
INDIGENOUS
native; originating in that area
INFAMOUS
reputation for something bad
INFATUATED
foolish; foolishly passionate or attracted; made foolish; foolishly in love
INFER
to conclude; to deduce
INFINITESIMAL
very, very very small; infinitely small
INSTIGATE
to provoke; to stir up
INTEGRAL
essential
INUNDATE
to flood; to cover completely with water; to overwhelm
IRONIC
meaning the opposite of what you seem to say
KINETIC
having to do with motion; lively; active
LABYRINTH
a maze; something like a maze
LAMENT
to mourn
LEGACY
something handed down from the past; a bequest
MALLEABLE
easy to shape or bend
MANIFESTO
a public declaration of beliefs or principles, usually political ones
MARTIAL
warlike; having to do with combat
MARTYR
someone who gives up his or her life or suffer in pursuit of a cause, especially a religious one, or to arouse sympathy
MEDIATE
to help settle differences
MENTOR
a teacher, tutor, counselor, or coach
MERCENARY
a hired soldier; someone who will do anything for money
METAMORPHOSIS
a magical change in form; a striking or sudden change
MINUSCULE
very tiny
MYRIAD
a huge number
NEPOTISM
showing favoritism to friends or family in business or politics
NOSTALGIA
sentimental longing for the past; homesickness
NOTORIOUS
famous for something bad
NOVEL
new; original
OBLIVION
total forgetfulness; the state of being forgotten
OBSCURE
unknown; hard to understand; dark
PACIFY
to calm someone down; to placate
PAINSTAKING
extremely careful; taking pains
PARADOX
a true statement or phenomenon that nonetheless seems to contradict itself
PATERNAL
fatherly; fatherlike
PATRONIZE
to treat as an inferior; to condescend to
PHILANTHROPY
love of mankind, especially by doing good deeds
PIVOTAL
crucial
PLETHORA
an excess
POSTULATE
something accepted as true without proof; an axiom
PRECEDENT
an earlier example or model of something
PREVAIL
to triumph; to overcome rivals
PRODIGY
an extremely talented child; an extraordinary accomplishment or occurence
PROFOUND
deep(in several senses)
PROTAGONIST
the leading character in a novel, play or other work; a leader or champion
QUALITATIVE
having to do with the quality or qualities of something
RECANT
to publicly take back and deny(something previously said)
REDUNDANT
unnecessarily repetitive; excessive; excessively wordy
RENAISSANCE
a rebirth or revival
REITERATE
to say again; to repeat
RENOUNCE
to give up formally or resign; to disown; to have nothing to do with anymore
REPARATION
paying back; making amends; compensation
REPERCUSSION
a consequence; an indirect effect
REPLENISH
to fill again; to resupply; to restore
RIGOROUS
strict; harsh; severe
ROBUST
strong and healthy; vigorous
ROGUE
criminally dishonest person; a scoundrel
SAGACIOUS
discerning; shrewd; keen in judgement; wise
SCRUTINIZE
to examine very carefully
SECULAR
having nothing to do with religion or spiritual concerns
SLANDER
to speak badly about somebody
STATIC
stationary; not changing or moving
SUCCINCT
brief and to the point; concise
SUPERFICIAL
on the surface only; shallow; not thorough
SURREPTITIOUS
sneaky; secret
SYNTHESIS
the combining of parts to form a whole
TANGIBLE
touchable; palpable
TENET
a shared principle or belief
TRANSCEND
to go beyond or above; to surpass
TREPIDATION
fear; apprehension; nervous trembling
UNIFORM
consistent; unchanging; the same for everyone
ZEALOUS
enthusiastically devoted to something; fervent