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31 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
After WWII the US converted factories from producing war materials to producing what?
consumer goods
When the soldiers returned home from the war, what happened to the women who were working in factories?
stopped working and returned home to their family responsibilities.
What are the reasons for increased economic growth in the US after the war?
*business switched from producing war materials to consumer goods.
* technological advances led to increased business
*workers gained benefits and started earning higher wages
What happened to Eastern European countries after WWII?
They were controlled by the Soviet Union
A program that gave financial aid to help rebuild Europe after WWII
Marshall Plan
Who were the two superpowers involved in the Cold War?
United States and Soviet Union
Why was it called the Cold War?
Because of the tension between the US and the Soviet Union about politics. There was never any direct fighting
A US policy designed to prevent the spread of Soviet communism in the world.
containment
The imaginary politcal and military barrier that isolated and separated the Soviet controlled Eastern Europe from Western Europe.
The iron curtain
The system in the Soviet Union where the government owns and controls farms, industry and business
communism
A form of government in which people have a say in choosing their leaders and laws
democratic
A society in which business and property can be owned by individuals and the economy is based on free enterprise
capitalism
Democratic alliance that was formed in 1949 in response to possible Soviet Union threats of invasion.
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO)
An alliance formed in 1955 by the Soviet Union to defend against attacks from Western Europe
Warsaw Pact
A belief that if one nation in Asia became communists, the others would follow.
domino theory
When fighting stops because both sides are equally strong and neither side wins.
stalemate
an example of containment in Europe
Monroe Doctrine
When did the Cuban missle crisis begin?
When the Soviet Union placed missiles in Cuba
What was the result of the Cuban missle Crisis?
The Soviet Union withdrew their nuclear missles from Cuba
Which side of Germany did the Soviet Union control?
East Germany
How did WWII help end the Great Depression?
Factories and workers were needed to produce war materials, creating jobs.
United States
government of democracy and capitalism
Soviet Union
government of dictatorship and communism
What are three major factors of the Cold war?
NATO and the Warsaw Pact
capitalism and communism
arms race of nuclear weapons
What events started the Korean conflict?
Communist North Korea attacked South Korea
How did the Korean conflict end?
In a stalemate (neither side won)
What is the name of the imaginary line where Korea is divided?
the 38th parallel.
What reason was given for the US involvement in Vietnam?
Domino Theory
How did Americans feel about the involvement in the Vietnam war?
Americans were divided about the war. Some were for it, some were against it.
What divided East and West Germany?
Berlin Wall
How did the cold war come to an end?
The collapse or ending of communism in the Soviet Union.