Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
unconditional surrender
surrender without conditions
French statesman who played a key role in negotiating the Treaty of Versailles
war guilt clause
Germany was forced to take complete responsibility for starting World War I
Payment made by a party causing harm to the party incurring that harm.
polish corridor
A strip of land between the German territories of Pomerania and East Prussia awarded to Poland by the Treaty of Versailles (1919) to afford access to the Baltic Sea
formal country of central europe
A historical region of western Romania bounded by the Transylvanian Alps and the Carpathian Mountains
country of central europe
former country of southeast europe
league of nations
A world organization established in 1920 to promote international cooperation and peace.
A feeling of anxiety or apprehension often accompanied by depression.
Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis
The philosophical doctrine that every state of affairs, including every human event, act, and decision is the inevitable consequence of antecedent states of affairs.
an outlandish figure in the court of Czar Nicholas II of Russia
Soviet worders and soldiers deputies
lenins supporters
"means of production"
are the combination of the means of labor and the subject of labor used by workers to make products.`
Vladimir I. Lenin was a driving force behind the Russian Revolution of 1917 and became the first great dictator of the Soviet Union.
"white Russians"
opposed bolsheviks
prosperous landed peasant in czarist Russia, characterized by the Communists during the October Revolution as an exploiter.
A farm or a group of farms organized as a unit and managed and worked cooperatively by a group of laborers under state supervision, especially in a communist country
New Economic Policy
the new measures included the return of most agriculture, retail trade, and light industry to private ownership (though the state retained control of heavy industry, banking, transport, and foreign trade) and the reintroduction of money into the economy
Five-Year Plan
implemented by Joseph Stalin, concentrated on developing heavy industry and collectivizing agriculture, at the cost of a drastic fall in consumer goods.
heavy industry
which included all goods that serve as an input required for the production of some other, final good
consumer goods
final goods used for consumption
was the first of a succession of Soviet state security organizations
forbiddance; ban
A national policy of abstaining from political or economic relations with other countries.