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29 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Where does the line of gravity pass at the ankle in normal posture?
Anterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG at the ankle?
DF
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity at the ankle?
Soleus
Where does the line of gravity pass at the knee in normal posture?
Anterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG at the knee?
Extension
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity at the knee?
Posterior Capsule
Where does the line of gravity pass at the hip in normal posture?
Posterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG at the hip?
Extension
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity in the hop?
Iliospsas and Y ligaments
Where does the line of gravity pass at the lumbar spine in normal posture?
Posterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG in the lumbar spine?
Extension
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity in the lumbar spine?
ALL
Where does the line of gravity pass at the cervical spine in normal posture?
Posterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG in the cervical spine?
Extension
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity in the cervial spine?
ALL
Where does the line of gravity pass at the AO joint in normal posture?
Anterior
What kind of moment is created by the LOG at the AO?
Flexion
What structure(s) resist the moment created by gravity at the AO joint?
Ligamentum Nuchae, Tectorial membrane, Posterior neck muscles
What segment of a joint moves toward the LOG?
Proximal
What occurs when the LOG falls posterior at the knee as in the case of a flexed knee postural deviation?
Increase quadriceps activity, Increased compression forces through the knee joint, Increase in energy expenditure
Name some adverse effects that occur when the line of gravity falls anterior to the lumbar spine as in the case of increase lumbar lordosis.
Nutrient to the posterior aspect of the disk is compromised, increased compression in the zygapophyseal joints which could lead to arthritic changes
What muscles should be stretched in a person with a slouched posture?
Upper abdominals, hip extensors and lower lumbar extensors
What muscles should be strengthened in a person with a slouched posture?
Lower abdominals, extensor muslces of the lower thoracic region and hip flexors
What muscles should be stretched in a person with a lordotic posture?
Hip flexors and lumbar extensors
What muscles should be strengthened in a person with a lordotic posture?
Abdominals
What muscles should be stretched in a person with a flat back posture?
Trunk flexors and hip extensors
What muscles should be strengthened in a person with a flat back posture?
Lumbar extensors and hip flexors
What muscles should be stretched in a person with a round back with forward head posture?
Pect Major and minor, latissimus dorsi, serratus anterior, levator scapulae, sternocleidomastoid, scalene, upper trapezius and the muscles of the suboccipital region.
What muscles should be strengthened in a person with a round back with forward head posture?
Erector spinae and scapular retractor muscles (rhomboids, midd trap), and capital flexors.